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Med Language Ch. 5

Turley Cardiovascular system

cardi/o heart
atrium small upper chamber of the heart
apex inferior tip of the heart
ventricle large lower chamber of the heart
vascul/o blood vessel
tricuspid valve between the right atrium and right ventricle
pulmonary valve between the right ventricle and the pulmonary trunk
mitral valve between the left atrium and left ventricle
aortic valvre between the left ventricle and the aorta
myocardium the muscular layer of the heart
my/o muscle
pericardium membrane surrounding the heart
endocardium innermost layer of cells lining the heart
endo- innermost
-ole small thing
arteri/o artery
viscer/o large internal organ
vas/o blood vessel
lumen central opening
ven/o vein
-ule small thing
capill/o hairlike structure
capillary smallest blood vessel in the body
aorta largest artery in the body
axilla under arm
brachi/o arm
iliac pertaining to the hip bone
femoral pertaining to the thigh bone
popliteal back of the knee (pertaining to)
vena cavae two major veins of the body which return deoxygenated blood to the heart
portal vein carries blood from the intestines to the liver (to be filtered)
neonatology study of the newborn
diastole resting period between contractions
systole contraction of the atria or ventricles
great vessels collective term for the aorta, inferior vena cava, superior vena cava,pulmonary trunk, pulmonary arteries, and pulmonary veins
vasoconstriction constriction of smooth muscle in the wall of a blood vessel that causes it to become smaller in diameter
vasoldilation relaxation of smooth muscle in the wall of a blood vessel that causes it to become larger in diameter
pulse the bulging of an artery walll from blood pumped by the heart
sin/o hollow cavity; channel
-megaly enlargement
angina pectoris mild to severe chest pain caused by ischemia of the myocardium
isch/o keep back; block
-emia condition of the blood
ischemia lack of blood flow to an organ or body part
cardiomyopathy any disease condition of the heart that incluces enlargement and heart failure
myocardial infarction (MI) death of myocardial cells due to severe ischemia
mitral valve prolapse structural abnormality in which the leaflets of the mitral valve do not close tightly
patent foramen ovale the foramen ovale fails to close
brady- slow
fibrillation arrhythmia in which there is a very fast , uncoordinated quivering of the myocardium (atria or ventricles)
tachy- fast
asystole complete absence of a heart beat
palpitation uncomfortable feeling in the chest during a premature contraction of the heart
aneurysm area of dilation and weakness in the wall of an artery
arteriosclerosis progressive degenerative changes that produce a narrowed, hardened artery.
atherosclerosis fatty plaque deposits on arterial walls causing narrowing of the vessel lumen
bruit a harsh rushing sound made by blood passing through an artery narrowed and roughened by atherosclerosis. Can be heard by stethoscope.
Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) arteriosclerosis of the coronary arteries
hyperlipidemia elevated levels of lipids (fats) in the blood
hypertension (HTN) elevated blood pressure
hypotension lower than normal blood pressure
peripheral artery disease (PAD) atherosclerosis of the arteries in the legs
phleb/o vein
phlebitis inflammation of a vein
peripheral vascular disease (PVD) any disease of the arteries of the extremities
varicose veins damaged or incompetent valves in a vein
Holter monitor procedure during which the patient's heart rate is and rhythm are continuously monitored as an outpatient for 24 hours
telemetry procedure to monitor a patient's hear rate and rhythm in the hospital
pharmacologic stress test test performed in patients who cannot exercise vigorously to test the heart's response to stress
electrocardiography (ECG, EKG) a recording of the electrical activity of the heart
cardioversion procedure to treat an arrhythmia that cannot be treated with antharrhythmic drugs
carotid endarterectomy procedure to remove plaque from an occluded carotid artery
coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) procedure to bypass an occluded coronary artery and restore blood flow to the myocardium
percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) procedure to recontsruct an artery that is narrowed because of atherosclerosis