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personal family health exam 1

QuestionAnswer
WHO definition of health state of complete physical, mental, and social well being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity
2 common criticisms of WHO definition of health 1. does not include 3 dimensions (spiritual, emotional, and vocational) 2. state fluctuates where in WHO definition makes it a complete well being (not real)
two big points of Dunn's definition of health 1. self actualization 2. individuality
Dubos definition of health 1st direct mention of quality of life, multidimensional, human interaction with the physical environment
Social Cognitive Theory - Reciprocal Determinism - Bidirectional interactive relationship our environment shapes us but we shape our environment
Hochbaum's definition freeing functioning (a person can do what they when they want)
Richard Eberst multidimensional cube model (6 sides) physical, spiritual, social, vocational, emotional, mental. these are all interrelated. spiritual center.
Define the 6 sides of the cubes physical-absence of disease and disability, functioning adequately. spiritual-higher being, not just religious. social-interaction with others. vocational-satisfaction with work. emotional-feelings. mental-intellectual.
Health Promotion = Health education + environmental supports
Does what we know directly relate to how we behave? NO. Knowledge does not equal behavior.
Locus of Control definition and three types An individual's perception of who or what controls their health. Internal, External, Chance.
Micro Environmental Factors individuals characteristics, beliefs, behavior, attitude, etc. (people with high internal locus of control)
Macro Environmental Factors external, SES, living conditions (high external locus of control)
problems with excessive micro: 1. iatrogenic health education disease - the development of unrealistic expectations of the control a person has over his or her health status as a result of health education. failure does not mean you didn't try hard enough! 2. victim blaming.
problems with excessive macro: 1. rationalization 2. defense mechanisms
determinants of health (4) 1. lifestyle (makes up the most) = behavior, attitude, culture 2. health care = access to health care 3. environment = living conditions, level of education 4. human biology = genetics
future trends facing health promotion GPATH 1. genetics 2. population shift 3. aging 4. technology 5. healthcare reform
evolution of health (three stages) environment, medicine, prevention
three types of prevention of disease: primary - prevention of disease or behavior BEFORE initial occurrence. secondary - early detection of disease or behavior. tertiary - promotes functioning with disease and preventing reoccurrence
Created by: jengator