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Med term chapter 9

urinary system

QuestionAnswer
this organ constantly filters the blood to remove waste products kidney
means pertaining to the kidneys renal
means pertaining to being located behind the peritoneum retroperitoneal
The outer region of the kidney cortex
inner region of the kidney medulla
the functional unit of the kidney nephron
a cluster of capillaries surrounded by a cup shaped membrane called the Bowman's capsule glomerulus
the funnel shaped area within each kidney , this is where newly formed urine collects renal pelvis
two narrow tubes that transport urine from the kidney to the bladder ureters
a hollow muscular organ that is a reservoir for urine before it is excreted from the body bladder
the tube extending from the bladder to the outside of the body urethra
a ringlike muscle that closes a passageway sphincter
this gland is part of the male reproductive system and surrounds the urethra prostate gland
terms for the act of urinating voiding, micturation
a physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders of the kidneys nephrologist
physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders of the urinary system urologist
the inability of one or both of the kidneys to perform their functions renal failure or kidney failure
when kidney function is comprimised and urea is retained in the blood uremia
a degenerative kidney disease causing nephrotic syndrome without inflammation nephrosis
absence of urine formation anuria
excessive fluid in the body tissues edema
any disease of the kidney any disease of the kidney
Dilation (swelling) of one or both kidneys hydronephrosis
distention of the pelvis of the kidney nephrectasis
inflammation of the kidney or kidneys nephritis
known as a floating kidney nephroptosis
means the formation or discharge of pus suppuration
suppuration of the kidney nephropyosis
genetic disorder characterized by the growth of numerous fluid filled cysts in the kidneys polycystic kidney disease
acute pain in th ekidney area caused by blockage during passage of a kidney stone renal colic
malignant tumor of the kidney that occurs in young children Wilms tumor
presence of stones in the kidney nephrolithiasis
distention of the ureter with urine that cannot flow because of a blockage of the ureter hydroureter
inflammation of the inflammation of the urethra urethritis
inflammation of the bladder cystitis
inflammation of the renal pelvis pyelitis
inflammation of the renal pelvis and the kidney pyelonephritis
pain of the urinary bladder cystalgia
hernia of the bladder through the vaginal wall cystocele
chronic inflammation within the walls of the bladder interstitial cystitis
abnormal opening between the bladder and vagina that allows a constant flow of urine from the bladder into the vagina vesicovaginal fistula
congenital abnormality of th eurethral opening epispadias
abnormal enlargement of the prostate gland that occurs more often in men over 50 BPH benign prostatic hypertrophy
involuntary discharge of urine enuresis
urinary incontinence during sleep nocturnal enuresis
radiographic study of the kidneys ureters and bladder KUB
fluroscope is used to examine the flow of urine from the bladder and through the urethra voiding cystourethrography
medications that increase urine secretion diuretics
procedure to remove waste products from the blood of a patient whose kidneys no longer function dialysis
destriction of stones with the use of high energy ultrasonic waves extracorporeal shockwave lithrotripsy
chronic renal failure CRF
Created by: tonyawiltshire