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Med Term 8

The digestive system

meaning mouth or/o, stomat/o
meaning pharynx pharyng/o
meaning esophagus esophag/o
meaning stomach gastr/o
small intestine enter/o
large intestine col/o, colon/o
rectum and anus an/o, proct/o, or rect/o
liver hepat/o
gallbladder cholecyst/o
pancreas pancreat/o
forms the roof of the mouth palate
hangs from the free edge of the soft palate uvula
aids in speech and moves food during chewing and swallowing tongue
also known as the gums gingiva
means without teeth edentulous
the muscular tube through which ingested food passes from the pharynx to the stomach esophagus
folds in the mucosa lining of the stomach rugae
the three sections of the small intestine duodenum, jejunum, and ileum
the major parts of the large intestine cecum, colon, rectum, and anus
colon is subdivided into 4 parts ascending colon, transverse colon, descending colon, and sigmoid colon
This organ removes toxins from the blood, removes extra glucose, and manufactures blood proteins Liver
This organ stores and concentrates bile Gallbladder
This gland is located behind the stomach and is responsible for insulin production Pancreas
process by which complex foods are broken down into nurtients into a form that the body can use Digestion
all of the processes involved in the bodys use of nutrients Metabolism
a mass of food that has been chewed and is ready to be swallowed bolus
a series of wave like contractions of the smooth muscles in a single direction peristalsis
A semiliquid mass of partially digested food that passes out of the stomach Chyme
Another term for bowel movement Defecation
Also known as stool feces
As bacteria break down food in the digestive tract gas is produced. The rumbling noise from gas is known as; Borborygmus
The passing of gas out of the body is : flatulence or flatus
A doctor who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of internal organs and systems related to body systems Internist
disorder of the lips characterized by crack like sores at the corners of the mouth cheilosis
also known as dry mouth xerostomia
involuntary grinding or clenching of the teeth bruxism
an unpleasant odor coming from the mouth halitosis
difficulty in swallowing dysphagia
also known as heartburn pyrosis
condition where a portion of the stomach protrudes upward into the chest hiatal hernia
condition of physical wasting away due to loss of weight and muscle mass cachexia
an abnormal craving for non food substances pica
In this condition the bodys fluid loss is greater than the fluid intake and disrupts the electrolyte balance dehydration
also known as indigestion dyspepsia
known as vomiting emesis
return of swallowed food into the mouth regurgitation
A partial or complete blockage of the small or large intestine Ileus
a chronic autoimmune disorder that can occur anywhere in the digestive tract Crohn's disease
Twisting of the intestine on itself causing an obstruction volvulus
Telescoping of the one part of the small intestine into another adjacent area intussception
a tiny video camera in a capsule is swallowed and video images are taken as the capsule passed through the small intestine capsule endoscopy
a medication that prevents or relieves nausea anti-emetic
surgical creation of an artificial opening into the colon colostomy
esophagogastroduodenoscopy EGD
Created by: tonyawiltshire