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Med term 7

Respiratory system

QuestionAnswer
Meaning nose nas/o
Meaning pharynx pharyng/o
Meaning larynx laryng/o
Meaning lung pneum/o, pneumon/o,pulmon/o
Thin hairs located inside notrils that filter incoming air to remove debris Cillia
specialized tissues that line the respiratory,digestive,reproductive,and urinary systems mucous membranes
secreted by the mucous membranes and protects and lubricates these tissues mucus
protective circle of lymphatic tissue around the entrance to the respiratory system tonsils
air filled caviites lined with mucous membranes and are located in the bones of the skull paranasal sinuses
Commonly known as the throat and made up of three divisions pharynx
The three divisions of the pharynx: nasopharynx, oropharynx, laryngopharynx
known as the voice box larynx
lid like structure located at the base of the tongue and swings downward and closes off the laryngopharynx with swallowing epiglottis
Known as the windpipe trachea
Small grape like clusters found at the end of each bronchiole alveoli
has 3 lobes or subdivisions right lung
detergent like substance secreted by the lung surfactant
Cavity located between the lungs Mediastinum
A thin moist and slippery membrane taht covers the outer surface of the lungs Pleura
inner layer of pleura that surrounds each lung Visceral pleura
muscle that separates the thoracic cavity from the abdomen Diaphragm
nerves that stimulate the diaphragm and cause it to contract Phrenic nerves
exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide respiration
exchange of gases within the cells of the body organs internal respiration
a lung disease in which it is hard to breathe COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
progressive loss of lung function that is characterized by a loss of alveoli, enlargement of remaining alveoli, and progressive destruction of alveoli emphysema
chronic allergic disorder characterized by episodes of severe breathing difficulty, coughing, and wheezing asthma
acute respiratory syndrome in children characterized by sbstruction of the larynx, and a barking cough croup
a nosebleed epistaxis
loss the the ability of the larynx to make speech sounds aphonia
inflammation of the pleura that causes sharp chest pain with each breath pleurisy
accumulation of air in the pleural space causing a pressure imbalance that prevents the lung from fully expanding pneumothorax
pus in the pleural space pyothorax
accumulation of fluid in the lung tissues pulmonary edema
serious infection or inflammation of the lungs pneumonia
genetic disorder where the lungs and pancreas are clogged with thick mucus cystic fibrosis
also known as suffocation asphyxiation
bluish discoloration of the skin cyanosis
external monitor placed on the finger to measure oxygen levels in the blood pulse oximeter
Created by: tonyawiltshire