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NFPT CH1

Basic Human Anatomy

How many bones are in the adult body? 206.
The larger the muscle, the more energy that must be released from ___ _____. Fat cells.
How is a prime mover defined? A muscle group directly responsible for the movement in a given resistance exercise.
What strong connective tissue attaches MUSCLE to BONE? Tendons.
Muscles can only PULL they can not ____. Push. (That is why muscles work in teams)
How many liters of blood does an adult typically have? 4-5 liters of blood.
What system is responsible for the transportation of nutrients and oxygen? Circulatory system.
What are the 8 body systems? Muscle, Skeletal, Respiratory, Immune, Circulatory, Nervous, Endocrine, and the Digestive system.
What chemicals in the body control the body's processes? Hormones.
The trachea is a pipe shaped by rings of _________. Cartilage.
Blood vessels with very thin walls are called? Capillaries.
What is the spinal cord made up of? Nerves.
The cartilage coated ends of bones are kept apart by a thin film of slippery fluid called.. Synovial Fluid.
What connects bone to bone? They are held together by strong stretchy bands called.. Ligaments.
The pancreas aids in the _________ process. Digestive.
What does the Gall Bladder store? Bile.
How many MAIN functions does the liver have? 64.
What is the purpose of the Lymph Nodes? What are they filled with? They are filled with billions of white cells to help fight off invading germs in the body.
What is the purpose of the Thymus Gland? It helps various types of white cells develop and aides in the body's defense.
Where is the Spleen located and what is its purpose? The Spleen is tuck behind the stomach. It stores and makes red and white cells, and generally cleans and filters the blood.
These GLANDS store hormones... Endocrine.
3 main endocrine glands are.. Pituitary, Thyroid, and Adrenal glands.
Created by: laceymp