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Med Term chap Four

muscular system

QuestionAnswer
muscul/o, myo, myos/o med terms for muscle
fascia Cover support and separate muscles
Tendons Attach muscle to bone
ten/o, tend/o, tendin/o medical terms for tendons
aponeurosis shrrtlike fibrous connective tissue that serves as a fascia to bind muscles together
What are the three types of muscle tissue skeletal, smooth, and myocardial
skeletal muscle is known as voluntary muscle or striated muscle
this muscle is located in the walls of internal organs, blood vessels, and ducts smooth muscle, or involuntary muscle
forms the muscular walls of the heart myocardial muscle
contraction tightening of a muscle
relaxation when a muscle returns to its original form
adduction movement of a limb towards the midline of the body
abduction movement of a limb away from the midline of the body
flexion decreasing the angle between two bones by bending a limb at a joint
extension increasing the angle between two bones or the straightening of a limb
hyperextension extreme or overextension of a limb or body part
rotation turns a bone on its own axis
supination turns the palm of the hand upward or forward
dorsiflexion bends the foot upward at the ankle
circumduction the circular movement at the far end of a limb
pronation turns the palm of the hand downward or backward
plantar flexion bends the foot downward at the ankle
origin the place where the muscle begins
insertion place where the muscle ends by attaching to a bone or tendon
sphincter muscle ring like muscle that tightly constricts the opening of a passageway
neurologist physician who specializes in treating the causes of paralysis and similar disorders with loss of function
physiatrist physician who specializes in physical medicine and rehabilitation
rheumatologist physician who specializes in the treatment of arthritis and disorders such as osteoporosis
fibromyalgia debilitation chronic condition characterized by fatigue, muscle pain
tenodynia pain in a tendon
chronic fatigue syndrome disorder that affects many body systems. Symptoms are profound fatigue
adhesion band of fibrous tissue that holds structures together
atrophy weakness or wearing away of body tissues
myalgia tenderness or pain in the muscle
myocele herniation of muscle through a tear in the fascia
myorrhexis rupture or tearing of a muscle
sacropenia loss of muscle mass, strengty, and function that comes with aging
muscle tone state of balanced muscle tension
atonic lacking normal muscle tone
dystonia condition of abnormal muscle tone
hypertonia condition of excessive tone of skeletal muscle
hypotonia condition of diminished tone of skeletal muscle
ataxia inability to ccordinate muscle activity
contracture permanent tightening of fascia,muscles,tendons,ligamints.
intermittent claudication pain in the leg muscles that occur during exercise and are releived by rest
bradykinesia extreme slowness in movement
myasthenia Gravis chronic autoimmune disease that affects the neuromuscular junction which produces weakness of voluntary muscles
muscular dystrophy genetic disease characterized by progressive weakenss and degeneration of skeletal muscle
epicondylitis inflammation of the tissues surrounding the elbow
plantar fascitis inflammation of the plantar fascia on the sole of the foot
sprain an injury to a joint, such as the ankle, knee, or wrist that involves a stretched or torn ligament
strain injury to the body of a muscle or to the attachment of a tendon
hamstring injury can be a strain or tear on any of the three hamstring muscles that straighten the hip and bend the knee
spinal cord injury type of paralysis is determined by level of the vertebra closest to the injury
hemiparesis slight paralysis or weakness affecting one side of the body
hemiplegia total paralysis affecting one side of the body
paraplegia paralysis of lower extremities and lower part of the body
quadriplegia paralysis of all four extremities
ergonomics study of human factors that affect the design and operation of tools and the work environment
RICE acronym meaning rest, ice, compression, and elevation
myorrhaphy suturing a muscle wound
Created by: tonyawiltshire