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Pharmocology 4/20

Quiz Chps 38-56

QuestionAnswer
what must you ALWAYS do? WASH YOUR HANDS...and instruments
A pt is going home with a long-term IV catheter. The pt is allergic to seafood. WHich antiseptic is contraindicated? povidone-iodine (betadine)
b/4 you start antibotics on a pt what should you do? take cultures of pt (blood cultures x2, 15 mins apart)
Sulfonamides, Penicillins, Cephalosporins, Macrolides, Quinolones, Aminoglycosides, tetracyclines, others antibiotics classes
Bactericidal kill bacteria
inhibit growth of susceptible bacteria, rather than killing them immediately; will eventually lead to bacterial death bacteriostiatic
one of the first groups of antibiotics sulfonamides
sulfonamides effects body systems, integumentary, gi, other
Prevention and treatmetn of infections caused by susceptible bacteris, such as: gram-positive bacteria and staphylococcus spp. penicillins: indications
iv or im cefazolin (ancefand kefzol)
po cephalexin (keflex)
ceftriaxone (rocephin): IV and IM, long half-life, once-a-day dosing, elimination is primarily hepatic, easily passes meninges and duffused into CSF to treat CNS infections: can bring grown man to his knees Cephalosporings: 3rd gen
Related to Penicillins *need to know is pt is allergic to penicillin* Cephalosporins
*teaching is important* Carbapenems
anyone with an immune system breakdown will be septic to this macrolides
*DONT take when preg.* causes teeth to turn brown, crosses over your blood brain barrier tetracyclines
tell pt to cut down on dairy products tetracyclines
syndrome inhibiting ADH SIADH
it is ESSENTIAL to obtain cultures form appropriate sites BEFORE... antiboiotic therapy
What are the most adverse effects of antibiotics nausea, vomiting and diarrhea
Take oral doses with... water (not juices)
avoid milk products, iron preparations, antiacids, and other dairy products b/c of the chelation and drug-binding that occurs tetracyclines
when reviewing the mediation orders for a pt who is taking pcn, the notes that a drug interaction may occur with which drug NSAIDs
during drug therapy for pneumonia, a female pt develops a superinfection. The nurse explains that this infection is caused by: large doses of antibiotics that kill normal flora
Created by: 515284406