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HS Global Study Note

Study for 3rd Test

QuestionAnswer
Anemia Low level of hemoglobin in the blood, as evidenced by a reduced quality or quantity of red blood cells
Body mass index (BMI) Body weight in kilograms divded by height in meters squared
Iodine deficiency disorders (IDDs) The spectrum, of IDD includes goiter, hypothyroidism, impaired mental function, still births, abortions, congenital anomalies, and neurological cretinism.
Low brithweight Birthweight less than 2500 grmas
Malnutrition Various forms of poor nutritio. Underweight, stunting and overweight as well as micronutrient deficiencies, are forms of malnutrition
Obesity Excessive body fat content; commonly measured by BMI. The international reference for classifying an individual as obese is a BMI greater than 30.
Overweight Excess bdoy fat content; commonly measured by BMI. The international reference for adults is as follows 25-29 (overweight), 30-40 (obese) and over
Stunting failure to reach linear growth potential because of inadequate nutrition or poor health. Stunting is meausred as height for age 2 z-scores below reference.
Undernutrition Poor nutrition. The three monst commonly used indexes for child undernutrition are hight-for-age, weight-for-age, and weight-for-height. Adults, BMI less than 18.5
Vitamin A deficiency Tissue concentrations of vitamin A low enough to have adverse health consequences such as increased morbidity and mortality, poor reproductive health, and slowed growth and development, even if there is no clinical deficiency.
Wasting Weight, meausred in kilograms, divded by height in meters squared, that is 2 z-scores below the international reference.
Z-score Stat term, meaning the deviation of an individuals value from the median value of a reference population, divided by the standard deviation of the reference population.
Factors in Food Acquisition Access to land. Ability to produce food for those living in rural areas. Ability to purchase food. Social position. Gender (women and children get less food)
Direct Causes of Malnutrition Food availibility and utilization. Disease prevention. Quality of maternal and child care.
Underlying Causes of Malnutrition Inadequate access to food. Poor health services and environment. Inadequate care for children and women
Basic causes of Malnutrition Inadequate education. Resources and control. Political and Economic structures.
Protein Proper growth of children and immune functions
Vitamin A Proper immune function and prevention of xerophtalmia
Iodine Prevent iron defiency anemia, prevent low birthweight and premature babies
Zinc Promote growth, immune function and cog. development.
Obstetric Fistula A hole in an epithelial wall of the vagina that can lead to leaking from either the bladder on the rectum
Cause of Obstetric Fistula During or after delayed childbirth, sexual trauma, rape
asphyxia severely deficient oxygen supply
diahhrea frequent and watery bowel movements
hookworm parasite that lives in the intestines of the host
malaria disease of human caused by blood parasites, anopheline mosquitos
pertussis contagious bacterial disease that is one of the leading cauess of vaccine preventable deaths
pneumonia inflammation caused by sever infection, leading to a systematic inflammatory response
sepsis sever infmation
tetanus severe infection through a puncture wound with an unclean object
Created by: 1357410185