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Vital signs MT I

Average normal temperature for adults 98.6 degrees Fahrenheit or 37 degrees Celsius
Temperature How much heat is in the body measures in degrees
Pulse How fast the heart beats
Respiration How often a person breaths in and out in a minute
Average normal pulse rate for an adult 72 beats per minute
Average normal respiration rate for an adult 16 breaths per minute
Blood pressure How much effort the heart is exerting to circulate the blood
Average normal blood pressure for an adult 120/80
Celsius or Centigrade A scale used to measure temperature in which the freezing point of water is 0 degrees and the boiling point is 100 degrees
Fahrenheit A scale used to measure temperature in which 32 degrees is the freezing point of water and 212 degrees is the boiling point
Axillary temperature The temperature reading obtained by placing the thermometer in the patient's axilla
Oral temperature The temperature reading obtained by placing the thermometer in the patient's mouth under their tongue
Rectal temperature The temperature reading obtained by placing the thermometer in the patient's rectum
Lubricant A material which reduces the rubbing of two surfaces; decreases friction.
Sheath A case or covering
Pyrexia A temperature usually above 100 degrees Fahrenheit; a fever
Antiseptic A solution or substance which prevents organisms (germs) from growing
Hyperpyrexia A high temperature of 105 degrees Fahrenheit or more
Constant fever One that does not vary more than 2 degrees Celsius, but the temperature does not come down to normal during the day
Intermittent fever Showa large variations far above and below normal during the same day
Remittent fever One in which changes may be wider than 2 degrees Celcius, but does not come down to normal
Febrile With an elevated temperature
Antipyretic Of or pertaining to a substance or procedure that reduces a fever
Thermometer Instrument used to measure body temperature
Pulse rate Indicates the number of times the heart beats in one minute
Arrhythmia Any variation from normal rhythm
Bradycardia Abnormally slow pulse
Tachycardia Abnormally fast heartbeat
Pulsation A rhythmic beat
Pulse rhythm The spacing of the beats
Pulse deficit Diffeerence between apical and radial pulse
Apical pulse Pulse measured at the apex of the heart using a stethoscope
Rhythm Refers to the regularity of the beats
Tension Refers to the force against the arterial walls and is described as high or low
Pulse The alternate expansion (rise) and recoil (fall) of an artery as the wave of blood is forced through it by the contraction of the heart
Intermittent pulse One in which a beat is dropped occasionally at regular or irregular intervals
Apnea A period of no respirations
Dyspnea Difficult or labored breathing
Cheyne-Stokes Periods of labored respirations followed by apnea
Blood pressure The pressure the blood exerts against the walls of the vessels in which it is contained
Systolic pressure The greatest pressure that the contration of the heart causes
Diastolic pressure The lowest pressure that occurs between the contraction of the ventricles (relaxing phase)
Pulse pressure The difference between the systolic and diastolic pressure
Hypertension Abnormally high blood pressure
Hypotension Abnormally low blood pressure
Sphygmomanometer The instrument used to measure blood pressure
Deflate To release the air
Diastolic reading Bottom reading; last beat heard when taking blood pressure
Gauge An instrument which measures, using a dial or scale
Inflate To fill with air; pump up
Systolic reading Top reading; first beat heard when taking a blood pressure
Palpate To feel or touch
Palpatory pressure Pressure felt before taking blood pressure
Aneroid syphgmomanometer Device used for measuring blood pressure; shown on a dial indicator
Mercury syphgmomanometer Device used for measuring blood pressure; shown on a vertical scale
Created by: sandra.whiteside