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word list

QuestionAnswer
agonist The muscle that produces movement.
antagonist The muscle that relaxes in order to allow a movement.
appendicular skeleton Consists of bones of the shoulders, hips, upper and lower extremities.
arthritis Infammation of the joints.
arthrodesis Fusion/stablitization or binding of a joint.
arthroscopy Visual examination of a joint.
articular Pertaining to the rounded end of a bone.
atlas The first cervical vertebra which supports the skull.
axial skeleton Consists of the bones of the skull, thorax, and vertebral column.
axis The second cervical bertebra which provides rotation of the skull.
bones Principal organs of support and protection in the body.
bone marrow Found within large bones; responsible for the production of blood cells.
carpal Pertaining to the wrist.
carpal tunnel syndrome Soreness and weakness to the muscles of the thumb caused by pressure on the medial nerve.
cervical vertebrae The seven vertebrae that form the skeletal framework of the neck.
coccyx The tail of the vertebral column consisting of four or five fused vertebrae (tailbone)
compact bone Hard, outer layer of bone.
condyle a rounded process at the end of a bone that forms an articulation.
CDH Congenital ( not at birth) dislocation of the hip.
crepitation Dry grating sound or sensation caused by bone ends rubbing together.
crest A type of bone process that has a large ridge shape.
diaphysis The shaft or long main portion of the bone.
epiphysis The end or extremity of the bone.
exacerbation Incerease in sensitivity of a disease or any of its symptomes.
Fasicle A bundle of muscle fibers.
Femorotibial Pertaining to the femur and the tibia (lower leg bone)
flat bones Provide a broad surface for muscular attachment and protection for the internal organs.(pelvic bone)
foramen An opening in the bone for passage of blood vessels and nerves.
fracture The breakage of a bone due to trauma or disease.
gluteus maximus The large muscle of the buttocks.
ilium The lateral flaring portion of the hip bone; upper of three parts of the hip bone.
intervertebral disks Rounded structures with gelatinous mass in the center that seperates the vertebrae.
IM Intrmuscular
involuntary That which occurs with no discretionary control. Usually a visceral muscle ( heart action or peristalsis)
irregular bones All other bones that cannot be grouped under other headings.
ischium The lower part of the hip bone.
joints The place at which two bones meet.
kyphosis An exaggerated outward curvature of the thoracic vertebrae.
laminectomy Excision of the lamina to gain access to the spinal cord to remove tumors, etc. the large muscle of the back.
latissimus dorsi the large muscle of the back.
ligaments Band of connective tissue that connects bone to bone.
long bones Found in extremities of the body.
lordosis Abnormal inward curvature of the spine.
lumbar vertebrae The five vertebrae situated in the lower back which carry most of the weight of the torso.
metacarpectomy excision of the bones in the hand.
muscles Structures that contract providing movement of the bone.
muscular tissue Refers to all the contractile tissue of the body; two main types are voluntary and involuntary
musculoskeletal system Consists of bones, joints, and muscles, which provide the body with support, protection, and the ability to move.
myelocele hernia in the spinal cord
open reduction Surgical repair of a fracture with manipulation and insertion of a plate, screw, or nail.
osteoclasis To break a bone for therapeutic purposes.
osteoblasts A cell in the bone marrow which producese bone.
osteoclast a cell in the bone marrow that reabsorbs bone.
osteoma A bone tumor
Osteoporosis Bone pores or cavities resulting from a decrase in bone density.
paraplegia paralysis of lower spine, lower portion of the trunk and both legs.
patellapexy Surgical fixation of the kneecap.
pelvimetry measurment of the pelvis.
pelvis basin-shaped structure that supports the sigmoid colon, rectum, bladder and other soft organs of the abdominopelvic cavity.
periosteum A dense fibrous membrane that covers the surface of the bone and contains blood vessels, lymphs and nerves.
phalangeal Pertaining to the fingers and toes.
podiatry Foot treatment.
pubis The third portion of the hipbone that is situated in front of the bladder.
quadriplegia Paralysis of the uper spine, all four extremities.
ribs A series of twelve pairs of curved bones attached to the vertebral column which provides protection for internal organs.
rickets A medical condition caused by lack of vitamin D.
sacrum The five sacral vertebrae which are fused into a single bone.
scoliosis Abnormal lateral curvature of the spine.
short bones Bones that are as wide as they are long. (ankles,wrists)
sinus A bone cavity.
spina bifida A genetic disorder that results in malformation of the spine due to imperfect joining of the bertebrae.
sternocleidomastoid A muscle of the chest arising from the sternum and inner part of the clavicle.
sternum Breast bone/chest place.
subluxation A partial or incomplete dislocation.
substernal Pertaining to under the sternum.
synarthroses immovable joints.
syndactylism Condition of fingers and toes being joined together.
talipes Any deformity of the foot, especially those occuring congenitally, such as club foot.
tendon A strap composed of connective tissue that joins muscle to bone.
thoracic vertebrae The twelve vertebrae which support the chest and serves as a point of articulation for the ribs.
thorax The chest area
torticollis stiff neck caused by spasmodic contraction of the neck muscle.
trochanter A very large bony projection.
tubercle A small, rounded elevation from the surface of a bone.
tuberosity A large, rounded elevation from the surface of a bone.
vertebrae The twenty-six bones which make up the adult vertebral column.
voluntary That which is done with control. Usually a straited muscle such as the bicepts. (walking, blinking)
Created by: cassie89