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First Aid Quiz

Ch. 3 and 4

QuestionAnswer
When entering a scene determine... If it is safe to enter
When giving CPR first check Airway, breathing, and circulation
When dealing with blood control severe bleeding
If a poisoning has occured try to determine the source of it
Do not move a victim unless his or her life is in danger by leaving them where they are
When a student is hurt send a student to get help or use your cell phone to call 911
Do not attempt procedures you are not qualified to do
When calling emergency medical services give the location of emergency including the specific address
When calling emergency medical services give the exact phone number being used to make the call
When calling emergency medical services give the name of the individual initiating the call
When calling emergency medical services give the exact nature of what happend
When calling emergency medical services give the number, age and condition of each victim
When calling emergency medical services give what is currently being done to aid each victim
After the priorities of attending to the emergency situation tell the child a reason for each thing you do It is important to provide encouragement and reassurance
After the priorities of attending to the emergency situation move other students away from the scene to protect from confusion and promote calm
After the priorities of attending to the emergency situation help the child maintain a normal body temperature. Shade or cool towels for heat and blankets or coats for cold weather
Texas is one of the 40 states that has a Good Samaritan Law
Nor person who administers first aid in good gaith is liable for civil damages unless such acts are willfully or deliberately negligent. if you are not a trained medical person who receives pay for such services, you cannot be held responsible if complications arise. the worst thing you can do is nothing.
Damages outer layer of skin, little or no bleeding but may become infected Scrape (abrasion)
Can damage nerces and large blood vessels and produce heavy bleeding Cut (incision)
Made when a pointed object pierces the skin. Potential for internal bleeding and inflection. Do not remove a large object or if the object is deep Puncture
A body part is severed from the body send the severed part to the hospital packed in ice avulsion
1st step in first aid for open wounds Place a clean thick cloth over the wound
2nd step in first aid for open wounds Use the palm of your hand and press firmly. If blood soaks through, place additional layers of cloth over the first
3rd step in first aid for open wounds apply pressure until the bleeding stops
4th step in first aid for open wounds if the bleeding will not subside, use the pressure point technique
Use the heel of the hand to press the femoral artery in the abdomen against the hip bone or the crachial artery inside the upper arm against the arm bone Pressure Point Technique
Occurs when there is an inadequate supply of blood to the vital organs. Shock
confused behavior, very fast or slow pulse or beathing, trembling or weakness in arms and legs, pale or clammy skin or lips, bluish lips or fingernails, enlarged pupils Signs of shock
When treating shock keep the victim lying down
When treating shock help the victim maintain a normal body temperature
When treating shock never give them food or drink
When treating shock unless you suspect a head injury with the victim on their back, elevate the feet 8-12 inches above their head
Keep all potential cleaners and office supplies such as liquid paper locked up and out of reach of students
If poisoning is suspected look for and save the poisonous container
Call 911 and the Poison Control Center in case you can do something immediately
All poisons should not be vomited up for fear of burning the esophagus
When treating bee stings use a piece of cardboard or other flat sharp edged object and scrape against the stinger until you pull out the venom sac
When treating bee stings never use tweezers, they may rupture the venom sac
When treating bee stings wash the area thoroughly with soap and water
When treating bee stings if there is severe swelling send for immediate help. ice will reduce swelling
For your own family keep liquid Benadryll because it will reduce swelling but teachers cannot use it
Step one in treating nosebleeds Apply direct pressure by pressing on the bleeding nostril using the thumb and forefinger
Step two in treating nosebleeds Sit the victim down and lean the head forward to prevent blood from draining down the throat
Step three in treating nosebleeds Apply a cold towel to the face and nose
Step Four in treating nosebleeds if bleeding does not subside in 10 min, send for medical help
A stretching or tearing of ligament tissue around a joint Sprain
A tearing of muscle tissue Strain
Treatment for a strain or sprain RICE
R in RICE stands for Rest, stay off the affected area as much as possible
I in RICE stands for Ice, apply ice for 20 min 4 times a day for 24 hrs
C in RICE stands for Compression, wrap the injured area with an elastic bandage, don't cut off circulation
E in RICE stands for Elevation, raise the injured area above the heart
A temporary loss of consciousness brought on by a reduced supply of blood to the brain Fainting
Step 1 in treating fainting Lay them on their back
Step 2 in treating fainting Elevate the legs 8-12 inches
Step 3 in treating fainting Loosen any tight clothing
Step 4 in treating fainting Sponge the person's face with cool water
Superficial involves the top layer of skin 1st degree of burn
characterized by blisters 2nd degree of burn
destroys all layers of the skin, looks brown or black 3rd degree of burn
treatment for 1st degree burn use wet towels to cool the burn, apply aloe vera
treatment for 2nd degree burn soak in cool water or use wet towels
treatment for 3rd degree burn cover with dry sterile cloth to prevent infection
characterized by muscle, heavy sweating, headaches, and dizziness heat cramps
when treating heat cramp move the victim out of the heat
when treating heat cramps gently massage and stretch the muscle to relieve the spasm
when treating heat cramps give sips of commerical sports drink if available to replace sale and water
when treating heat cramps do not give salt tablets
3000 Americans choke to death each year
The universal distress signal for choking is clutching the neck
when preforming the heimlich manever press bottom of diafram to force air up to relieve
Step one when handling dental emergencies, if a tooth is knocked out Handle the tooth by the crown not the root
Step two when handling dental emergencies, if a tooth is knocked out Place in a glass or ziplock bag filled with water or milk
Step three when handling dental emergencies, if a tooth is knocked out Apply gauze to the wand and have the child bite down on it
Step four when handling dental emergencies, if a tooth is knocked out A dentist must be seen immediately
When treating fractures always keep the injured part from moving
When treating fractures never attempt to reset a bone
When treating fractures send for medical help immediately
When treating fractures keep the victim comfortable
When treating fractures be prepared to treat for shock
When treating fractures if a student must be moved splint the injured area
When treating eye injuries wash the chemical with plenty of water for 15 minutes
When treating eye injuries never remove an imbedded object, cover with a pad
When treating eye injuries do not allow child to rub their eye if a foreign object gets in the eye
When treating eye injuries a small foreign object on the eyelid or white part of the eye can be removed with a wet sterile gauze
a nervous system condition in which a seizure occurs epliepsy
may not even be notified by the teacher- lip smacking, fluttering of the eyelids, or glassy stare Petit Mal
the individual most likely will fall-muscle will tighten and relaz in jerking motion grand mal
may last from several seconds to 5 mins timing of grand mal
when dealing with seizures move hard or sharp objects away from the victim do not restrain or force anything between teeth
when dealing with seizures turn the victim on their side and place something soft under their head
when dealing with seizures after a seizure the child may be disoriented or fall asleep and loose bladder control
when dealing with seizures move other students to a different location until you can get the child to the clinic
CPR steps call, blow, and pump- check first for responsiveness
CPR method 2 breaths then 30 compressions
CPR method for child 2 mins of CPR before calling 911, lungs smaller, not as much oxygen
CPR method for child 1-8 only use hand
CPR method for an infant Cover both mouth and nose with your mouth, 30 compressions-only use 2 fingers, smaller breaths
When reporting abuse it must be reported orally or in writing within 48 hours
When reporting abuse reports can be made to child protective services, tx education agency, local or state law enforcement, texas dept. of protective and regulatory services
When reporting abuse school officials are prohibited from requiring the presence of a parent or school administrator during the interview
When reporting abuse school officials are prohibited from denying an investigator's request to interview a student at school
When reporting abuse school school officials may not be prosecuted for referrals regardless of outcomes
In a school setting referrals are made to the school nurse, counselor, and administrator
establishes that every school district have a school health advisory council senate bill 19
school health advisory council must be made up of teachers, students, business leaders, senior citizens, non profit organizations, administrators, health care professionals, law enforcement, and clergy
school district health advisory councle will recommend the number of hours for health education
school district health advisory council will design a health program to prevent obesity, cardivascular disease, and diabetes type 2
school district health advisory will recommend all couse materials realated to human sexuality
FMNV Food of minimal nutritional value
an elementary school campus may not serve or provide acces to fmnv at any time on school premises durin gthe school day
such food or beverages may not be sold or give away on school premises by any person
vending machines may be restocked with water, juices, or sports drinks not prohibited by this policy
students may bring fmnv from home as long as they do not sell or make these items available to other students
fmnv may not be made availble during field trips
parental permission does not relieve the school from compliance with fmnv
fruit needed by day 2 cups every day
eat a variety of foods
eat vegetables, fruits, and grain products
choose a diet low in fats, saturated fats, and cholesterol
choose a diet moderate in sugar and salt
balance the foody you eat with physical activity
if you drink alcoholic beverages do so in moderation
provide energy, buiild and repair body tissue and regulate body processes nutrients
body's preferred souce of energy carbohydrates
the second source of energy for the body, made up of building blocks called amino acids protein
your body can make 11 of the amino acids, but 9 must come from your diet found in fish, meat, poultry, eggs, milk, cheese, and yogurt
neccessary to build strong teeth, bones, skin, blood and tissue proteins
the last souce of energy the body will use is fat
a source of stored energy when more calories are consumed than the body needs body fat
fat carries vitamins a, d, e, and k into your blood
to calculate the amount of fat you need in your diet divide your ideal body weight in half
allow the body to absorb cholesterol which builds up the arteries saturated fats
helps move waste through your digestive system fiber
lack of fiber develops a risk of colon cancer
sodium, chlorine, and potassium are minerals called electrolytes
an in balance of electrolytes causes confused behavior and muscle cramps
water is the body's must essential nutrient your body is about 70 % water, most people need 10 cups or 5 glasses of water per day
vitamins are classified as fat soluble or water soluable
fat soluable vitamins A, D, E, and K
water solubable vitamins B and C
there is no scientific evidence that natural vitamins are more beneficial to the body than synthetic ones
Food labels include ingredients listing by weight in descending order
Food additives are listed and are added to lengthen storage life, give flavor or color, maintain texture, control acidity, help age goods such as cheese
Food labels ingredient listing ingredients are listed by weight in descending order
food additivies are listed and are added to lengthen storage life, give flavor or color, maintain texture, control acidity, help age foods such as cheese
food additives enriched nutrients lost in processing are added back in
food additives fortified adds nutrients not normally present in that food, vitamin d
to check to see if an additive is safe check with the usda's list of gras
gras generally recognized as safe
calories have been reduced by 1/3 and fat by 1/2 light
product can contain no amount or only a negligible amount of fat, salt, sugars, or calories free
raw, unprocessed and have never been frozen or heated fresh
used only for meat and poultry, minimally processed with no artifical or synthetic ingredients natural
must contain 3 grams of fat or less per serving low fat
must contain no more than 120 calories low calorie
Allows you to compare how much you pay per ounce or pound as compared to another brand unit pricing
last date you should use a product expiration date
last date a food is thought to be fresh freshness date
last date that product should be sold although it can be stored past this date sell date
stop smoking, control your weight, maintain a high fiber low fat diet, if you drink alcohol, do so moderately, use a sunscreen with an SPF rating of 15 or higher, avoid tanning beds Ways to Prevent cancer
Is one half unlike the other Asymmetry
Does it have an uneven, scallored edge rather than a clearly defined border Border
is the color uniform or does it vary from one area to another from tan to brown to black Color Variation
larger than 1/4 inch Diameter
Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills TEKS
Asymmetry, Border Irregularity, Color Variation, Diameter ABCD of Skin Cancer
Created by: rahenson