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LPT cardio

QuestionAnswer
anemia any condition in which the oxygen carrying capacity of the blood is reduced
angina pectoris chest pain resulting from lack of oxygen in the heart
anticoagulant drug that inhibits or delays blood from clotting (Coumadin)
antihypertensive drug that lowers high blood pressure
antiplatelets drug that suppresses platelet aggregation and prevents blood clots (thrombosis) (Plavix & ASA)
antilipemic drug that lowers the level of lipid (cholesterol) in the blood (Lipitor)
ateriosclerosis thickening of the walls of arteries with a loss of elasticity and ability to contract
artery blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart
atherosclerosis accumulation of cholesterol on the walls of the arteries
bradycardia slow heartbeat, less than 60/min
capillary smallest vessels connecting arteries and vein, where oxygen and carbon dioxide exchange takes place
cardiac glycocide drug that strengthens the heart contraction, slows the heart (digoxin)
cyanosis bluish color of skin due to lack of oxygen
diuretic drug that reduces fluid volume in the body by stimulating urine flow (lasix)
dyspnea labored or difficult breathing common with edema from CHF
dysrhythmia abnormal heart rythmn
edema abnormal accumulation of fluids in the interstitial tissue, common with CHF
ECG electrocardiogram showing the spread of electrical exitation to different parts of the heart
embolus small amount of fat, air or a blood clot that circulates in the blood until it lodges in a blood vessel
endocardium innermost layer of the heart
fibrillate to quiver or contract spontaneously, causing ineffective contractions of the heart.
hematinic drug that increases the hemoglobin content in the blood. Iron replacement such as Feosol
hemoglobin iron containing substance found on RBC that Oxygen attachs to.
hemoptysis coughing up blood often associated with CHF
hypercholesterolemia high cholesterol level. Total over 200, Normal range would be LDL under 100 and HDL over 40.
hypertension high blood pressure Systolic over 140 mm Hg, and diastolic over 90 mm Hg
hypotension low blood pressure. Systolic below 90 mm Hg. Life threatening when associated with shock
leukemia general term to describe a group of malignant conditions affecting blood forming tissues of the bone marrow, lymph system and spleen
myocardial infarction MI, "heart attack" or death to part of the heart muscle due to lack of oxygen
myocardium the heart muscle
orthostatic hypotension a condition of low blood pressure that occurs when a person rises from a sitting or lying position. Sx dizzy, faint, may pass out
Average pulse rate 60-100 beat per minute
leukocytes white blood cells, fight infection
Called the silent killer hypertension
The average adult blood pressure is 120/70 mm Hg
What kind of diet does a patient with cardiovascular disease have low salt, low cholesterol
Shock is defined as a collapse of the circulation due to injury, severe blood loss, surger, or allergic reaction
CHF is: congestive heart failure a condition in which the blood backs up from the heart into the veins and vital organs, causing swelling and edema
The maintenance dose is: the dose given regularly to keep up the level of a drug in the blood
T/F Patients taking anticoagulants must have regular blood test to adjust the dose T
Nitroglycerin is a vasodilator
Before giving Digoxin to a person you should: take his apical pulse x 1min and chart it. Do not give if pulse is under 60.
pericardium sac that encases the heart
phlebitis inflammation of a vein
platelets cells that aid in blood clotting
tachycardia rapid heartbeat (more than 100/minute)
thrombolytic drug that is capable of dissolving blood clots (only used in hospitals)
thrombophlebitis inflammation of a vein blocked by a thrombus (clot)
vasodilator drug that expands blood vessel, used to treat angina pectoris and hypertension (nitroglycerin)
ventricular fibrillation: no organized heart rhythm that result in heart quivering and imminent death if not treated.
symptoms of shock: hypotension, high pulse rate, pale clammy skin, mental confusion
Antilipemics reduce LDL, increase HDL and are also know as statins
Two common anti-platelet med are Plavix & ASA
A person taking Lasix will probably need a supplement of potassium
Beta blockers such as Inderal and nadolol need what before administering Pulse taken for 1 minute, do not administer if pulse is 60 and below
Potassium sparing means: the drug will not remove existing potassium from the body
An unusual symptom of digitalis toxcity is: yellow green halos around images, blurred vision
Foods high in potassium are: bananas and potatoes
Created by: LPT Program