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LPT All medications

LPT all medications

QuestionAnswer
Antihyperuricemics are used for: gout (against high uric acid)Antiarthritics are used for
Antiarthritics are used for arthritis, supresses inflammation in the joint
Alendronate (Fosamax) and risedronate (Actonel) are used for prevention of osteoporosis
Two main side-effects of Fosamax and Actonel are: GI distress and esophageal ulcer
A major consideration for administering Fosamax and Actonel you need to be in an upright position for 1 hour after taking
T/F Patients taking anti-gout medication should be placed on fluid restrictions False, need to drink large amounts of fluids to help wash away the uric acid
The main side-effect of antiarthritics you should be alert to is gastrointestinal upset
carisoprodol (Soma) and cyclobenzaprine (Flexeril) are types of muscle relaxants
Oral corticosteroids are sometimes given to reduce inflammation in rheumatoid arthritis, What side effects limit their usefulness bone thinning, peptic ulcer, psychological changes
A common oral corticosteroid is prednisone
Corticosteroids can be injected into joint and tentons to reduce inflammation
Ringing in the ears is called and is considered an overdose of aspirin tinnitis
The main side-effect of antiarthritics you should be alert for is gastrointestinal upset
carisoprodol (Soma) and cyclobenzaprine (Flexeril) are types of muscle relaxants
Oral corticosteroids are sometimes given reduce inflammation in rheumatoid arthritis. What side-effects limits their usefulness bone thinning, peptic ulcers, psychological changes
People who have a history of ulcers, bleeding disorders or allergies to aspirin should also use caution with which other drug classification anti-inflammatory
Aspirin should not be used by children because this could put them at risk for Reyes syndrome
NSAID is nonsteriodal anti-inflammatory drugs
Two common OTC (Over The Counter) NSAID's are ibuprofen (Motrin), naproxen (Naprosyn)
Tylenol is most commonly used for fever (antipyretic) and pain (analgesic)
NSAID are used for (analgesic), fever (antipyretic)inflammation (anti-inflammatory)
You can use milk to avoid GI distress when giving NSAID True, milk is considered food
Celebrex is used for rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis
Two cautions for using Celebrex are care with GI bleeds and underlying cardiovascular disease (can increase HBP, increase heart rate (tachycardia), and heart palpitations
Common side effects of muscle relaxants are fatigue, lethargy and sedation
Glucophage (Metformin) Oral antidiabetic-helps your body use insulin more efficiently
Chlorpropamide (Diabinase) oral antidiabetic-helps your pancreas make more insulin (SE-hypoglycemia)
Miglitol (Glycet) oral antidiabetic-helps slow rise of glucose by slowing breakdown of carbs (SE-flatulence, diarrhea)
Humalog Really fast acting insulin 5-20 min, given before meals
Humulin R, Semelente Fast acting insulin, 1/2 to 1 hour, given before meals
NPH, Humulin N, Lente intermediate acting insulin 8-28 hours
Ultralente Long acting insulin
Methylprednisolone steroid, for severe inflammation, immunosupression, inject into joints
Flonase steroid, nasal spray for allergies, inhalent for asthma
Hydrocortisone Steroid, topical or injectable
Synthroid thyroid replacement medication, take at same time every day
Sitagliptin phosphate insulin release,(SE-nausea, diarrhea, Stevens Johnson Syndrome)
Coumadin anticoagulant drug that inhibits or delays blood from clotting
Nitroglycerin vasodilator used for angina pectoris. sublingual, ointment, or patch
Verapamil (Calan) calcium channel blocker used for angina, HBP, tachycardia, fibrillations
Digoxin cardiac glycoside used for CHF, arrhythmias. slows and strengthens HR. Watch for toxcity, blood levels, take pulse before administering
Lopressor antihypertensive for HBP
Vasotec antihypertentive for HBP
Lasix diuretic for edema associated with CHF, observe for low potassium, hypokalemia
Lipitor antilipemics, used for high cholesterol. Decrease LDL, increase HDL
Coumadin anticoagulant used for thrombus, pulmonary embolism, phlebities, coronary occusion. Watch for hemmorhage, brusing
Plavix antiplatelet reduces myocardial infarction when atherosclerosis is present
Miconazole, or Monistat is used to treat vaginal ____________ infections Yeast
Flagyl is used to treat Trichomoniasis which is this type of infection parasitic
Acyclovir is used to prevent or lessen the severity of this type of outbreak Herpes
Drug given to relieve symptoms of menopause such as hot flashes Estrogen
Drug that timulates contraction of the uterus Pitocin
For what side effect do we sometimes administer atropine sulfate, an eye drop, dry mouth
latanoprost (Xalatan) and timolol maleate (Timoptic-XE)are used to treat: glaucoma
Cortisporin Otic drops would be used to treat an: ear infection
Drugs that DECREASE intraocular pressure treat what glaucoma
Created by: LPT Program