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LPT muscle skeletal

QuestionAnswer
atrophy means wasting away of muscles
antihyperuricemic are used for gout (against high uric acid)
Myalgia is muscle pain
aplastic anemia is a bone marrow disorder
T/F Lack of estrogen is a factor in the development of osteoporosis true
Foods high in calcium are dairy products, fish such as sardines, green leafy veg such as broccoli and spinach
antiarthritics are used for arthritis, suppresses inflammation in the joint
antispasmotics are used for muscle spasms
contractures are abnormal permanent shortening of muscles
ligaments connect bone to bone
tendons connect muscle to bone
osteomyelitis is bone infection
Alendronate (Fosamax) and risedronate (Actonel) are used for prevention of osteoporosis
Two main side effects of Fosamax and Actonel GI distress and esophageal ulcer
A major consideration for administering Fosamax and Actonel you need to be in an upright position for 30-60 minutes after taking
T/F Patients taking anti-gout medication should be placed on fluid restrictions False, need to drink large amounts of fluids to help wash away the uric acid
T/F muscle atrophy can result from prolonged bedrest True
T/F Osteoarthritis mainly affects the weight bearing joints True
Leukemia is overproduction of WBC
Red bone marrow produces WBC, RBC, and platelets
Ringing in the ears is called and is considered an overdose of aspirin tinnitis
The main side-effect of antiarthritics you should be alert for is gastrointestinal upset
carisoprodol (Soma) and cyclobenzaprine (Flexeril) are types of muscle relaxants
Joint pain and stiffness caused by wear and tear from bones rubbing together is known as osteoarthritis
Oral corticosteroids are sometimes given reduce inflammation in rheumatoid arthritis. What side-effects limits their usefulness bone thinning, peptic ulcers, psychological changes
People who have a history of ulcers, bleeding disorders or allergies to aspirin should also use caution with which other drug classification anti-inflammatory drugs
Aspirin should not be used by children because this could put them at risk for Reyes syndrome
If a person has bleeding in their stomach their stool is most likely to be black and tarry
Treatment for a strained muscle is RICE (rest, ice, compression, elevate)
Bone marrow depression may show up as a lack of platelets, WBC, RBC
Frequent infection, especially sore throat may indicate Leukocytopenia (decreaed WBC)
Weakness, pale skin, and dyspnea are symptoms of Erythrocytopenia (decreased RBC)
Bleeding from the gums, nose, or GI tract, or easy brusing are symptoms of Thrombocytopenia (decreased platelets)
NSAID is nonsteriodal anti-inflammatory drugs
Two common OTC (Over The Counter) NSAID's are ibuprofen (Motrin), naproxen (Naprosyn)
Tylenol is most commonly used for fever (antipyretic)and pain (analgesic)
NSAID are used for rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, pain (analgesic), fever (antipyretic)inflammation (anti-inflammatory)
You can use milk to avoid GI distress when giving NSAID True, milk is considered food
Celebrex is used for rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis
Two cautions for using Celebrex are care with GI bleeds and underlying cardiovascular disease (can increase HBP, increase heart rate (tachycardia), and heart palpitations
baclofen (lioresal) is an antispasmotic, used for spasticity and is commonly used for people at risk for severe contractures
Common side effects of muscle relaxants are fatigue, lethargy and sedation
A common oral corticosteroid is prednisone
Corticosteroids can be injected into joint and tentons to reduce inflammation
Created by: LPT Program