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Skeletal System01

Skeletal System

QuestionAnswer
Appendicular Skeleton forms the extremities -shoulder girdle -arm bones -leg bones -pelvic girdle
Axial Skeleton forms the trunk of the body -skull -spinal column -ribs -breastbone
Carpals bone of the wrists
Clavical collarbone
Cranium the spherical structure that surrounds and protects the brain. (8 bones of the head)
Diaphysis the shaft, or middle section of a long bone.
Endosteum Membrane that lines the medullary canal and keeps the yellow marrow intact.
Epiphysis Two extremities, or ends
Femur thigh bone of the leg; the longest and strongest bone in the body
Fibula outer and smaller bone of the lower leg "finito"
Fontanles "soft spots" allow for enlargement of the skull as brain growth occurs (new borns)
Foraming openings in bones that allow nerves and blood vessels to enter or leave the bone
Humerus upper arm bone
Joints areas where two or more bones join together
Ligaments fibrous tissue that connects bone to bone (helps hold the bones together)
Medullary Canal cavity in the diaphysis
Metacarpals bone of the hand between the wrist and each finger (5)
Metatarsals bone of the foot between the instep of each toe
Os Coxae the hip bone, formed by the union of the -ilium -ischium -pubis
Platella kneecap
Periosteum contains blood vessels, lymph vessels, and osteoblasts. Necessary for bone growth, repair nutrition
Phalanges toes, fingers
Red Marrow soft tissue in the epiphysis of long bones
Skeletal System made of organs called bones; a group of bones in the body
Ribs 12 pairs of ribs; also called costae; twelve pairs of narrow curved bones that surround the thoracic cavity
True Ribs first 7 attached directly to your sternum
False Ribs next 3 attached to the cartlidge of the ribs above
Floating Ribs (2) no attachment on the front of the body
Xiphoid Process the small piece of cartlidge at the bottom of the sternum
Diarthosis type of joint: freely movable ex. hinge joints of the elbow and knee
Amphiarthosis type of joint: slightly movable ex. attachment of the ribs to the thoraic vertabrae
Synarthrosis type of joint: immovable ex. cranium
Arthritis inflammation of the joints
Fracture crack or break in the bone
Osteomyelitis bone inflammation usually caused by a pathogenic organism
Osteoporosis softening of the bones
Sprain when a twisting action tears the ligament at a joint
Bursitis inflammation of the bursoe, small fluid-filled sacs surrounding the joints
Dislocation when a bone is forcibly displaced from a joint
Scoliosis a side-to-side, lateral, curvature of the spine
Radius long bone of the forearm, between the wrist and elbow (thumb side)
Scapula shoulder blade or bone
Sinuses cavity or airspace in a bone
Sternum breastbone
Suture surgical stitch used to join the edges of an incision or wound; also, an area where bones join or fuse together
Tarsals one of seven bones that forms the instep of the foot
Tibia inner and larger bone of the lower leg, between the knee and ankl
Ulna long bone in the forearm, between the wrist and elbow (pinky side)
Vertabrae Bones of the spinal column
Yellow Marrow soft tissue in the diaphysis of long bones
Created by: kim13