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Ch9 Obstetrics

Med Lang2 Ch9 Obstetrics PHCC

Gravid/o Pregnancy AKA gestation
cyes/i Pregnancy AKA gestation
cyes/o Pregnancy AKA gestation
Pregnancy or Gestation is the development of a fertilized ovum from conception to birth
Conception is a joining of an ovum and sperm
Conception is AKA fertilization
An ovum s a mature oocyte or egg cell
A sperm is called a spermatozoon
More than one spermatozoon is called spermatozoa
Spermatozoa are the male sex cells
Amni/o OR amnion/o Amnion
The amnion is the membranous sac that surrounds the embryo/ fetus
Amniocentesis Surgical puncture of the amnion
An amniocentesis is usually performed after 14 weeks gestation
Amniotic fluid will be aspirated and tested to detect genetic anomalies (abnormalities)
An embryo is a fertilized ovum for the first 8 weeks of gestation
Fet/o OR fet/i Fetus
The fetus is the fertilized ovum from the 9th week of gestation to birth
Fetography The process of recording a fetus
Fetography is AKA sonogram
Nat/o Birth or parturition (mother and fetus part ways)
Prenatal Pertaining to before birth
Par/o OR part/o Live births
Multiparous (multip) Pertaining to more than one viable birth
Viability refers to the ability of the fetus to live outside of the uterus
Multiparous women usually have shorter labor times
Omphal/o Umbilical cord or umbilicus
The umbilical cord connects the embryo/fetus to the placenta
The layperson calls the placenta the “afterbirth”
The placenta is the connection between the embryonic/fetal and maternal blood supplies
Maternal refers to the mother
Omphalitis Inflammation of the umbilical cord
Lact/o Milk
Lactogenic Pertaining to the production of milk (lactation)
Pelv/I OR pelv/o Pelvis
The pelvis is made up of three bones called the ilium, ischium, and pubis.
Pelvimetry The process of measuring the pelvis
Prim/i First
Primipara (primary) First viable birth
Pseudo/o False
Pseudocyesis False pregnancy (gestation)
Pylor/o Pyloric sphincter
The pyloric sphincter allows food to leave the stomach
A pyloric stenosis refers to a congenital narrowing of the pyloric sphincter causing an ileus
Congenital means you are born with the abnormality (anomaly)
An ileus is a bowel obstruction
Nulli- None
Nulliparous No viable births
Amnionitis Inflammation of the amnion
Dystocia A condition of difficult labor or delivery
Embryotocia Delivery of an embryo AKA spontaneous abortion or miscarriage
Toc/o Labor
Hysterorrhexis Rupture of a uterus
Salpingocyesis Pregnancy occurring in a fallopian tube AKA tubal pregnancy
Eptopic Out of place
Abortion Termination of pregnancy
Abruption placente (placental abruption) Premature separation of the placenta from the uterine wall
Placenta previa Abnormally low implantation of the placenta on the uterine wall
Tracheoesophageal fistula (congenital) Abnormal passageway between the trachea and the esophagus
Omphalocele Congenital Herniation of the intestine through the umbilicus
Esophageal atresia Congenital closure of part of the esophagus
Cleft lip (labia) and/or Palate Congenital split of a lip (labia) and/or roof of the oral cavity (palate)
A cleft is a fissure, crack, or groove
Palatopasty Surgical repair of a palate
Labioplasty Surgical repair of a lip (labia)
Amniotomy Surgical incision of the amnion
The layperson would say that the doctor “broke my water”
An amniotomy is performed to induce labor
Amnioscope Usually lighted instrument used to visualize the amniotic fluid and fetus
Amnioscopy Process of using a usually lighted instrument to view the amniotic fluid and fetus
Fetometry The process of measuring the fetus
Amniorrhea Discharge (escape) of amniotic fluid
Amniorrhexis Rupture of the amnion
Antepartum Pertaining to before birth (parturition)
Cyesis Pregnancy (gestation)
Cyesiology The study of pregnancy (gestation)
Embryogenic Pertaining to the creation of an embryo
Embyoid Resembling an embryo
Embryologist A specialist in embryology
Fetal Pertaining to a fetus
Gravida Pregnancy (gestation)
Gavida II means two pregnancies
Gravidopuerperal Pertaining to pregnancy (gestation) and puerperal
Puerperal means pertaining to immediately after birth (parturition)
Intrapartum Occurring during labor and birth (parturition)
Lactic Pertaining to milk
Lactorrhea The flow or discharge of milk (lactation)
Multigravida More than one pregnancy (gestation)
Natal Pertaining to birth (parturition)
Neonate Newborn (NB) for the first 4 weeks
Neonatology Branch of medicine that deals with the newborn
Infant The offspring from the 5th week to 1 year
Nulligravida No pregnancies
Para Birth (parturition) of a viable offspring
Gravida III para II means 3 pregnancies and 2 viable births
Gravida II para III means 2 pregnancies and 3 viable births
Identical twins occur when the fertilized ovum splits and the DNA is shared
Fraternal twins occur when a woman ovulates two ova which are fertilized
Ovulation is the expulsion of an ovum from an ovary
Postpartum Pertaining to after birth (parturition)
Primigravida First pregnancy (gestation)
Breech birth Parturition where the buttocks, feet, or knees emerge first
Lochia Vaginal discharge after birth (parturition)
Meconium First stool (black) of the neonate
Obstetrics (OB) Medical specialty dealing with gestation, childbirth, and puerperium
Puerperium Period of time covering six weeks after parturition
Premature infant Neonate before 37 weeks of gestation (pregnancy)
Contraception or Contraceptive Against conception
Isolette A transparent container where premature neonates are placed to receive warmth and O2
An isolette is AKA an “incubator”
Created by: Urania