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L&E Ch3

L&E Ch3 PHCC

QuestionAnswer
A forum is a court
cited (citation) a reference to a law
contract a legal obligation or agreement
a contract is also known as mutual assent
breach of contract violation of a legal obligation or agreement
violation of a legal obligation or agreement breach of contract
mutual assent is also known as a contract
a reference to a law is called a citation (cited)
void of no legal force or effect
synonyms for void include: invalid, nonbinding, annul, revoke, rescind, cancel
trial a venue where legal disputes are settled
criminal law crimes against the state punishable by a fine and/or incarceration and/or death
misdemeanor a crime less serious than a felony and punishable by imprisonment for less than 1 year and/or a fine
felony a crime more serious than a misdemeanor and punishable by imprisonment for more than one year or death
adversary an opponent
plaintiff one who brings court action against the defendant
defendant defends against the plaintiff’s allegations (accusations)
The district attorney (DA) is also known as the prosecuting attorney
The state refers to the citizens
deposition a written legal statement taken under oath AKA an affidavit
indictment a written legal accusation by a Grand Jury
subpoena (summons) a court ordered command to testify
A subpoena is also known as a summons
jurisdiction authority
venue a county or geographic area where a court may try a case
district court has jurisdiction for a small geographic area (Brooksville Courthouse)
superior court has jurisdiction over a large geographic area and tries more serious crimes
direct examination the first interrogation of a witness in court
cross examination the second interrogation of a witness in court
motion a legal application for a court ruling
beyond a reasonable doubt proven in a thorough convincing way
In a criminal case who has to prove guilt “beyond a reasonable doubt?” the District Attorney (DA)
burden of proof giving convincing legal proof
Who has the “burden of proving guilt” in a criminal case? The District Attorney (DA)
testimony evidence given by a witness
witness a person testifying under oath to what they have seen or heard
credible believable
Examples of credible witnesses include: 1. Clergy. 2. Police. 3. Strangers
jury a group of licensed drivers selected to evaluate evidence and render a verdict
evidence something that provides proof
forensics the investigation of crime scenes and the presentation of evidence at trial
preponderance of evidence more convincing evidence than your opponent
perjury a false statement under oath
sequester isolation of a jury to ensure impartiality
verdict a jury’s decision also known as a judgment or adjudication
A verdict is also known as a judgment or adjudication
In a criminal trial, how many of the jurors must agree in order to find the defendant guilty? All of them. It must be unanimous
If a unanimous decision cannot be reached, it is called a mistrial (hung jury)
A mistrial is also known as a hung jury
A hung jury is also known as a mistrial
mitigating make less severe because of fairness or mercy
intentional deliberate
wanton reckless disregard for another’s rights
What does the defendant in a criminal case have to prove for acquittal? reasonable doubt
culpable guilty
sanction a penalty also known as sentence, punishment, or retribution
a penalty also known as sentence, punishment, or retribution sanction
A sanction is also known as a penalty, sentence, punishment, or retribution
capital punishment execution
deterrence (deterrent) punishment designed to prevent crime
Examples of deterrence include: 3 strikes, capital punishment, DUI penalties, 10-20-life
reformation rehabilitation
appeal a new hearing
precedent a decision made by a judge that becomes law and applies to future cases
bench trial no jury, the judge decides the verdict (Judge Judy)
assault an attempt of threat to inflict bodily harm
battery illegal touching of another
false imprisonment unlawful restraint or confinement of one person by another
fraud a deliberate deception intended to produce unlawful gain
theft stealing property
larceny stealing, usually to convert to cash
robbery personal property stealing with physical injury or threat of injury
Examples of robbery include: mugging, liquor store hold up, bank robbery
burglary breaking and entering to commit a crime
malice to commit an intentional crime
murder killing intentionally
first degree murder premeditated killing
euthanasia merciful death to terminals or incurables
Euthanasia is legal in Oregon & Washington
manslaughter unpremeditated (accidental) killing
rape unlawful intercourse
statutory rape sexual relations with a minor
sodomy unnatural sexual acts
Sodomy includes oral sex, anal sex, and sex with animals.
conspiracy secret planning with another to commit an illegal act
accomplice one who participates with another in a criminal act
self defense right to protecting oneself reasonably from acts of violence or threat of violence
The most reasonable action is to call the police and/or escape if possible
Mutual assent is also known as a contract
Of no legal force or effect is called void, invalid, nonbinding, annul, revoke, rescind, cancel
A venue where legal disputes are settled is called a trial
Crimes against the state punishable by a fine and/or incarceration and/or death refers to criminal law
A crime less serious than a felony and punishable by imprisonment for less than 1 year and/or a fine is called a misdemeanor
A crime more serious than a misdemeanor and punishable by imprisonment for more than one year or death felony
An opponent is also known as an adversary
One who brings court action against the defendant is called the plaintiff
defends against the plaintiff’s allegations (accusations) defendant
a written legal statement taken under oath is called a subpoena or affidavit
A subpoena is also known as an affidavit
A written legal accusation by a Grand Jury is called an indictment
A court ordered command to testify is called a subpoena or summons
authority jurisdiction
A county or geographic area where a court may try a case is called venue
Has jurisdiction for a small geographic area (Brooksville Courthouse) district court
Has jurisdiction over a large geographic area and tries more serious crimes superior court
The first interrogation of a witness in court direct examination
a venue where legal disputes are settled trial
violation of a legal obligation or agreement breach of contract
mutual assent is AKA a contract
a legal obligation or agreement contract (mutual assent)
a reference to a law cited (citation)
The right to protecting oneself reasonably from acts of violence or threat of violence self defense
One who participates with another in a criminal act accomplice
Secret planning with another to commit an illegal act conspiracy
Unnatural sexual acts sodomy
Sexual relations with a minor statutory rape
Unlawful intercourse rape
A legal application for a court ruling is called a motion
Proven in a thorough convincing way beyond a reasonable doubt
Evidence given by a witness is called testimony
A person testifying under oath to what they have seen or heard is called a witness
believable credible
A group of licensed drivers selected to evaluate evidence and render a verdict jury
Something that provides proof is called evidence
The investigation of crime scenes and the presentation of evidence at trial is called forensics
More convincing evidence than your opponent is called a preponderance of evidence
A false statement under oath is called perjury
Isolation of a jury to ensure impartiality is called sequester
A jury’s decision also known as a judgment or adjudication verdict
Make less severe because of fairness or mercy is called mitigating
deliberate intentional
Reckless disregard for another’s rights wanton
To be found not guilty acquittal (acquit)
guilty culpable
A penalty also known as sentence, punishment, or retribution sanction
An execution is called ____________ punishment. capital
Punishment designed to prevent crime deterrence (deterrent)
rehabilitation reformation
A new hearing appeal
A decision made by a judge that becomes law and applies to future cases precedent
No jury, the judge decides the verdict bench trial
An attempt of threat to inflict bodily harm assault
Illegal touching of another battery
Unlawful restraint or confinement of one person by another false imprisonment
A deliberate deception intended to produce unlawful gain fraud
Stealing property theft
Stealing, usually to convert to cash larceny
personal property stealing with physical injury or threat of injury robbery
Breaking and entering to commit a crime burglary
To commit an intentional crime malice
Killing intentionally murder
Premeditated killing first degree murder
Merciful death to terminals or incurables euthanasia
Unpremeditated (accidental) killing manslaughter
Created by: Urania