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Reproduction Med Lg2

Reproduction Med Lg2 PHCC

QuestionAnswer
A PAP is performed to detect cervical malignancy
A biopsy (Bx) is a procedure commonly used to determine whether a tumor is malignant or benign
A fertilized ovum after 8 weeks of gestation is called a fetus
A fertilized ovum for the first eight weeks of gestation is called an embryo
A hydrocele is a collection of fluid in the scrotum
A myoma is a tumor or mass of the muscle layer (myometrium) of the uterus
tumor or mass of the muscle layer (myometrium) of the uterus is a myoma
A papilla is a nipple
A penile prosthesis is an artificial part used to correct erectile dysfunction (ED)
artificial part used to correct erectile dysfunction (ED) penile prosthesis
A prophylactic cover (sheath) for the penis during coitus is called a condom
A structure that stores spermatozoa is called an epididymis
A+P repair stands for anterior and posterior colporrhaphy
An opening is called a meatus, orifice, or os
An ovum is an egg
Aspiration means the creation of a suction to withdraw fluid
BPH stands for benign prostatic hypertrophy (hyperplasia)
benign prostatic hypertrophy (hyperplasia) BPH stands for
Bartholin’s adenitis inflammation of the Bartholin’s glands
Bilateral tubes or ducts that carry the ova from the ovaries to the uterus are called fallopian tubes (uterine tubes or oviducts)
fallopian tubes (uterine tubes or oviducts) Bilateral tubes or ducts that carry the ova from the ovaries to the uterus
Bx stands for biopsy
Ca stands for cancer or calcium
Cx stands for cervix or culture
D+C stands for dilatation (dilation) + curettage
DC or D/C stands for discontinue or discharge
DOB stands for date of birth
DRE stands for digital rectal exam
Development of the fertilized ovum in the uterus over nine months is called gestation (pregnancy)
gestation (pregnancy) Development of the fertilized ovum in the uterus over nine months
Douglas’ cul-de-sac is the area located between the posterior wall of the uterus and the rectum AKA the rectouterine pouch
Dx stand for diagnosis
ED stands for erectile dysfunction
Egg cells are called oocytes
Ejection of semen and/or spermatozoa from the male urethral meatus is called ejaculation
Erectile dysfunction (ED) is AKA impotence
GC refers to gonorrhea
GYN stands for gynecology
Genitalia refers to the male and female reproductive organs (genitals)
HSG stands for hysterosalpingogram
Halstead or radical mastectomy surgical removal of the breast tissue, papilla, underlying muscle, and lymph nodes
surgical removal of the breast tissue, papilla, underlying muscle, and lymph nodes Halstead or radical mastectomy
Impotence (erectile dysfunction) is the inability to achieve or maintain an erection
LMP stands for last menstrual period
Labiae are lips
Lactation means milk production
Mammoplasty designed to enhance the size of the breasts is called breast augmentation
Meatus means opening, orifice, or os
Mucous membranes produce mucus
One testicle is called a testis
Ova are eggs
PMS stands for premenstrual syndrome
Palpation means to feel
Pap test or Pap smear a cervical cytology test
Patent or patency means open
Predisposition means tendency
Prophylactic (prophylaxis) means preventative or protection
Purulent refers to pus
STD stands for sexually transmitted disease
Scanty means a deficient amount
Sloughing means shedding or discarding
TAH/BSO means surgical removal of the uterus, both ovaries, and both oviducts
surgical removal of the uterus, both ovaries, and both oviducts TAH/BSO
TAH/BSO stands for total abdominal hysterectomy/bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy
TUIP stands for transurethral incision of the prostate
TUMT stands for transurethral microwave thermotherapy
TURP stands for transurethral resection of the prostate
Testosterone is AKA androgen
The Bartholin’s glands are bilateral glands that produce mucus (lubrication) for coitus
The age when secondary sexual characteristics develop is called puberty
The area between the vaginal os (orifice, meatus) and the anus is called the perineum
The bilateral organs of lactation (milk production) are called breasts
The climax of sexual stimulation is called orgasm
The cyclic 28 day sloughing of the endometrium is called menstruation (menses)
The embryo/fetus gestates in the uterus
The enlarged tip of the penis is called the glans penis
The female external genitalia is called the vulva
The female sex hormone is called estrogen
The female external genitalia is called the vulva
The female sex hormone is called estrogen
The inability to produce offspring is called sterility (infertility)
The inner lining of the uterus is called the endometrium
The inner lining of the uterus is called the endometrium
The layperson would call a bilateral orchiectomy castration
The layperson would call the uterus the womb
The lips of the vagina are called the labia majora and labia minora
The liquid that mixes with spermatozoa is called semen
The male sex cells are called spermatozoa
The male sex hormone is called testosterone
The muscle layer of the uterus is called the myometrium
The neck or inferior portion of the uterus is called the cervix (Cx)
The peritoneum refers to the abdomen
The prepuce is the foreskin
The prostate gland creates semen
The seminal vesicles create semen
The sexual act is called coitus, copulation, or sexual intercourse
The superior portion of the uterus is called the fundus
The vaginal lining consists of mucous membranes
The vessel that carries urine, spermatozoa, and semen to the outside world is called the urethra
urethra is The vessel that carries urine, spermatozoa, and semen to the outside world
The vessels that carry spermatozoa from the epididymes to the urethra are called the vas deferens, ductus deferens, or seminal ducts
vas deferens, ductus deferens, or seminal ducts are The vessels that carry spermatozoa from the epididymes to the urethra
Vesicovaginal fistula refers to an abnormal passageway between the urinary bladder and the vagina
anastomosis means joining
andropathy disease condition of a testis
anorchism a condition of no testis
anteflexion forward position the normal uterus should be situated
forward position the normal uterus should be situated anteflexion
anterior and posterior colporrhaphy suturing the front and back of the vagina
suturing the front and back of the vagina anterior and posterior colporrhaphy
areola dark pigmented area around each papilla
dark pigmented area around each papilla areola
artificial insemination introduction of semen and spermatozoa into the vagina by artificial means
aspermia a condition of no spermatozoa
balanitis inflammation of the glans penis
balanocele herniation of the glans penis
balanoplasty surgical repair of the glans penis
balanorrhea purulent discharge (flow) from the glans penis
benign prostatic hypertrophy or benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) a non-malignant excessive development of the prostate
a non-malignant excessive development of the prostate benign prostatic hypertrophy or benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)
bilateral orchiectomy surgical removal of both testes
bilateral tubal ligation tying of the fallopian tubes to cause sterilization (infertility)
breast biopsy (Bx) obtaining a tissue sample from a breast lump
cautery (cauterization) burning tissue to destroy cells
cervicectomy excision of the cervix
cervicitis inflammation of the cervix
circumcision the process of making a surgical incision around the prepuce
coitus sexual intercourse AKA copulation
colpalgia a condition of vaginal pain
colpitis inflammation of the vagina
colpoperineorrhaphy suture of the vagina and perineum
colpoplasty surgical repair of the vagina
colporrhaphy suturing of the vagina
colposcope usually lighted instrument to view the vagina
cryosurgery freezing tissue to destroy cells
cryptorchidism condition of an undescended (hidden) testicle
culdocentesis surgical puncture of the Douglas’ cul-de-sac
culdoscope usually lighted instrument used to view Douglas’ cul-de-sac
culdoscopy process of viewing the Douglas’ cul-de-sac
digital rectal exam (DRE) digital palpation (of the prostate) through the rectal wall
dilatation (dilation) + curettage (D+C) scraping of the endometrium
dysmenorrhea difficult or painful menses (menstruation)
dyspareunia a condition of difficult or painful intercourse
endocervicitis inflammation of the inner lining of the cervix
endometritis inflammation of the inner lining of the uterus (endometrium)
epididymectomy surgical removal of an epididymis
epididymitis inflammation of an epididymis
episioperineoplasty surgical repair of the vulva and the perineum
episiorrhaphy suturing the vulva
episiotomy surgical incision of the vulva
epispadia urethral orifice is on the topside (dorsal side) of the penis
fistula abnormal passageway
gonads male and female sex glands consisting of the testes and ovaries
gynecologist specialist in the study of the female reproductive system
gynopathic pertaining to disease of the female reproductive system
hematosalpinx blood in a fallopian tube
heterosexual attraction to the opposite sex
homosexual attraction to the same sex
hydrocelectomy excision of a hydrocele
hydrosalpinx fluid (edema) in an oviduct
hypermenorrhea excessive discharge or flow of menses
hypospadia urethral meatus is on the underside (ventral side) of the penis
hysteratresia closure of the uterine cavity
hysterectomy excision of the uterus
hysteropexy surgical fixation of the uterus
hysteroptosis drooping or sagging (prolapse) of the uterus
hysterosalpingo-oophorectomy excision of the uterus, a fallopian tube, and an ovary
hysterosalpingogram (HSG) a record of the uterus and fallopian tubes
hysteroscope usually lighted instrument to view the uterus
hysteroscopy process of viewing the uterus
intrauterine pertaining to within the uterus
laparoscopy process of using a usually lighted instrument to view the abdomen or pelvic cavity
leukorrhea white discharge from the vagina
lumpectomy surgical removal of a lump
mammogram a record of a breast
mammography process of recording a breast
mammoplasty surgical repair of a breast
mammotome instrument to cut breast tissue
mastalgia a condition of breast pain
mastectomy surgical removal of a breast
mastitis inflammation of a breast
mastoptosis prolapse (drooping or sagging) of a breast
menarche (menarcheal) the beginning of the first menstruation cycle
menopause cessation of menstruation due to hormone (estrogen) insufficiency
menorrhea menstrual flow
metrorrhagia rapid flow from the uterus
modified radical mastectomy surgical removal of breast tissue, papilla, and lymph nodes
myomectomy excision of a myoma from the uterus
myometritis inflammation of the muscle layer of the uterus
oligomenorrhea scanty menstrual flow
oligospermia a condition of scanty spermatozoa
oophorectomy surgical removal of an ovary
oophoritis inflammation of an ovary
oophorosalpingectomy excision of an ovary and oviduct
orchidopexy, orchiopexy surgical fixation of a testis
orchiectomy, orchidectomy surgical removal of a testis
orchioepididymitis inflammation of a testis and epididymis
orchioplasty surgical repair of a testicle
orchiotomy, orchidotomy surgical incision of a testicle
orchitis inflammation of a testicle
ovarian pertaining to an ovary
penile implant a penile prosthesis
perimetritis inflammation of the outer layer of the uterus
perineorrhaphy suture of the perineum
phimosis narrowing (stenosis) of the preputial orifice
pregnancy is AKA gestation
premenstrual syndrome (PMS) physical and emotional symptoms occurring in the 10 days before menstruation
priapism condition of persistent abnormal erection
prostatectomy excision of the prostate
prostatic specific antigen (PSA) blood test to detect a predisposition for prostate malignancy
prostatitis inflammation of the prostate
prostatocystitis inflammation of the prostate and urinary bladder
prostatocystotomy surgical incision of the prostate and urinary bladder
prostatolith stone(s) in the prostate gland
prostatolithectomy surgical removal of a stone(s) from the prostate
prostatolithotomy surgical incision of the prostate to remove a stone
prostatorrhea discharge or flow from the prostate
prostatovesiculectomy excision of the prostate and a seminal vesicle
prostatovesiculitis inflammation of the prostate gland and a seminal vesicle
pyosalpinx pus in a uterine tube
salpingectomy surgical removal of the fallopian tube
salpingitis inflammation of a fallopian tube
salpingocele herniation of an oviduct
salpingostomy a new or artificial opening into a fallopian tube to restore patency
scanty means a deficient amount
scrotum an elastic sac that surrounds the testes
simple or total mastectomy surgical removal of breast tissue and papilla
sitz bath a warm water bath of the perineum used for healing and cleansing
sonohysterography process of recording the uterus by use of sound waves
speculum instrument for opening a body cavity to allow visual examination
spermatogenesis the creation of sperm (spermatozoa)
spermatolysis destruction of spermatozoa
subcutaneous mastectomy surgical removal of breast tissue
suprapubic prostatectomy excision of the prostate gland just above the pubis
testicular pertaining to a testicle (testis)
transrectal ultrasound sound waves across the rectum to get an image of the prostate
transurethral incision of the prostate (TUIP) pertaining to through the urethra to make an incision of the prostate
transurethral microwave thermotherapy (TUMT) pertaining to through the urethra to apply heat therapy from microwaves to the prostate
transurethral resection of the prostate (TUR or TURP) pertaining to through the urethra to cut back the prostate
transurethral pertaining to through the urethra
vaginitis inflammation of the vagina
vasectomy surgical removal of a vas deferens, ductus deferens, or seminal duct
vasovasostomy new opening (or joining) between sperm ducts (vas deferens) to restore fertility after a vasectomy
vesiculectomy surgical removal of a seminal vesicle
vulvectomy surgical removal of the vulva
vulvovaginal pertaining to the vulva and vagina
vulvovaginitis inflammation of the vulva and vagina
Created by: Urania