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Legal&Ethics ch9-12

Legal&Ethics ch9-12 PHCC

QuestionAnswer
Just cause An employer’s legal reason for firing an employee
Wrongful discharge Firing an employee without just cause
Discrimination Failure to treat all persons equally when there is no reasonable distinction between those favored and those unfavored
An employer’s legal reason for firing an employee Just cause
Firing an employee without just cause Wrongful discharge
there is no reasonable distinction between those favored and those unfavored Discrimination
Sexual Harassment Unwanted sexual attention from anyone the victim may interact with on the job where the victim’s response may be restrained by fear of reprisals
Unwanted sexual attention from anyone the victim may interact with on the job where the victim’s response may be restrained by fear of reprisals Sexual Harassment
Unwanted sexual attention from anyone the victim may interact with on the job where the victim’s response may be restrained by fear of reprisals
Sexual Harassment behaviors include: (4) 1.Verbal comments regarding sex 2.Subtle pressure for sexual activity 3.Leering 4.Unwanted touching such as pinching or patting
Affirmative action To provide preferential treatment to minorities who have been underutilized in the past.
To provide preferential treatment to minorities who have been underutilized in the past. Affirmative action
Federal Age Discrimination Act (FADA) Workers over the age of forty cannot be discriminated against because of age in any employment decisions
Workers over the age of forty cannot be discriminated against because of age in any employment decisions Federal Age Discrimination Act (FADA)
Fair Labor Standards Act Established the minimum wage, extra pay for overtime, and regulated the employment of minors.
Established the minimum wage, extra pay for overtime, and regulated the employment of minors. Fair Labor Standards Act
Equal Pay Act Requires equal pay for men and women doing the same work
Requires equal pay for men and women doing the same work Equal Pay Act
Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) The EEOC is the agency responsible for investigating job discrimination
The EEOC is the agency responsible for investigating job discrimination Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC)
It is legal for employers to ask perspective employees the following questions: (4) 1.Work experience 2.Education 3.Health 4.Criminal record
It is illegal for employers to ask perspective employees the following questions: (8) 1.Race 2.Religion 3.National Origin 4.Sexual orientation 5.Age 6.Marital status 7.Children 8.Pregnancy
Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) Requires employers of fifty or more people to provide up to twelve weeks unpaid leave each year
Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA)Requires employers of fifty or more people to provide up to twelve weeks unpaid leave each year for: (3) 1.Serious health condition of an employee 2.Serious health condition of a member of the employees immediate family. 3.Birth or adoption of a child
The employee seeking FMLA must have worked at least 1250 hours in the past year to be eligible
Baby boom generation Those between 1946 and 1964
Those between 1946 and 1964 Baby boom generation
Starting in 2011, how many baby boomers will turn 65 each day? 10,000
Social Security (SS) is funded by the Federal Insurance Contribution Act (FICA)
The standard deduction from your paycheck for FICA is 7.65%
Monetary benefits paid by Social Security (SS) include: (4) 1.Retirement (pension) 2.Disability benefits 3.Dependent’s (children) benefits 4.Survivor’s (spouse) benefits
Retirement benefits are based on the highest 35 years of earnings
The worker must be employed for at least 10 years from covered employment
The age at which eligibility for full retirement benefits occurs depends on DOB
Early retirement You may start receiving benefits as early as 62
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) Represents 100% of the country’s income for all goods and services
(GDP) Gross Domestic Product
(OSHA) Occupational Safety and Health Administration
OSHA is responsible for regulations and enforcement of safety and health in the workplace
OSHA’s Right to Know Laws (3) 1.Employees must be notified of all hazards in the workplace. 2.Employees must be educated to safely deal with the hazards. 3.Protective equipment must be provided when employees come in contact with the hazards.
1.Employees must be notified of all hazards in the workplace. 2.Employees must be educated to safely deal with the hazards. 3.Protective equipment must be provided when employees come in contact with the hazards. OSHA’s Right to Know Laws
Workers’ Compensation Insurance that reimburses employees for losses sustained due to work related injury or disease, regardless of fault
Workers' Compensation is insurance that reimburses employees for losses sustained due to work related injury or disease, regardless of fault
Workers’ Compensation is designed to cover losses that include:(3) 1.The cost of medical care 2.Lost income 3.Rehabilitation services
Worker Compensation is paid for by the employer
(FADA) Federal Age Discrimination Act
(EEOC) Equal Employment Opportunity Commission
(FMLA) Family and Medical Leave Act
(SS) Social Security
(FICA) Federal Insurance Contribution Act
Heredity The process by which organisms pass genetic traits to their offspring
Embryo A fertilized ovum for the first 8 weeks of gestation
Fetus The fertilized ovum from the 9th week of gestation to birth
Viable (viability) The ability of the fetus to survive outside of the uterus (21-22 weeks)
Abortion Termination of a pregnancy
Genes (genetics) Represent the blue print of how the body is constructed
This blueprint is also expressed as an abbreviation called DNA
Chromosomes Groups of genes
Amniocentesis A test for genetic abnormalities
Clone An organism genetically identical to the parent
Genetic engineering Manipulation of DNA to eliminate undesirable traits
Stem cells Cells that have the potential to become any type of body cell
Infertility The inability to produce offspring AKA sterility
In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) Fertilization that takes place outside a woman’s body
Artificial insemination Introduction of spermatozoa into the vagina by artificial means
Homologous artificial insemination The use of the husbands spermatozoa
Heterologous artificial insemination The use of donor spermatozoa
Surrogate mother A woman who agrees to carry a child to term for a couple, for a fee
Parens patriae The state is obligated to remove a child from the family if abuse or neglect is suspected
Safe haven laws Allows mothers to abandon newborns to designated safe facilities without penalties
Baby Doe Regulations If a life saving treatment is available for a minor, it must be provided
Exceptions for Baby Doe Regulations: (3) 1.The minor is chronically or irreversibly comatose. 2.The treatment would merely prolong dying. 3.The treatment is futile.
TBI Traumatic Brain Injury
EEG Electroencephalogram
Prognosis The predicted outcome of a disease
Coma Unconscious where the patient does not respond to stimuli
(PVS) Persistent Vegetative State
Persistent Vegetative State (PVS) Cessation of higher brain functions caused by damage to the cerebrum
Brain death Cerebral and brain stem functions cease
Terminally ill Patients who are expected to die within 6 months
Autonomy Independence
Hospice Care for terminally ill that focuses on pain relief, controlling symptoms, and emotional needs instead of targeting the underlying disease process
Palliative care Treating the symptoms but not curing
Euthanasia Physician assisted suicide AKA mercy killing
States where euthanasia is legal include: Oregon and Washington
(DNR) Do-Not-Resuscitate
Active euthanasia A conscious medical act that results in the death of a dying person
Passive euthanasia Allowing a dying patient to die naturally
Voluntary euthanasia A medical act ending dying patient’s life with their permission
Involuntary euthanasia A medical act ending a dying patients without their permission
Expired Died
Post mortem After death
Rigor mortis Stiffness that occurs in a dead body
Advance directive Document that specifies an Individual’s end-of-life wishes
Do-Not-Resuscitate (DNR)
Living will An advance directive stating that a person does not want to be kept alive by artificial means (heroic measures) when there is little expectation of recovery
Health care proxy An advance directive designating another to make medical decisions for you when you become mentally incapacitated
A health care proxy is AKA health care power of attorney OR durable power of attorney for healthcare OR healthcare surrogate.
Power of Attorney (POA) Authorized to act on someone else’s behalf in a legal or business matter
POA ends with the death of the grantor
Grantor One who gives legal authority
Grantee One who receives legal authority
The order of family priority is: (4) a.Spouse b.Oldest adult child c.Parents d.Oldest adult sibling
Mandatory Reports of Deaths (6) 1.Violent Deaths2.Deaths due to criminal abortion 3.Deaths occurring when the physician was not in attendance.4.Deaths of persons after unexplained comas.5.Medically unexpected deaths during the course of a therapeutic procedure.6.Deaths of prisoners at
It is not necessary to report a death if a patient is expected to die and their physician agrees to sign the death certificate.
The authority that deaths are reported to is called the medical examiner (ME) AKA coroner
Inquest An investigation by a coroner (ME) to determine the cause of death
The coroner (ME) will determine if an autopsy is to be performed
Autopsy The postmortem examination to determine cause of death (COD)
Harvest The removal of organs for transplantation
The Uniform Anatomical Gift Act The rules concerning organ donation (5) 1.The donor must be of sound mind and at least 18 years old. 2.Your relatives can donate your organs 3.The donation must go to a legitimate facility or cause.4.The documentation may be made by document. 5.The donor may change their mind at any time.
Stages of Death and Dying The stages of death and dying can occur to the person dying or the family and friends of the dying person
The 5 Stages of Death and Dying 1.Denial 2. Anger: directed towards medical prof. 3. Bargaining 4. Depression 5. Acceptance
Access The availability and affordability of health care
Pharmacogenomics The science that defines how individuals are genetically programmed to respond to drugs
Genometrics The science of how genes cause the expression of certain traits
Minimally invasive surgery Corrective surgical techniques that do not require large incisions into body cavities
Care for terminally ill that focuses on pain relief, controlling symptoms, and emotional needs instead of targeting the underlying disease process Hospice
Created by: Urania