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Integumentary Ch4

Integumentary Ch4 PHCC

Cuane/o Skin
Derm/o Skin
Dermat/o Skin
Subcutaneous Pertaining to under the skin
The abbreviations for subcutaneous include: subQ and subcu
Subcutaneous tissue is AKA the hypodermis
Dermititis Inflammation of the skin
Dermatologist Specialist in the study of the skin
Onych/o Nail
Ungu/o Nail
Onychocryptosis Abnormal condition of an ingrown (hidden) nail
Ungual Pertaining to a nail
Seb/o Sebum
Sebum is oil
Seborrhea Excessive flow of sebum (oil)
Trich/o Hair
Trichomycosis Abnormal condition of fungus in the hair
Be careful, the term trichomonas refers to a type of STD
Adip/o Fat
Lip/o Fat
Steat/o Fat
Adipose Pertaining to fat tissue
The suffix –ose also means sugar
Examples of sugars include: 1.Glucose 2.Sucrose 3.Dextrose 4.Lactose 5.Fructose 6.Maltose
Lipoid Resembling fat
Steatoma A fatty tumor or mass
Dermatoconiosis Abnormal condition of the skin caused by dust
Dermatofibroma Tumor or mass of the skin
Onychomalacia Softening of the nails
Onychomycosis Abnormal condition of a/the nail(s) caused by a fungus
Onychophagia Condition of nail eating or biting
Pachyderma Thick skin
Paronychia Condition of nail disease
Xeroderma Dry skin
Dermatoplasty Surgical repair of the skin
Dermatoautoplasty Surgical repair using one’s own skin
Dermatoheteroplasty Surgical repair using another’s skin
Onychectomy Excision of a nail
Rhytid/o Wrinkles
Rhytidectomy Surgical removal of wrinkles
Rhytidoplasty Surgical repair of wrinkles
Dermatome Instrument to cut skin
Epidermal Pertaining to the outer layer of skin (epidermis)
Hypodermic Pertaining to under the skin
Erythroderma Abnormal red skin color AKA erythema, erythematous OR rubeosis
Intradermal (ID) Pertaining to within the skin
Luekoderma White skin
Skin color is caused by a pigment called melanin
Necrosis (necrophiliac) Dead tissue
Gangrene (gangrenous) Putrefaction (rot)
Gangrene is caused by tissue necrosis and bacterial proliferation (putrefy).
Proliferation means growth in numbers
Percutaneous Pertaining to through the skin
PTCA Percutaneous Transluminal coronary angioplasty
Xanthoderma Yellow skin
Xanthrderma is AKA jaundice or icterus
Xanthroderma, jaundice, or icterus can be caused by excessive Hemolysis of erythrocytes (RBCs)
Hemolyzed erythrocytes are called bilirubin
A blood condition of excessive bilirubin is called hyperbilirubinemia
Lesion Any pathological change in structure or function
Alopecia Hair loss (baldness)
Aloplecia is a common side effect of chemotherapy
Cicatrix Scar
Ulcer An erosion of the skin or mucous membrane
Decubitus ulcer Bedsore or pressure ulcer
Decubitus ulcers commonly occur on bony prominences
Bony prominences are pressure points
Bony prominences include: (6) 1.Coccyx AKA tailbone. 2.Calcaneous AKA heel bone 3.Olecranon AKA elbow 4.Scapula AKA shoulder blade 5.Pelvic bones such as the ilium and ischium 6.Occipital bone located at the posterior base of the cranium (skull)
Ecchymosis (ecchymotic) Hematoma, contusion, or bruise Black and blue caused by bleeding under the skin
Pallor Paleness
Edema (edematous) Tissue swelling (accumulation of fluid)
Pitting edema Excessive fluid accumulation causing indentions after light palpation (memory foam)
Excessive fluid accumulation causing indentions after light palpation (memory foam) Pitting edema
Keloid A hypertrophied scar
Keloids are associated with surgery and 3rd degree burns
Leukoplakia White patches on oral mucous membranes
Leukoplakia is associated with a premalignant condition
Macule Flat usually erythematous lesion
Papule Solid skin elevation (raised)
Nevus Mole or birth mark
Nodule Large papule
Petechiae Pinpoint skin hemorrhage
Purpura A combination of ecchymosis and petechiae
Pustule A papule filled with pus
Abscess A collection of pus
Verruca(e) Wart(s)
Vesicle A papule filled with clear liquid
A vesicle is AKA blister, bulla or bleb
Abrasion Mechanical superficial damage to the skin AKA scrape
Mechanical superficial damage to the skin AKA scrape Abrasion
Excoriation (excoriate) Chemical superficial damage to the skin
An example of excoriation is diaper rash
Cellulitis Inflammation of the skin cells AKA dermatitis
Urticaria Hives AKA wheals
Cyst A thickening or lump
Acne Inflammatory popular pustular eruption of the skin AKA pimples or zits
Comedo(nes) Whitehead(s) or blackhead(s)
Tinea Fungus
An example of fungal skin infection is tinea corpouis (ringworm)
Furuncle A boil
Carbuncle Cluster (carload) of furuncles
Fissure A crack or groove
Fissures can be caused by tinea pedis (athlete’s foot)
Laceration Tissue that is cut, torn, or ripped
Avulsion Tearing any part of the body away from the whole
Psoriasis Erythematous lesions with silvery scales
Albinism Congenital absence of skin pigmentation (melanin)
Ichthyosis Dry scaly skin
Crustation(s) Scab(s)
Callus Hyperthrophied skin
Neoplasm New growth
Neoplasia New growth
Neoplasm and Neoplasia are terms commonly associated with cancer (Ca)
Vitiligo Localized loss of skin pigmentation characterized by milk white
Cyanosis (cyanotic) Abnormal bluish coloration
Cyanosis can be a sign of hypoxia or hypothermia
Impetigo Pustular bacterial skin disease
Melanoma Black tumor
Melanoma is considered a malignant neoplasm
Debridement (debride) Removal of necrotic tissue and or foreign matter
Diaphoresis (diaphoretic) Profuse sweating
Disseminate (dissemination) To scatter over a considerable area
Induration Abnormal hard spot
Pruritis (pruritic) Severe itching
Pediculosis Lice (louse)
Nits Lice ova
Scabies Skin infection caused by the itch mite
Sebaceous glands Glands that produce sebum (oil)
Sudoriferous glands Glands that produce sweat
Sweat is released through openings called pores
Iodoform gauze Product name for a type of wound packing
Product name for a type of wound packing Iodoform gauze
Penrose drain Product name for a wound drain
Product name for a wound drain Penrose drain
The first line of defense against infection is your skin
The skin is considered part of your immune system
Evisceration (eviscerate) Spilling out of abdominal contents due to wound dehiscence
Spilling out of abdominal contents due to wound dehiscence Evisceration (eviscerate)
Dehiscence means bursting open of a surgical abdominal wound
bursting open of a surgical abdominal wound is Dehiscence
I+D Incision (lance) + Drainage
An I+D is commonly performed on an abscess
FS Frozen Section
A frozen section is a type of biopsy (Bx)
Created by: Urania