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Ch6 Urinary

Urinary PHCC

QuestionAnswer
Nephr/o Kidney(s)
ren/o Kidney(s)
The kidneys are bilateral organs that are shaped like kidney beans
The kidneys are located on each side of the spinal column in the flank or retroperitoneal region
The kidneys are responsible for: Removing nitrogenous (N) wastes from the blood. Maintaining water balance.
Examples of nitrogenous (N) waste include: Urea Uric acid Creatinine
The kidneys regulate water balance in the body by regulating the salts
The salts of the body are called electrolytes (“lytes”)
The electrolytes (“lytes”) include: Sodium (Na) Potassium (K) Chloride (Cl)
Remember- where salt goes, water follows which means if you retain salt, you will retain water
Excess fluid can be referred to as edema
Nephrectomy Surgical removal of a kidney
Renal Pertaining to a kidney
Ureter/o Ureters(s)
The ureters are bilateral tubes that carry urine from the kidneys to the urinary bladder
A tube is AKA a vessel or duct
Ureterostenosis Narrowing of ureters
Cyst/o Urinary bladder
Vesic/o Urinary bladder
The urinary bladder is an elastic sac that acts as a reservoir (storage container) for urine
Cystitis Inflammation of the urinary bladder
Urethra/o The Urethra
The urethra is the vessel that carries urine from the urinary bladder to the outside world
The urethral opening is called the urethral meatus (os, Orifice) or urinary meatus (os, Orifice)
Pyel/o Renal pelvis
A renal pelvis is where a ureter connects to a kidney
Intravenous pyelogram (IVP) A record of the renal pelves using a dye that is injected within a vein to cause the renal pelves to show up well on X-rays
Materials that show up well on X-rays are called radiopaque or contrast material
Azot/o Nitrogen (N)
Azotemia A blood condition of excessive nitrogenous waste
Urin/o Urine or urinary tract
Ur/o Urine or urinary tract
Urologist Specialist in the study of male and female urinary systems and the male reproductive system
-uria Urine or urination
Noct/i Night
Nocturia A condition of chronic night urination
Chronic means persistent
Gluc/o Sugar (glucose)
Glyc/o Sugar (glucose)
Glycos/o Sugar (glucose)
Glycosuria A condition of sugar in the urine
Albumin/o Albumin
Albumin is a blood protein
Albuminuria OR Proteinuria A condition of albumin or protein in the urine
Nephritis Inflammation of a kidney
Cystocele Herniation of the urinary bladder
Cystolith(s) Stone(s) in the urinary bladder
Nephroblastoma Tumor or mass of a kidney
Hydronephrosis Abnormal condition of excess water (fluid) in a kidney
Nephrohypertrophy Excessive growth or development of a kidney
Nephrolithiasis Abnormal condition of (a) kidney stones(s)
Another name for stone is a calculus
More than one stone is called a calculi
Nephromegaly Enlargement of a kidney
nephroptosis Drooping or sagging (prolapsed) of a kidney
Pyelitis Inflammation of a renal pelvis
Pyelonephritis Inflammation of a renal pelvis and a kidney
Uremia (uremic) A blood condition of excessive nitrogenous waste (N) AKA azotemia (azotemic)
Ureteritis Inflammation of a ureters
Ureterocele Herniation of a ureters
Ureterolithiasis Abnormal condition of stone(s) in a ureters
Urethrocystitis Inflammation of urethra and the urinary bladder
Cystectomy Excision of the urinary bladder
Cystotomy Surgical incision of the urinary bladder
Vesicotomy Surgical incision of the urinary bladder
Cystolithotomy Surgical incision of the urinary bladder to remove a stone which is called cystolithectomy
Cystoplasty Surgical repair of the urinary bladder
Cystorrhaphy Suturing the urinary bladder
Cystostomy A new or artificial opening into the urinary bladder
A new or artificial opening can also be called a stoma
ESWL Extracorporeal Shock Waves Lithotripsy
Lithotripsy means crushing stone(s)
Meatotomy Surgical incision of the meatus
Nephrostomy New or artificial opening into a kidney
Pyelolithotomy Surgical incision os a renal pelvid to remove a stone(s) which called pyelolithectomy
pyeloplasty surgical repair of a renal pelvis
pyelostomy a new or artificial opening into a renal pelvis
ureterectomy surgical removal of a ureter
ureterotomy surgical incision of a ureter
urethropexy surgical fixation of the urethra
ureterostomy new or artificial opening into a ureter
urethroplasty surgical repair of the urethra
urethrotomy surgical incision of the urethra
urethrostomy a new or artificial opening into the urethra
cystogram a record (X-ray) of the urinary bladder
cystography process of recording (X-ray) the urinary bladder
cystopyelogram record (X-ray) of the urinary bladder and a renal pelvis
cystopyelography process of recording (X-ray) the urinary bladder and a renal pelvis
ureterogram record(X-ray) of a ureter
cystoureterogram record (X-ray) of the urinary bladder and aureter
cystourethrogram record (X-ray) of the urinary bladder and the urethra
nephrogram record (X-ray) of a kidney
nephrography process of recording (X-ray) a kidney
nephrosonography process of recording a kidney using sound wave
nephropexy surgical fixation of a kidney
nephrotomography process of recording x-ray picture slices of a kidney
renogram record of a kidney using injectable radioactive contrast material
Created by: Urania