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Junior Nutrition

Heart Disease / Diabetes

QuestionAnswer
Leading cause of death in the USA Heart Disease / Heart Attack
Examples of Cardiovascular Diseases are Heart Disease/Stroke/High Blood Pressure
When plaque builds up on the blood vessel walls it is called what? Atherosclerosis
This organ produces cholesterol and it is also responsible for wrapping cholesterol with protein so that it can be removed from the body Liver
This is good cholesterol. It is good because it does not cause cardiovascular disease and it helps to remove bad cholesterol HDL (High Density Lipoproteins)
This is bad cholesterol. It is one of the leading causes of cardiovascular disease. LDL (Low Density Lipoproteins)
Your body breaks down all carbohydrates into a usable energy called what? Glucose
This is released by the pancreas. It allows glucose to be entered into cells to be used as energy. Insulin
This disease is when your body does not produce insulin. It often occurs in adolescence. Type 1 Diabetes. AKA Juvenile Diabetes
This disease is when the body does not produce enough insulin or the insulin it does produce does not work with glucose Type 2 Diabetes. AKA Adult Onset Diabetes
A diet that does not provide enough energy (Calories) will effect what? Metabolism - the rate at which you burn calories will slow to compensate for your lack of energy intake.
Your body needs 6 nutrients to live. What are the six nutrients? Carbohydrates, Protein, Fat, Vitamins, Minerals, Water
What are the only two ways to improve your metabolism in a healthy way? Eat an appropriate amount of food and Exercise
As suggested in class what is the most healthy way to lose weight? Eat an approprite amount of food, Eat all 6 nutrients, Limit nutrient poor food, Eat a variety of food, Exercise
Created by: cthorp