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Medical Lang. 2

Ch 12 & 13 eyes and ears PHCC

QuestionAnswer
Blephar/o Eyelid
Eyelid Blephar/o
Blepharoptosis Drooping or sagging (prolapsed) of an eyelid
Drooping or sagging (prolapsed) of an eyelid Blepharoptosis
Conjunctiv/o Conjunctiva
Conjunctiva Conjunctiv/o
A conjunctiva is a mucous membrane lining of an eyelid
mucous membrane lining of an eyelid. is a conjunctiva
Conjunctivitis Inflammation of a conjunctiva
Inflammation of a conjunctiva Conjunctivitis
The layperson would call conjunctivitis “pinkeye”
“pinkeye” is what the layperson would call conjunctivitis
irid/o iris
iris irid/o
iri/o iris
iris iri/o
An iris is the colored portion of an eye
colored portion of an eye is the iris
Iridoplegia Paralysis of an iris
Paralysis of an iris Iridoplegia
Cor/o Pupil
core/o Pupil
pupill/o Pupil
A pupil is an opening (os, orifice, meatus) in the center of an iris
Pupillometer Instrument used to measure a pupil
Instrument used to measure a pupil Pupillometer
The pupils have the ability to enlarge called papillary dilation
Sclera/o Sclera
Sclera Sclera/o
A sclera is a white opaque portion of an eye
the white opaque portion of an eye is sclera
Opaque means light will not pass through it
sclerostomy A new or artificial opening into a sclera
A new or artificial opening into a sclera sclerostomy
Corne/o Cornea
kerat/o Cornea
A cornea is the transparent portion of the sclera
Transparent means light will pass through it
Corneoiritis Inflammation of a cornea and iris
Inflammation of a cornea and iris Corneoiritis
Keratoplasty Surgical repair of a cornea
Surgical repair of a cornea Keratoplasty
Dacry/o Lacrimal duct AKA tear duct
lacrim/o Lacrimal duct AKA tear duct
Dacryocystorhinostomy A new or artificial opening between a lacrimal (tear) sac (bladder) and the nose
A new or artificial opening between a lacrimal (tear) sac (bladder) and the nose Dacryocystorhinostomy
Nasolacrimal Pertaining to the nose and lacrimal (tear) duct(s)
Pertaining to the nose and lacrimal (tear) duct(s) Nasolacrimal
Retin/o Retina
Retina Retin/o
A retina is a portion of an eye that perceives light
portion of an eye that perceives light retina
The retinas have visual receptors called rods and cones
The rods perceive black and white
The cones perceive color color
The retinas are extensions of the optic nerves
The optic nerves transmit light impulses to the brain where the light impulses are interpreted
Retinitis pigmentosa A genetic degeneration of rods and cones
A genetic degeneration of rods and cones Retinitis pigmentosa
ophthalm/o eye
ocul/o eye
eye ophthalm/o
eye ocul/o
Ophthalmologist A specialist in the study of the eyes
Oculomycosis Abnormal condition of an eye caused by a fungus
Opt/o Vision
Optometrist OR optician A specialist in the measurement of vision
Phac/o Crystalline lens
A crystalline lens is located directly posterior of a pupil
The purpose of a lens is to refract light
Refraction means to bend light
Proper refraction is necessary in order to focus the light on the retinas
Phacocele Herniation of a (crystalline) lens
Choroid/o Choroid
A choroid is a highly vascular middle layer of an eye
Choroidopathy A disease condition of a choroid
Aque/o Water or fluid
vitre/o Water or fluid
Aqueous humor and vitreous humor refers to the fluid found inside an eye
Blepharitis Inflammation of a eyelid
Dacryocystitis Inflammation of a (lacrimal) tear sac (bladder)
Diplopia Double vision
Endophthalmitis Inflammation of an eye’s inner layer
Iritis Inflammation of an iris
Keratitis Inflammation of a cornea
Leukocornia Condition of a white pupil
Created by: Urania