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criminal justice mid

midterm review study session

QuestionAnswer
The three goals of criminal justice 1. doing justice 2. controlling crime 3. preventing crime
Discretion The use of one's own judgement without reference to specific rules.
resource dependence (exchange relationship) They rely on all agencies of the law to share the same information/resource
Sequential tasks The order that they have to follow in order to put someone in jail. (look at chapter 1 slide, slide 17 called flow of decision making in the cj system)
Filtering A screening operation; a process by which criminal justice officials screen out some cases while advancing others to the next level of decision making.
Criminal control (criminal control vs. due process) A model of the cj system that assumes freedom for the public to live without fear is so important that every effort must be made to repress crime; it emphasizes efficiency, speed, finality, and the capacity to apprehend, try convict, and dispose of a high
Due process model A model of the cj system that assumes freedom for individuals who are wrongly accused and risk unjust punishment is so important that every effort must be made to ensure that criminal justice decisions are based on reliable information; it emphasizes the
Criminal justice wedding cake Layer 1: The celebrated cases Layer 2: The serious felonies Layer 3: The lesser felonies Layer 4: The misdermeantors
Disparity Difference between groups that may either be explained by legitimate factors or indicate discriminations
Discrimination Occurs when groups are differentially treated without regard to their behavior or qualifications
Mala in se Offenses that are wrong by their very nature
Mala prohibita Offenses prohibited by law but not necessarily wrong in themselves
Misdemanor offenses less serious than felonies and usually punishable by incarceration's of no more than one year in jail, or by probation or intermediate sanctions
Felonies Serious crimes usually carrying a penalty of death or incarceration for more than one year
Visible/street/ordinary Crime (Types of crime) An offenses against persons or property, committed primarily by members of the lower class. Often referred to as "street crime" or "ordinary crime" this type of offense is the one most upsetting to the public
Violent crimes (types of crime) Acts against people in which death or physical injury results are violent. These include homicide, assault, rape, and robbery. These crimes are treat as the most serious crime and punishes the accordingly
Property Crimes Acts that threaten property held by individuals or by the state. which include theft, larceny, shoplifting, embezzlement, and burglary.
Public order crime Acts that threaten the general well-being of society and challenge accepted moral principles are defined as public-order crimes. includes public drunkenness, aggressive panhandling, vandalism, and disorderly conduct. well be treated as minor defense but
Occupational crime Criminal offenses committed through opportunities created in a legal business or occupation. This is legal business or profession.
Organized crime A framework for the perpetration of Crinimal acts, providing illegal services that are in great demand. Usually in fields such as gambling, drugs, and prostitution.
Victimless crime Offenses involving a willing and private exchange of illegal goods or service that are in strong demand. Participants do not feel they are being harmed, but these crimes are prosecuted on the grounds that society as whole is being injured.
Political Crime An act, usually done for ideological purpose , that constitutes a threat against the state (such as treason, sedition, or espionage); or criminal act by state.
Cybercrime Offenses that involve the use of one or more computers.
Created by: nvjai