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DiseaseAndTreatment

Description and treatment of diseases

TermDefinition
Acne inflammatory disorder of the sebaceous glands that produces pimples on skin
Albinism an inherited condition that prevents the normal production of melanin, resulting in extremely pale skin and white hair
Alopecia hair loss that results from genetics,normal aging, illness, or drugs used to treat certain disease
burn injuries to skin tissue caused by prolonged heat contact
First degree burn skin burn characterized by superficial epidermal lesions; erythema, or redness; hyperesthesia, or increased sensitivity, especially to touch;and no blisters
second-degree burn skin burn characterized by epidermaland dermal lesions, erythema, blisters, and hyperesthesia
third-degree burn skin burn in which the epidermis anddermis are destroyed; this type of burn produces severe hyperesthesia or anesthesia (numbness), depending on the degree of nerve damag
cicatricicatrix a scar left by a healed wound
cyanosis the appearance of a blue or purplediscoloration of the skin or mucous membranes due to insufficient blood oxygen or poor circulation
ecchymosis black-and-blue or purplish bruise causedby ruptured blood vessels beneath the skin
eczema acute or chronic inflammatoryskindisease characterized by erythema,itchiness, and edema,or swelling
gangrene necrosis, or death,of tissue due to loss of blood supply, followed by bacterial infection
keloid an abnormally raised,thickened sca
impetigo bacterial infection of the skincharacterized by vesicles; pustules; and crusted-over lesions
esions, cancerous an area of malignant tissue
basal cell carcinoma commonly slow-growing, malignanttumorof the basal cell layer of the epidermis; seldom metastasizes
Kaposi’s sarcoma malignant cancer that causes erythematous or purplish patches in the lining of the mouth, nose, and throat or in other organs and tissues; a disease often seen in AIDS patients
malignant melanoma cancerous growth composed ofmelanocytes; beginsas an irregularly-shaped macule and then changes color andtexture
squamous cell carcinoma
fissure a groove or crack, as in a sore
nevus a highly pigmented lesion of the skin that is flat or raised; mo
nodule solid skin elevation larger than one centimeter in diameter; may develop in the epidermis, dermis, or subcutaneous layer
papule asolid skin elevation with distinctborders and a diameter of less than one centimeter; pimple
polyp small, mushroom-like growth,typically benign, that extends from the surface of a mucous membrane
papura chronic disease marked byitchy,erythematous skin with silvery patches
scleroderma chronic, progressive disease of the skin marked by hardening and shrinking of connective tissue, which causes edema or pain in the muscles or joints
systemic lupuserythematosus (SLE) a chronic, inflammatory disease ofcollagen inthe skin, joints, and internal organs
vesicle a small, raised skin lesion filled with clear fluid; blister
wheal
tinea a skin infectioncaused by a fungus
allergy skin test
scratch test skin test in which the forearm is scratched with tiny needles and a variety of substances are applied to the skin to identify allergies
intradermal skin test skin test in which different substances are injected into the skin to test for allergic reactions
biopsy the removal of a small piece of living tissue for microscopic examination
extensional biopsy surgical removal of an entire lesion or tumor
incisional biopsy incision into the tissue for removal of a small piece of living tissue for microscopic examination
biopsy procedure in which living tissue is scraped so it can be analyzed microscopically for bacteria
biopsy procedure in which a hollow needle is used to remove a core sample of tissue for microscopic examination
biopsy done with a small, circular blade that rotates down through the epidermis and dermis and into the subcutaneous layer, producing a cylindrical core of tissue
autograft surgical transfer of tissue from one part of a patient’s body to another part of the same body
blepharoplasty plastic surgery of the eyelid; also known as a lid lift
chemical peel the use of chemicals to remove outer layers of the skin; common treatment for acne and wrinkle removal
cryosurgery destruction of abnormal tissue byfreezing it with liquid nitrogen; common treatment for warts
dermabrasion the use of abrasive materials, such as brushes and sandpaper, to remove layers of skin
dermatoplasty replacement of damaged skin withdonor skinfrom a different region of the body; skin graft
incision and drainage(I&D) procedure in which an incision is made through the skin to drain fluid or an abscess
laser therapy the use of laser light waves to treat skin conditions
liposuction
elimination of wrinkles throughsurgical removal of skin on the face; facelift
drug that causes a reversible loss ofsensation or pain; used to temporarily deaden pain
drug used to fight off or prevent infection
antiviral
drug derived from living organisms through molecular biology techniques
Created by: ravarela