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RT Quiz 1 Reviewer

Different Body Planes

QuestionAnswer
Divides the entire body or a body part into right and left segments. The plane passes vertically through the body from front to back Sagittal Plane
A specific sagittal plane that passes through the midline of the body and divides it into equal right and left halves Midsagittal Plane
divides the entire body or a body part into anterior and posterior segments. The plane passes through the body vertically from one side to the other Coronal Plane/Midaxillary Plane
specific coronal plane that passes through the midline of the body, dividing it into equal anterior and posterior halves Midcoronal Plane
This plane divides the body into superior and inferior portions. Horizontal Plane/Transverse Plane/Cross-sectional Plane
An oblique plane can pass through a body part at any angle among the three previously described planes Oblique Plane
What is the Importance of Body Plane? Planes are used in radiographic positioning to center a body part to the image receptor (IR) or central ray and to ensure that the body part is properly oriented and aligned with the IR.
What are the Two Special Planes? 1. Ineriliac Plane 2. Occlusal Plane
It transects the pelvis at the top of the iliac crests at the level of the fourth lumbar spinous process Interiliac Plane
formed by the biting surfaces of the upper and lower teeth with the jaws closed Occlusal Plane
What are the 2 great cavities if the Torso? 1. Thoracic Cavity 2.Abdominopelvic Cavity
C1 MASTOID TIP
C2,C3 GONION
C3,C4 HYOID BONE
C4,C5 THYROID CARTILAGE
C7,T1 VERTEBRAL PROMINENS
T1 2INCHES ABOVE JUGULAR NOTCH
T2,T3 LEVEL OF JUGULAR NOTCH
T4,T5 STERNAL ANGLE
T7 ANGLE OF THE SCAPULA
T9,T10 XIPHOID PROCESS
L2,L3 INFERIOR COASTAL MARGIN
L4,L5 SUPERIOR ASPECT OF THE ILIAC CREST
S2,S3 ANTERIOR SUPERIOR ILIAC SPINE (ASIS)
COCCYX PUBIS SYMPYISIS AND GREATER TROCHANTER
GREATER TROCHANTER AND PUBIS SYMPHESIS COCCYX
ANTERIOR SUPERIOR ILIAC SPINE (ASIS) S2,S3
SUPERIOR ASPECT OF THE ILIAC SPINE L4,L5
INFERIOR COASTAL MARGIN L2,L3
XIPHOID PROCESS T9,T10
ANGLE OF THE SCAPULA T7
STERNAL ANGLE T4,T5
JUGULAR NOTCH T2,T3
2 INCHES ABOVE JUGULAR NOTCH T1
VERTEBRAL PROMINENS C7,T1
THYROID CARTILAGE C4,C5
HYOID BONE C3,C4
GONION C2,C3
MASTOID TIP C1
Common variations in the shape of the human body Body Habitus
What are the 4 major types of Body Habitus? 1. Sthenic 2. Hyposthenic 3. Asthenic 4. Hypersthenic
Frequency of Sthenic 50%
Frequency of Hyposthenic 35%
Frequency of Asthenic 10%
Frequency of Hyperstenic 5%
What is the Importance of Anatomic Relationship Terms? used to describe the relationship of parts of the body in the anatomic position
Refers to forward or front part of body or forward part of an organ Anterior / Ventral
Refers to back part of body or organ (note, however, that the superior surface of the foot is referred to as the dorsal surface) Posterior / Dorsal
Refers to parts away from the head of the body or parts toward the Feet Caudad
Refers to parts toward the head of the body or away from the feet Cephalad
refers to nearer the feet or situated below Inferior
refers to nearer the head or situated above Superior
refers to middle area or main part of an organ Central
refers to parts at or near the surface, edge, or outside of another body part Peripheral
refers to part or parts on opposite side of body Contralateral
refers to part or parts on same side of body Ipsilateral
refers to parts away from median plane of body or away from the middle of another body part to the right or left Lateral
refers to parts toward median plane of body or toward the middle of another body part Median
refers to parts far from the surface Deep
refers to parts near skin or surface Superficial
refers to parts farthest from point of attachment, point of reference, origin, or beginning; away from center of body Distal
refers to parts nearer point of attachment, point of reference, origin, or beginning; toward center of body Proximal
refers to parts outside an organ or on outside of body External
refers to parts within or on the inside of an organ Internal
refers to the wall or lining of a body cavity Patietal
refers to the covering of an organ Visceral
refers to the top or anterior surface of the foot or to the back or posterior surface of the hand Dorsum
refers to the palm of the hand Palmar
refers to the sole of the foot Plantar
Created by: esuhat