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Disabilities

Definitions & History

QuestionAnswer
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) disability as mental retardation, hearing (deafness), speech or language impairment, visual impairment (blindness), a serious emotional disturbance, or orthopedic impairment, a specific learning disability, deaf-blindness, or multiple disabilities.
Social Security -You cannot do the work that you did before -You cannot adjust to other work because of your medical condition -Your disability has lasted or is expected to last at least one year or will result in death
Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) A person has a major physical or mental impairment that substantially limits 1+ life activity. This includes impairment, even if they currently do not have a disability (remission). It also includes individuals who are regarded as having a disibility.
U.S. CODE 12102 A physical or mental impairment that limits 1+ life activities such as caring, tasks, seeing, hearing, eating, walking, lifting, speaking, concentrating, comm and working. Also includes major bodily functions such as immune system, cell growth,digestive
Medical dictionary -Impairment of function to below the max level physically or mentally -who:loss of function at the level of the whole person, inability to communicate or perform ADL, or necessary vocational or avocational; rehab is aimed to remediate or compensate
All must produce to maintain survival Those unable to produce due to disability, injury or age were
Hippocrates Physical cause for seizures (Hippocratic oath)
Aristotle Hierarchy of value (men - women - disabled)
Modern religions (Christianity, Islam, Judaism) linked disabilities with improper behavior “sin” or lack of faith Something wrong with you because you did something bad/ punishment from GOD
Derision Court fools or jesters often disabled; Village “Idiots” were kept in cages in the town square and taunted
Institute for blind children 1784 Blindness
Military disabilities act 1789 Amputees
Gallaudet College Deaf
Dorthy Dix Bill Land for the disabled
Eugenics Selective breeding and elimination of the weak, disabled and less intelligent would develop a “Super” race.
Franklin D Roosevelt Pollo
1975 - PL 94-142 Guaranteed free, appropriate , public education for all children with disabilities, 3-21.
Created by: rmart11