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HSC 231 Ch1&2 Test R

Intro to Health Science Chapters 1&2 Test Review

TermDefinition
Hippocrates Father of Medicine / Hippocratic Oath / most important physician in Ancient Greece
The Renaissance period often referred to as the "rebirth of the science of medicine"
William Harvey Circulation of blood
Gabriel Fallopius the tympanic membrane in the ear and the fallopian tubes in the female reproductive system
Anton van Leeuwenhoek Father of Microbiology / built the microscope and discovered bacteria and other microscopic organisms (1666)
Ambroise Pare Father of Modern Surgery
Gabriel Fahrenheit created the first mercury thermometer (1714)
Benjamin Franklin invented bifocals for glasses
Edward Jenner developed vaccination for smallpox (1796)
Rene Laennec Invented the stethoscope
Florence Nightingale founder of modern nursing / establish sanitary nursing care units for injured soldiers in the Crimean War
Dr. William Morton used ether as an anesthetic (1846)
Elizabeth Blackwell became the first female physician in the US (1849)
Dorothea Dix Superintendent of Female Nurses of the Army (1861)
Joseph Lister used disinfectants and antiseptics during surgery to prevent infection (1865)
Clara Barton founded the American Red Cross (1881)
Louis Pasteur Pasteurization of milk to kill bacteria/ proved that microorganisms caused disease / created a vaccine for rabies (1885)
Wilhelm Roentgen discovered X-rays (1895)
Francis Crick & James Watson won a Nobel Prize for discovering the structure of DNA
Marie Curie Isolated radium (1910)
Sigmund Freud formed the basis for psychology and psychiatry
Frederick Banting & Charles Best discovered and used insulin to treat diabetes (1922)
Alexander Fleming discovered Penicillin (1928)
Jonas Salk developed the polio vaccine using dead polio virus (1952)
Christian Barnard performed the first successful heart transplant (1967)
WHO (World Health Organization) sponsored by the UN to monitor health problems throughout the world and take steps to prevent pandemics
USDHHS (US Department of Health & Human Services) national US agency to protect the health of all Americans, especially those in need / gives more grant money than any other federal agency
NIH (National Institutes of Health ) division of the USDHHS involved in researchign disease and conducting scientific studies
CDC (Centers for Disease Control & Prevention) USDHHS division concerned with the causes, spread, and control of diseases in populations
FDA (Food and Drug Administration) federal agency responsible for food regulation and drug products sold to the public
OSHA (Occupational Safety & Health Administration) establishes and enforces standards that protect workers from job-related injuries and illnesses
Deductibles` amounts that must be paid by the patient for medical services before the policy begins to pay
Co-insurance requires that specific percentages of expenses are shared by the patient and insurance company
Co-payment a specific amount of money a patient pays for a particular service
Emergency Care Services provide special care for accidents or sudden illness
Mental Health Facilities deal with mental disorders and disease
industrial Healthcare Centers health centers located in large companies or industries
Dental Offices offices owned by one or more dentists and include general care provided or specialized care to certain age groups or certain dental conditions
Laboratories perform special diagnostic tests
Home Health Care provide care in a patient's home
Rehabilitation facilities provide physical, occupational, and other therapies
Genetic counseling centers check for genetic abnormalities and birth defects
Pharmaceutical Services prepare and dispense medications
The four main hospital types are... General Hospitals, Specialty Hospitals, Government Hospitals, and University or College Medical Centers
The difference between the types of long term care facilities are... Residentials provide basic physical and emotional care for individuals Extended care prepares patients or residents for return to home environments or other long-term facilities and Independent is for individuals who can care for themselves
Created by: lincoln2020