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AAPC Anatomy

CPC Anatomy Flash Cards

Derm/o Skin
Dermat/o Skin
Hidr/o Sweat, perspiration
Keart/o Keratin, horny layer of skin
Melan/o Dark, black, melanin
Onycho/o Nail
Seb/o Sebum, sebaceous gland
Trich/o Hair
Arthr/o Joint
Burs/o Bursa, sac of fluid near joint
Chondr/o Cartilage
Erg/o Work
Fasci/o Fascia
Kin/o, Kinesi/o Movement
Muscul/o Muscle
My/o Muscle
Myel/o Bone marrow, spinal cord
Oste/o Bone
Synov/i Synovial fluid, joint, or membrane
Ten/o, tendin/o Tendon
Ton/o Tone; pressure
Bronch/o Bronchus
Laryng/o Larynx
Pharyng/o Pharynx
Phren/o Diaphragm
Phrenic/o Phrenic nerve
Pleur/o Pleura
Pneumon/o Lung
Pneum/o, pneumat/o Air, gas; respiration, lung
Pulm/o, pulmon/o Lungs
Rhin/o Nose
Spir/o Breathing
Trache/o Trachea
Erythr/o, erythrocyt/o Red blood cell
Hem/o, hemat/o Blood
Immun/o Immunity, immune system
Leuk/o leukocyt/o White blood cell
Lymph/o Lymph, lymphatic system
Lymphaden/o Lymph node
Lymphangi/o Lymphatic vessel
Splen/o Spleen
Thromb/o Blood clot
Thrombocyt/o Platelet, thrombocyte
Thym/o Thymus gland
Tonsil/o Tonsil
Angi/o Vessel
Cardi/o Heart
Phleb/o Vein
Valv/o, valvul/o Valve
Vas/o, vascul/o Vessel, duct
Ven/o, ven/i Vein
Bucc Cheek
Chol/e, chol/o Bile, gall
Cholangi/o Bile duct
Cholecyst/o Gallbladder
Choledoch/o Common bile duct
Enter/o Intestine
Gastr/o Stomach
Gloss/o Tongue
Hepat/o Liver
Labi/o Lip
Lingu/o Tongue
Or/o Mouth
Sial/o Saliva, salivary gland, salivary duct
Stoma, stomat/o Mouth
Proct/o Rectum and Anus
Uvul/o Uvula
Cali/o, calic/o Calyx
Cyst/o Urinary Bladder
Glomerul/o Glomerulus
Nephr/o Kidney
Pyel/o Renal pelvis
Ren/o Kidney
Ur/o Urine, urinary tract
Ureter/o Ureter
Urethr/o Urethra
Urin/o Urine
Vesic/o Urinary Bladder
Mast/o Breast, mammary gland
Men/o, mens Menstruation
Metr/o, metr/i Uterus
Oo Ovum, egg cell
Oophor/o Ovary
Ov/o, Ovul/o Ovum, egg cell
Salping/o Oviduct, tube
Epididym/o Epididymis
Orchi/o, orchid/o Testis
Osche/o Scrotum
Prostat/o Prostate
Semin/o Semen
Spoerm/o, Spermat/o Semen, spermatozoa
Test/o Testis, testicle
Vas/o Vas deferens, ductus deferens; also vessel; duct
Vesicul/o Seminal vesicle
Adren/o, adrenal/o Adrenal gland, epinephrine
Adrenocortic/o Adrenal cortex
Endocrin/o Endocrine glands or system
Hypophys/o Pituitary gland, hypophysis
Insul/o Pancreatic islets
Parathyr/o, parathyroid/o Parathyroid gland
Pituitar/o Pituitary gland, hypophysis
Thyr/o, thyroid/o Thyroid gland
Colp/o Vagina
Episi/o Vulva
Gyn/o, gynec/o Woman
Hyster/o Uterus
Cerebr/o Cerebrum
Cortic/o Cerebral cortex, outer portion
Encephal/o Brain
Gangli/o, ganglion/o Ganglion
Gli/o Neuroglia cells
Medull/o Medulla oblongata
Mening/o, menine/o Meninges
Myel/o Spinal cord and Bone marrow
Narc/o Stupor, numbness, sleep
Neur/o, neur/i Nervous system, nervous tissue, nerve
Psych/o Mind
Radicul/o Spinal nerve root
Somn/o, som/. Sleep
Dextr/o Right
Ab- Away from
Ad- Toward; near
Dia- Through; complete
Per- Through
Trans Through, across
Ante- Before; forward
Pre- Before, in front of
Pro- Before, in front of
Post- After, behind
Mon/o One; single
Bi- Two, twice
Tri- Three
Quadri 4
Poly- Many, much
Ec-, ecto- Out; outside
End/o- In; within
Mes/o Middle
-gram a record of data
-graph instrument for recording data
-graphy act of recording data
-meter instrument for measuring
-scope instrument for viewing or examining
-scopy examination of
-centesis puncture tap
-desis binding, fusion
-ectomy excision, surgical removal
-pexy surgical fixation
-plasty plastic repair, plastic surgery, reconstruction
-rraphy surgical repair, suture
-stomy surgical creation of an opening
-tome instrument for incising (cutting)
-tomy incision, cutting
-tripsy crushing
Anterior (ventral) toward the front of the body
Posterior (dorsal) toward the back of the body
Medial toward the midline of the body
Lateral toward the side of the body
Proximal nearer to the point of attachment or to a given reference point
Distal farther from the point of attachment or from a given reference point
Superior (cranial) above; toward the head
Inferior (caudal) below; toward the lower end of the spine
Superficial (external) closer to the surface of the body.
Deep (internal) closer to the center of the body.
Sagittal Cuts through the body from the front to the back and divides the body into right and left sections
Midsagittal Cuts through the midline of the body from front to back and divides the body into equal right and left sections.
Frontal (coronal) Cuts at the right angle to the midline, from side to side, and divides the body into front (anterior) and back (posterior) sections.
Transverse (horizontal) (axial) Cuts horizontally through the body and separates the body into upper (superior) and lower (inferior) sections.
Created by: sknightSH