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Chapter 5 Terms

TermDefinition
Abuse (page 108) any care that results in physical harm, pain, or mental anguish.
Advance Directives (page 116) legal documents that allow individuals to state what medical they want/don’t want in the event that they can’t express what they want regarding medical care.
Agent (page 116) legal documents that allow individuals to state what medical they want/don’t want in the event that they can’t express what they want regarding medical care.
Assault & Battery (page 107) Assault is the threat or attempt to injure and battery is unlawful physical contact without consent.
Civil Law (page 107) focus on the legal relationships between people and the protection of a person’s rights.
Confidentiality (page 114) when information about a patient must remain
Consumer Bill of Rights & Responsibility (page 114) implemented in 1998 by The Department of Health and Human services that must be recognized and honored by health care providers.
Contract (page 109) an agreement between two or more parties.
Criminal Law (page 107) focus on crime; deals with the wrongs against a person, property, or society.
Defamation (page 108) occurs when a false statement(s) causes a person to be teased or damages their reputation. If the information is written, it is libel. If the information is spoken, it is slander.
Designation of Health Care Surrogate (page 118) also called a Durable power of attorney; a document that permits an individual to appoint another person to make any decisions regarding health care if the principal should become unable to make decisions.
Durable power of Attorney (page 118) a document that permits an individual to appoint another person to make any decisions regarding health care if the principal should become unable to make decisions
Ethics (page 113) a set of principles relating to what is morally right or wrong.
Expressed contracts (page 109) stated in distinct and clear language, either orally or in writing
False imprisonment (page 108) restraining or restricting an individual's freedom without authorization
Health Care records (page 109) privileged communications. Records containing information about the care provided to a patient.
HIPPA (page 110) a requirement by congress for the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (USDHHS) to establish standards to protect health information.
Implied Contract (page 109) obligations understood without verbally expressed terms.
Informed Consent (page 108) permission granted voluntarily by a person who is sound of mind and understand the risks involved.
Invasion of Privacy (page 108) physical=unnecessarily exposing an individual. informational=referring to revealing personal information about an individual without consent.
Legal Responsibilities are those that are authorized or based on law.
Legal disability a person who has a legal disability does not have the legal capacity to form a contract
Libel a person who has a legal disability does not have the legal capacity to form a contract
Living Wills A legal documents stating a person’s desires on what measures should or should not be taken to prolong life when his or her condition is terminal
Malpractice providing improper or unprofessional treatment or care that results in injury to another person
Negligence Failure to give care that's normally expected, resulting an injury to another person.
Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act Federal Law that regulates de education and testing of nursing assistant.
Patient Protection and Affordable A federal statute signed into law and designed to expand access to affordable health coverage in the US.
Patient Self-Determination Act A federal law that mandates that every individual has the right to makes decisions regarding medical care, including the right to refuse treatment and the right to die.
Patients Rights Factors of care that patients can expect to receive
Privileged Communications information held confidential within a protected relationship
residents Bill of Rights rights guaranteed under the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act (OBRA) to residents in long-term care
Scope of Practice a set of regulations and ethical considerations that define the scope, or extent and limits, of the EMT's job
Slander spoken defamation
Tort a wrongful act or an infringement of a right (other than under contract) leading to civil legal liability.
Created by: dortega