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MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY

CH 3 Section 2 Key Terms

TermDefinition
Abduction movement toward the side, away from the body.
Anterior toward or near the front; ventral.
Base the lower or supporting part of any structure.
Bilateral both sides.
Contralateral the opposite side.
Deep – further into the body.
Eversion movement of the ankle causing the bottom of the foot to face toward the side or laterally.
Flexion movement toward the front or anterior (exception at the knee joint).
Horizontal adduction movement of the arm toward the midline, or anterior, when at shoulder level.
Adduction movement toward the side, toward the body.
Posterior toward or near the back; dorsal
Apex the pointed tip of a conical structure.
Unilateral one side
Ipsilateral the same side
Superficial nearer to the surface of the body.
Inversion movement of the ankle causing the bottom of the foot to face toward the midline or medially.
Extension movement toward the back or posterior (exception at the knee joint).
Horizontal abduction movement of the arm away from midline, or posterior, when at shoulder level.
Medial toward the midline; nearer to the middle.
Medial rotation rotation movement of the shoulder or hip toward the midline; internal rotation.
Pronation rotation movement of the forearm to palm down; palm facing posterior.
Protraction movement of the scapula away from the spinal column.
Proximal nearer to the axial body.
Radial deviation movement of the wrist toward the radius or away from the body.
Superior toward or nearer to the head; cranial.
Supine lying horizontally facing upward.
Ventral front; anterior.
Lateral away from the midline; toward the side.
Created by: cindymiller