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Medical Terminology


abdominal cavity the cavity that contains the stomach, pancreas, liver, gallbladder, and large/small intestines.
vertebral cavity the cavity that contains the spinal column.
horizontal plane the plane that divides the body into upper and lower portions; also known as the transverse plane.
coronal plane the plane that divides the body into front and back portions; also known as frontal plane.
sagittal plane the plane that divides the body into right and left halves.
body planes points of reference which are imaginary slices or cuts through the body that divide it vertically or horizontally.
appendicular body the arms and legs of the body.
axial body the head, neck, and trunk portion of the body.
fundamental position anatomical position with the palms inward, w/the thumbs facing forward.
elasticity muscles ability to return to its normal resting length when the shortening stimulus or stretching force is removed.
extensibility muscles ability to stretch, or lengthen, when a force is applied.
contractility muscles ability to shorten, or contract when it receives a stimulus.
irritability muscles ability to respond to stimulus.
regenerate replace itself.
columnar cells cylindrical in shape
squamous cells cells that are flat in shape
epithelial tissue forms the top layer of skin
mitochondria provides energy or fuel for the transportation of molecules.
endoplasmic reticulum transports the molecules in cells
Golgi apparatus packages the molecules in cells
tissue a group of similar cells that perform a specific function
retroperitoneal space the space at the back of the abdomen just lateral to the spinal column.
pelvic cavity the cavity that contains the sigmoid colon, rectum, and bladder, and in females, contains the uterus, Fallopian tubes
Created by: cindymiller