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Western Medical Terminology: Ch. 3

TermDefinition
Hernia protrusion of an organ or the muscular wall of an organ through the cavity that normally contains it (i.e. rectocele: protrusion of a portion of rectum toward vaginal wall)
Streptococcus Bacteria that grow in chains
Staphylococcus Bacteria that grow in clusters (berry shaped)
Erythrocytes Red blood cells made in bone marrow and carry oxygen from lungs to all body cells; hemoglobin=blood protein
Leukocytes White blood cells; five different kinds divided into two categories: granulocytes and mono leukocytes
Granulocytes A type of white blood cell; three types: eosinophils, basophils, and neutrophils
Mononuclear cells A type of white blood cell; two types: lymphocytes and monocytes
Thrombocyte Also known as platelets, tiny fragments of blood cells that are formed in bone marrow and necessary for blood clotting
Acromegaly An endocrine disorder that occurs when pituitary gland produces excessive amount of growth hormone after puberty; normal height but soft tissue and bones
Laparscopy Minimal invasive surgery; a laparascope is inserted through an incision in the abdomen near the navel and used to examine abdominal visera for evidence of disease or for various procedures
Adenoids Small masses of lymphatic tissue located at the pharynx near nose and nasal passages. Adenoids are neither endocrine or exocrine glands
Created by: vzapanta