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Module 8

Infectious disease process and immunity

Pathogens Disease producing microorganisms
Medical asepsis The destruction of organisms after they leave the body using techniques such as hand hygiene and PPE to help reduce the number and transfer of pathogens
Invasion Pathogen enters the body through the portal of entry: respiratory, digestive, reproductive, urinary tracts, and skin
Multiplication Reproduction of pathogens
Incubation May vary from several days to months or years during which time the disease is developing that no symptoms appear
Prodromal period First mild signs and symptoms appear; a highly contagious period
Acute period Signs and symptoms are evident and most severe
Recovery period Signs and symptoms begin to subside
Phagocytosis The process of engulfing and ingesting foreign particles such as bacteria or viruses
Anti-body A specific molecule that has the ability to adhere to and interact only with the antigen that stimulates the anti-body's production
Immunity A resistance to disease. The two types are genetic, which does not involve the production of antibodies and acquired, which does
Created by: Mrs_Blanchard