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Combining Forms

Western Medical Terminology: Ch. 3 + Ch. 4

Combining FormsMeaning
abdomin/o abdomen
acr/o (Acromegaly) extremities, top, extreme point
acu/o (Acute) sharp, severe, sudden
aden/o gland
adip/o (Adipose) fat
amni/o (Amniotic) amnion
angi/o (Angiogram: X-ray blood vessels) vessel
arteri/o artery
arthr/o (Arthritis) joint
axill/o armpit
bi/o life
blephar/o eyelid
bronch/o bronchial tubes
carcin/o cancer
cardi/o heart
chem/o (chemotherapy) drug/chemical
chondr/o (chondrasarcoma) cartilage
chron/o (chronic) time
col/o colon (large intestine)
cyst/o urinary bladder
encephal/o brain
erythr/o (erythrocytes) red
hem/o (hemorrhage) blood
hepat/o (hepatitis) liver
hydr/o (hydrate) fluid, water
inguin/o groin
isch/o (ischemia: inadequate blood flow to heart) to hold back
lapar/o (lapartomy: incision to abdominal wall) abdomen, abdominal wall
laryng/o larynx
leuk/o white
lymph/o lymph
mamm/o breast
mast/o breast
morph/o shape, form
muc/o muscus
my/o (fibermyalgia: muscle pain and tenderness) muscle
myel/o (myeloma: cancer in the spine) spinal cord, bone marrow
necr/o death (of cells or whole body)
nephr/o (nephrology: study of kidneys) kidney
neur/o nerve
neutr/o (most abundant type of white blood cells) neutrophil
nucle/o nucleus
ophthalm/o eye
oste/o bone
ot/o ear
path/o (pathology) disease
peritone/o peritoneum (abdominal cavity)
phag/o (esophagus) to eat, swallow
phleb/o (phlebitis: inflammation of vein) vein
plas/o (plasma) formation, development
pleur/o (cavity in lungs) pleura
pneumon/o (pneumonia) lungs
pulmon/o lungs
radi/o (radiology) x-ray
rect/o rectum
ren/o (Acute Renal Failure) kidney
rhin/o (rhinoplasty) nose
sarc/o (sarcoma) flesh
splen/o spleen
staphyl/o (staphylococcus) clusters
strept/o (streptococcal) twisted chains
thorac/o (thoracic cavity) chest
thromb/o (thrombosis) clot
tonsill/o tonsils
trache/o trachea
ven/o vein
carp/o wrist bones
cis/o to cut
cost/o rib
cutane/o skin
dactyl/p fingers/toes
duct/o (aqueduct) to lead, carry
flex/o to bend
gloss/o tongue
cebum/o meals
glyc/o sugar
immun/o protection
morph/o shape, form
mort/o death
nat/i birth
norm/o rule, order
ox/o oxygen
pub/o pubis, anterior portion of pelvic or hipbone
seps/o infection
somn/o sleep
son/o sound
the/o to put, place
thel/o, theli/o nipple
thyr/o thyroid gland; shield
top/o place, position, location
tox/o poison
trache/o trachea
urethr/o urethra
Created by: vzapanta