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Nutrition - Health

Nutrition test

TermDefinition
60 Minutes Should have this level of activity every day
Nutrient Dense Foods Contains lots of vitamins and minerals relative to the # of calories
Proportion The size of the group
Sources of energy Carbs, fats, proteins
Metabolism Process by which you body breaks down food to release this energy
Calories The amount of energy released when nutrient are broken down
Fiber A type of complex carbohydrate that is found in plants; necessary for proper digestion
Fats Supply your body with energy from your cells
Saturated Fats Butter, cakes, oils (too much starts to lead to heart disease)
Unsaturated Fats liquid at room temperature
Cholesterol waxy, fat-like substance that is found only in animal products
Trans Fats made when manufactueres add hydrogen to the fat molecules in vegetable oil
Proteins Can serve as a source of energy
Amino Acids Long chains of smaller "links" that are bound together - anything that comes from animals
Percent of calories that comes from proteins 10-35%
Fat Soluble Vitamins Dissolve fatty material and can build up to dangerous levels A,D,E, and K
Water-soluble Vitamins Dissolve in water
Antioxidants Protect healthy cells from damange caused by the aging process, and protect again cetain types of cancer
Minerals needed in small amounts which are nutrients
Calcium A mineral - helps with blood clotting, nervous system, bones and teeth
Iron Necessary for healthy red blood cells
Anemia A condition in which red blood cells do not contain enough hemoglobin
Water Makes up 65% of body; aides digestion, coold the body (sweating), removes wastes, lubricates your joints, cusions eyes, brain, and spinal cord
Homeostasis A steady state
Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR) The rate at which you use energy when your body is at rest
Body Composition The measure of how much body fat you have, as compared to muscle and bone
Body Mass Index (BMI) Ratio of weight to height
Over weight A term used to describe a person who is heavier than the standard for that person's height
Obesity BMI over 30
Underweight Lighter than the standard for that person's height
Eating Disorder A mental disorder
Anorexia Nervosa Does not eat enough food to maintain a healthy body weight; can stave to death; heart can stop suddenly
Bulimia Go on controlled eatin binges followed by purging, or removing, the food from their bodies
Health Risks of Bulimia Dehydration, kidney damage, and a lack of necessary vitamins and minerals
Binge Eating Disorder Regularly have an uncontrollable urge to eat large amounts of food
Created by: gnordby2020