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Health Sac 1B

QuestionAnswer
What are the three factors that contribute to Health Status? Biological, SocioCultural and Environment
Define Biological Relates to the structure of cells, tissues and systems of the body and how well they function.
What are the Biological Factors? Body Weight, Blood Pressure, Blood Cholesterol, Glucose Regulation, Birth Weight Genetics (including sex, hormones, and predisposition to disease.
Whats in impact of Body Weight on Health Status? What are Risk Factors? Obesity increases the chances of developing: High Blood Pressure (hypertension) CVD Some Cancers (including Colorectal Cancer Type II Diabetes Arthritis Self Esteem Issues and depression Social Exclusion
Whats the impact of Blood Pressure on Health Status? What are Risk Factors? heart attack, stroke and kidney failure High body mass Lack of physical activity Excessive alcohol consumption ( alcohol also increase body weight) Genetic predisposition Smoking Stress Poor diet ( including too much sodium- salt)
What is the impact of Glucose Regulation on Health Status? What are Risk Factors? Genetic Predisposition Stress Lack of exercise Being overweight ( esp. around the abdomen) Excessive alcohol consumption High blood pressure Diet high in fats, especially trans fats Pregnancy …at risk of CVD & Type II Diabetes
What is the impact of Low Birth Weight? What are Risk Factors? Causes of LBW: age of mother / mothers nutritional status Smoking / excessive alcohol , illness of the mother during pregnancy
What is the impact of Genetics on Health Status? What are Risk Factors? Sex: Certain conditions are either exclusive to males or females or are more common in one of the sexes due to the biological differences between the sexes. - Genetic Predisposition: Genetics can influence how likely someone is to develop certain conditio
Define Glucose Regulation Regulation (where cells become resistant to the action of insulin, preventing glucose from being absorbed into the cells)
Define Genetics (is the body cells that control many aspects of life such as sex, body type, hormone production, predisposition of disease and aspects of personality
Define Sociocultural Relates to the social and cultural conditions into which people are born, grow, live, work and age.
What are the Sociocultural factors? Socioeconomic status, Unemployment, Social connections and Social exclusion, Social Isolation, Cultural Influences, Food Security, Early life experiences, Access to Health care.
Define
What are the three factors that contribute to Health Status? Biological, SocioCultural and Environment
Define Biological Relates to the structure of cells, tissues and systems of the body and how well they function.
What are the Biological Factors? Body Weight, Blood Pressure, Blood Cholesterol, Glucose Regulation, Birth Weight Genetics (including sex, hormones, and predisposition to disease.
Whats in impact of Body Weight on Health Status? What are Risk Factors? Obesity increases the chances of developing: High Blood Pressure (hypertension) CVD Some Cancers (including Colorectal Cancer Type II Diabetes Arthritis Self Esteem Issues and depression Social Exclusion
Whats the impact of Blood Pressure on Health Status? What are Risk Factors? heart attack, stroke and kidney failure High body mass Lack of physical activity Excessive alcohol consumption ( alcohol also increase body weight) Genetic predisposition Smoking Stress Poor diet ( including too much sodium- salt)
What is the impact of Glucose Regulation on Health Status? What are Risk Factors? Genetic Predisposition Stress Lack of exercise Being overweight ( esp. around the abdomen) Excessive alcohol consumption High blood pressure Diet high in fats, especially trans fats Pregnancy …at risk of CVD & Type II Diabetes
What is the impact of Low Birth Weight? What are Risk Factors? Causes of LBW: age of mother / mothers nutritional status Smoking / excessive alcohol , illness of the mother during pregnancy
What is the impact of Genetics on Health Status? What are Risk Factors? Sex:Certain conditions are either exclusive to males or females or are more common in one of the sexes due to the biological differences between the sexes. -Genetic Predisposition: Genetics can influence how likely someone is to develop certain conditions
Define Glucose Regulation Regulation (where cells become resistant to the action of insulin, preventing glucose from being absorbed into the cells)
Define Genetics (is the body cells that control many aspects of life such as sex, body type, hormone production, predisposition of disease and aspects of personality
Define Sociocultural Relates to the social and cultural conditions into which people are born, grow, live, work and age.
What are the Sociocultural factors? Socioeconomic status, Unemployment, Social connections and Social exclusion, Social Isolation, Cultural Influences, Food Security, Early life experiences, Access to Health care.
Define Socioeconomic status A person’s position in society relative to other people base on: Income, Occupation and Education
How can income affect a persons health Income reduces a person ability to access resources like adequate housing, food, healthcare, recreation, transport & education
How can education affect a persons health Someone with low level of education may be Less likely to take notice of health promotion messages- therefore increasing risk of preventable diseases More likely to smoke and be obese due to poor nutrition and physical inactivity
How can Occupation affect a persons health some occupations involve manual labour, which can increase risk of injury other jobs are sedentary which can increase the risk of inactivity and potentially overweight or obese. Some occupations also cause stress which can impact on health status
What does access to healthcare services refer to? refers to services that promote and preserve health and wellbeing. These services diagnose, treat and/or manage disease and illness
How can access to healthcare services impact on health? Lack of health literacy: The individual may be unaware of health conditions Cultural barriers: Women from some cultures will not visit a male GP, and this reduces the number of health professionals they have access to. Income: If an individual can not
How can early life experiences impact on health? Maternal tobacco smoking and drug use- LBW, foetal alcohol syndrome Neglect and / abuse during early years affects brain function and development and can contribute to emotional and behaviour problems later in life.
What causes social exclusion? disability / family breakdown / low income/ homelessness / discrimination, including racism / poor mental health.
What does social exclusion refer to? Refers to segregation that people experience if they are not adequately participating in the society in which they live.
Define Environmental Relate to the physical features that surround us, these can be natural or those built by people
What are the environmental factors? Urban design and infrastructure, climate and climate change, housing and work environment
What does housing refer to? Having adequate housing is important for improving health status.
What are the risk factors of housing? Overcrowding: higher rates of mental health due to lack of own space, increased risk of infections spreading. Ventilation and hygiene: housing that is damp and has poor ventilation can increase risk of respiratory infections and asthma related symptoms .
What does urban design and infrastructure refer to? Having adequate infrastructure such as sealed roads (less road trauma), public transport ( helps people access resources such as employment, health care etc.) broadband ( increase social connection, access to education) assists in promoting health status.
Hows can urban design and infrastructure impact on health? Having access to public spaces such as parks, recreation facilities can improve health status. Infrastructure such as sanitation reduces risk of infectious diseases.
What groups have a lessened life expectancy? (Health Status) Those living outside major cities, Low SES, Males and Indigenous.
What groups have an increased rate of low birth weight? (Biological) Those living outside major cities, Low SES and Indigenous.
Which groups have higher rates of unemployment? (Sociocultural) Those living outside major cities, Low SES and Indigenous.
Which groups have higher rates of obesity? (Biological) Those living outside major cities, Low SES, Males and Indigenous.
Which groups have higher rates of mortality? (Health Status) Those living outside major cities, Low SES, Males and Indigenous.
Which groups have high rates of low health literacy? (Sociocultural) Low SES and indigenous.
What is another Sociocultural factor for Males? Cultural influences and gender stereotypes.
What is another Biological factor for Males? Genetics, including sex and hormones.
What are Environmental factors for Those Living Outside Major Cities? Poorer road quality, Greater driving distances, reduced proximity to resources such as healthcare, transport, recreation facilities, supermarkets and employment.
What are Environmental factors for those with Low SES? Proximity to fast food restaurants, housing, including environmental tobacco smoke.
What are Environmental factors for Indigenous? Poorer quality and overcrowded housing, poorer quality water and sanitation systems, lack of access to healthcare facilities.
What are Environmental factors for Males? Males often work in more dangerous environments.
What are the differences in population groups for smoking? More common in low SES than high SES. More common in Males than Females. More common in those in rural and remote areas compared with those in major cities. More common among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people compared with other Australians.
How does smoking contribute to health status? Contributes to higher rates of CVD, higher rates of cancer. Can cause miscarriage, low birthweight, still birth and increase the risk of SIDS if smoking occurs in pregnancy. Can cause type 2 diabetes.
What are the differences in population groups for alcohol consumption? People in low SES groups are less likely to exceed consumption guidelines than those from high SES groups. Those in remote areas are more likely to consume alcohol at risky levels than those in major cities.
How does alcohol consumption affect health status? It can increase the risk of death from road accidents, the risk of falls, injuries and drowning, rates of overweight and obesity, rate of liver disease, mental illness, some cancers, CVD and the risk of Foetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder.
What are the differences in population groups for high BMI? Obesity is more common in those living in rural and remote areas compared to those in major cities, males compared to females, Low SES groups compared to high SES, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people than other Australians.
How does high BMI affect health status? Increases the risk of type 2 diabetes, can reduce life expectancy, increase the risk of CVD, can increase the burden of disease from respiratory and musculoskeletal conditions.
How can a high intake of fat affect health? A high intake of fat can increase body mass which leads to a higher body weight which is a risk factor for type 2 diabetes, CVD, breast & colon cancers. Saturated and Trans fats increase the low density lipoproteins (LDL) cholesterol which increases CVD.
How can high intake of sugar affect health? Increases the risk of tooth decay and dental cares. Over consumption of sugar can also lead to an increase in weight gain, which increases the risk of CVD, type 2 diabetes and colon cancer.
How can a high intake of sodium affect health? Overconsumption of sodium/salt increases blood pressure which s a risk factor for CVD such as heart attack and stroke. Excessive sodium can cause calcium to be excreted in urine, which can lead to osteoporosis.
How can a low intake of fibre affect health? Fibre creates a feeling of fullness, without this a person is more likely to keep eating increasing body weight and being at risk of obesity, CVD, type 2 diabetes and colon cancer.
How can a low intake of iron affect health? May put someone at risk of anaemia - feeling of tiredness and feeling lethargic.
How can a low intake of vegetables affect health? Can decrease the intake of iron and fibre and lead to higher consumption of fat and sodium among individuals who consume more processed foods in place of vegetables. Can increase the risk of CVD, obesity and colorectal cancer.
How can a low in take of fruit affect health? Can decrease the intake of fibre and lead to higher consumption of fat and sodium among individuals who consume more processed foods in place of fruit. Can increase the risk of CVD, obesity and colorectal cancer.
How can a low in take of dairy affect health? Due to reduced consumption of calcium and phosphorus, can increase the risk of osteoporosis.
Created by: Mskan09