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health chapter 3

health chapter 4

self esteem a measure of which you value, respect, and feel confident about yourself...
what does self esteem affect? 1) everything you do 2) how you communicate 3) what decisions you make
benefits of high self esteem: 1) increased respect for yourself 2) increased ability to reach goals 3) increased willingness to try new things 4) increased feelings of value
increased respect for yourself: not harming yourself- smoking; don't put yourself down; respects values and beliefs; less likely to crumble under peer pressure
increased ability to reach goals: makes realistic goals; sticks with goals; challenges themselves to accomplish more and set higher goals
increased willingness to try new things: doesn't get discouraged easily
increased feelings of value more willing to ask for help if they need it; more likely to volunteer
risks of low self esteem; vulnerable to peer pressure; more likely to critisize yourself and others; increased risk of depression and suicide; more likely to make unhealthy decisions
self concept a measure of how you view yourself
improving your self esteem: 1) use positive self talk 2) act with integrity 3) choose supportive friends 4)accept yourself
use positive self talk: send positive messages to yourself; a way of coaching yourself about your self worth
act with integrity and what is integrity? integrity: doing what you know is right; respect others, yourself, and your values; don't let peer pressure make you go against what you know is right and what you believe in.
choose supportive friends: your friends should acknowledge your strengths and support your goals; avoid critical or disrespectful people.
accept yourself focus on your strengths instead of the weaknesses you cant change; know you are not perfect
good communication is important: 1) prevent misunderstandings 2) build healthy relationships 3) express yourself
communication styles: passive, assertive, and aggressive
speaking skills voice volume, tone and pitch, i and you message, and empathy
listening skills: active listening, paraphrasing, and body language
passive communication: just goes along with it
assertive communicator: you express yourself in a direct respectfully way
aggressive communicator -hostile and unfriendly -not effective and usually leads to bigger conflict
active listening letting the speaker know you are listening and clarify anything confusing -ask ?'s -use verbal expresions -ex: really?, tell me about it, hmmm, etc.
paraphrasing using your own words to restate what someone else says -allows you to show the person that you care about what they are saying -helps you understand
body language facial expressions, gestures, and posture -nonverbal communication -you believe body language more than you do words
voice volume -speaking too loudly or too soft can send a bad message
tone and pitch your inflection conveys your attitude -ex. Tone of voice and presentation
i and you messages An "I" message explains how you feel -a 'you' message can seem like a blame
empathy the ability to understand another person's feelings, behaviors, and attitude
mental health a state of mental well being in which you can cope with the demands of daily life
characteristics of mentally and emotionally healthy people A sense of control Ability to endure failures and frustrations Ability to see events positively Ability to express emotions in a healthy way
expressing emotions -expressing emotions can have positive and negative effects -whether what types of emotions they are, its important
managing emotions: talk it out; blow off steam; be creative
talk it out Talk your emotions out with someone you trust
blow off steam Release your bottled up energy Ex: exercising or playing a sport
be creative Release it in a creative way Ex: draw, write, do crafts, etc.
anger -try to calm down before taking action -results from helplessness and frustration -learn to recognize when you are angry -it can always be dealt with in an appropriate manner
fear fear may not be pleasant, but it is helpful -to get over fears, use self-talk and not think about how scared you are -fear of strangers… walking in dark alone fear?: good -public speaking fear; bad… get over it
guilt -alerts you that you are behaving in a way that is against your values -not a good feeling, but it's important
jealously Talking about your jealousy is often the best way to cope with it -used by the fear that something you own or love will be lost
loneliness -an emotion -enjoying time by yourself is a sign of mental health -actively seek out people
defense mechanisms An unconscious thought or behavior used to avoid unpleasant emotions; some can help you cope with difficult emotions temporarily; most just mask unwanted feelings; usually is better to manage your emotions more actively
mental disorders -an illness that affects a person's thoughts, emotions, and behaviors -mental disorders are often misunderstood -many are treatable -knowing the symptoms can help you understand mental disorders
symptom a change in a person's body or mind caused by a disease or disorder
common symptoms to mental disorders Too much or too little sleep Feeling of extreme sadness Unexplained mood changes Drug or alcohol abuse Inability to concentrate Extreme anxiety or irrational fear Personality changes False perception of reality
depression Is sadness and hopelessness that keeps a person from carrying out everyday activities
symptoms to depression Clinical depression is a 14 straight days 24/7 of never feeling happy -lack of energy, loss of appetite or overeating, too much or too little sleep, feelings of helplessness and hopelessness
what to do if you are feeling depressed Face the problem Take action
face the problem: - seek professional help
take action - some ways to cope with depression include -changing negative thinking -seeking support from others -increasing physical activity
identify the problem try to find out what is causing the depression - It could be loneliness, a loss, or a chemical imbalance
types of mental disorders ADHD, Anxiety disorders, phobias, OCD
ADHD -Is the most commonly diagnosed mental disorder in children -it is a lifelong disorder
Anxiety disorders are fear based disorders that can keep you from taking part in daily activities =Panic disorder -type of anxiety disorder -may feel extreme fear during a panic attack even though they are
phobias -excessive or persistent fear of something that may or may not cause any real danger
OCD -triggered by uncomfortable thoughts (obsessions) and be repetitive behaviors (compulsions)
cause of mental disorders -some mental disorders develop from traumatic or stressful life experiences Ex: death, accident, an abusive event -some are inherited -some are caused by physical disorders or injuries ex: brain tumor, infection, alcoholism- most can be treated or cured
help for mental disorders psychotherapy; group therapy, medication
psychotherapy is especially useful treating Mental disorders caused by traumatic experiences (look into the past to see the cause)
group therapy - A licensed therapist leads a group of people who have similar issues.
medication -has to be monitored… can also help in the treatment of some mental disorders
examples of defense mechanisms see chart
what was your self esteem number for the survey? 90
how do we build self esteem? 1) by mastering tasks 2) by watching others succeed 3) receiving encouragement from others 4) our internal states good
mastering tasks we feel more confident when we have completed a goal
watching others succeed "if someone similar can do it, so can i".. builds our confidence in being able to complete goals
receiving encouragement from others if others believe that we have what it takes, it builds our confidence that we really do have the confidence
our internal state during a challenging task, our bodies may experience fatigue, aches, pains, or tension. If you take these as evidence that you dont have what it takes to succeed, self esteem will be lowered.
what age does self esteem develop? around age 5
Created by: megan_boehl1