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Nutrition

Vocabulary

TermDefinition
carbohydate A chemical composed of one or more simple sugars; includes sugars, starches, and fiber
protien A nutrient that supplies the body with energy for building and repairing tissues and cells.
fat An energy storage nutrient that help the body store some vitamins.
What are the 6 essential nutrients for the body? Carbohydrates, protiens, fats, vitamins, minerals, water
Nutrient A substance in food that the body needs in order to work properly.
Digestion The process of breaking down food into a form that the body can use.
Diet A pattern of eating that includes what a person eats, how much a person eats, and how often a person eats.
Calorie A unit used to measure the amount of energy that the body gets from food.
Metabolism The process by which the body converts the energy in food into energy that the body can use.
Carbohydrate A chemical composed of one or more simple sugars; includes sugars, starches, and fiber
Vitamin An organic compound that controls many body functions and that is needed in small amounts to maintain health and allow growth.
Mineral A element that is essential for good health.
Dietary Guidelines for Americans A set of suggestions designed to help people develop healthy eating habits and increase physical activity levels.
Choose My Plate A tool for choosing what kinds of foods to eat and how much of each food to eat every day.
Nutrition Facts Label A label that is found on the outside packages of food and that states the number of servings in the container, the number of calories in each serving, and the amount of nutrients in each serving
Body Image The way that you see yourself and imagine your body.
Self Esteem A measure of how much you value, respect, and feel confident about yourself
Eating Disorder A disease in which a person has an unhealthy concern for his or her body weight and shape.
Anorexia Nervosa An eating disorder that involves self-starvation, an unhealthy body image, ad extreme weight loss.
Bulimia Nervosa An eating disorder in which a person eats a large amount of food and then tries to remove the food from his or her body.
Binge Eating Disorder An eating disorder in which a person has difficulty controlling how much food he or she eats.
Healthy Weight Range An estimate of how much one should weight depending on one’s height and body frame
Body Mass Index A measurement that is used to determine one’s healthy weight range.
Fad Diet A diet that promises quick weight loss with little effort.
Saturated Fats A fat that contains only saturated fatty acids, is solid at room temperature, and comes chiefly from animal food products. Saturated fat tends to raise the level of cholesterol in the blood.
Malnutrition lack of proper nutrition, caused by not having enough to eat, not eating enough of the right things, or being unable to use the food that one does eat.
Overweight above a weight considered normal or desirable
Obesity the condition of being grossly fat or overweight
Sodium Helps regulates blood pressure
Created by: mturner