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History of Health

Invented the isolated radium in 1910 Marie Curie
Established the patterns of hereditary Gregory Mendel
Developed a vaccine for smallpox in 1796 Edward Jenner
Decribed the circulation of blood to and from the heart William Harvey
Began public health and sanitation systems The Romans
Discovered X-rays in 1895 William Roentgen
The father of medicine The Hippocrates
Discovered penicillin in 1928 Sir Alexander Fleming
The artist who used dissection to draw the human body Leonardo da Vinci
Emphasis was placed on saving the soul and study of medicine was prohibited Dark Ages
Founded the American Red Cross in 1881 Clara Barton
Earliest people to maintain accurate health records The Egyptians
Began pasteurizing milk to bacteria Louis Pasteur
Used acupuncture to relieve pain and congestion The Chinese
Developed the culture plate method to identify pathogens Robert Koch
Founder of modern nursing Florence Nightingale
Began using disinfectants and antiseptics during surgery Joseph Lister
Created the first mercury thermometer Gabriel Fahrenheit
Developed the polio vaccine in 1952 Jonas Salk
An Arab physician who began the use of animal gut for suture material
What did ancient people think was the cause of disease and illness? Evil spirits/Demons
4 things Hippocrates stressed to help the body heal itself Good diet, cleanliness, fresh air, and exercise
What is the Rod of Asclepius? A deity associated with healing and medicine. The symbol has continued to be used in modern times, where it is associated with medicine and health care, yet frequently confused with the staff of the god Hermes.
In the Dark Ages, what was the main method used to treat illness and disease? Prayer
4 diseases that shortened the life span of individuals in the Middle Ages Bubonic plague, small pox, scurvy, and typhus
Why was dissection a major advance in health care during the Renaissance? It helped people understand parts of the body
What was the significance of the invention of the microscope in 1666? It allowed physicians to see pathogens that were too small to be seen by the human eye
What did apothecaries use to make many of the medications in the 17th century? Plants and herbs
Why was the invention of the stethoscope in 1819 important? It's used to listen to internal body sounds which increased knowledge of the human body
The first woman in America to graduate from medical school Elizabeth Blackwell
The superintended of female nurses in the army Dorothea Dix
Why was the discovery of DNA in 1953 so important? It began the search for gene therapy to cure inherited diseases
What helped medicine progress faster in the 20th century than in all previous years? Technology
Fabric of the human body Andreas Vesalius
Blood group Karl Landsteiner
Nitrous oxide and anesthesia Dr Horance Wells, William Morton and Crawford Long
Hand washing policy Ignaz Semmelweis
Vitamins James Lind
Chemotherapy drugs Gerhard Bomagk
Insulin John James and Rickard Macelod
Discovered genetic origins of cancer Michael Bishop and Harold Varmus
HIV/AIDS Luk Montagnier and Robert Gallo
Joseph Murray Organ transplantation
Created by: theajabonillo