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Chapter 6

HIT 226: Human Diseases

QuestionAnswer
Which cells build bones: Osteoblast, Osteoclast, Osteocytes? Osteoblast
What does bones do? Bone produce blood, provide support, store minerals, protect soft tissue, and help create body motion
What are four categories of bones? long bones, short bones, flat bones, irregular bones
Which cells reabsorb bones: Osteoblast, Osteoclast, Osteocytes? Osteoclast
What is the name for the disease that causes a humped curvature of the spine, which is called hunchback? Kyphosis
What is the name for the disease that causes an inward curve of the spine, which is called swayback? Lordosis
What is the name for the disease that causes a lateral curve of the spine? Scoliosis
Name the disease that decreases bone mass, decreases a person’s height, and gives a person a humpback appearance in older adults. Osteoporosis
Name the disease that is caused by a bacteria in bones that decreases the length in long bones in arms and legs, which leads to shorten limb Osteomyelitis
What is another name for osteomalacia? Rickets (soften of bones that leads to bending of bones because of lack of vitamin D)
Name the disease that usually destroys joints which cause the body part look deformed. Rheumatoid Arthritis
What is the name of the disease that is caused by uric acid deposits in joints? Gout
What is the name of the fracture that does breaks the skin? Open fracture
What is the name of the fracture that does not break the skin? Close Fracture
What is the name of the fracture that does not completely break through the bone? Incomplete Fracture
Which injury affects muscle: Strain or Sprain? Strain
Which injury affects ligaments: Strain or Sprain? Sprain
What does RICE stands for and which injury do you use for? Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation; Sprain
Name the disease that causes inflammation in the fluid-filled sac, which is near joints. Bursitis
Name the disease that is caused by repetitive motion in hands and wrist, which leads to numbness, pain, swelling, and discoloration. Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
Which cells build bones: Osteoblast, Osteoclast, Osteocytes? Osteoblast
What does bones do? Bone produce blood, provide support, store minerals, protect soft tissue, and help create body motion
What are four categories of bones? long bones, short bones, flat bones, irregular bones
Which cells reabsorb bones: Osteoblast, Osteoclast, Osteocytes? Osteoclast
What is the name for the disease that causes a humped curvature of the spine, which is called hunchback? Kyphosis
What is the name for the disease that causes an inward curve of the spine, which is called swayback? Lordosis
What is the name for the disease that causes a lateral curve of the spine? Scoliosis
Name the disease that decreases bone mass, decreases a person’s height, and gives a person a humpback appearance in older adults. Osteoporosis
Name the disease that is caused by a bacteria in bones that decreases the length in long bones in arms and legs, which leads to shorten limb Osteomyelitis
What is another name for osteomalacia? Rickets (soften of bones that leads to bending of bones because of lack of vitamin D)
Name the disease that usually destroys joints which cause the body part look deformed. Rheumatoid Arthritis
What is the name of the disease that is caused by uric acid deposits in joints? Gout
What is the name of the fracture that does breaks the skin? Open fracture
What is the name of the fracture that does not break the skin? Close Fracture
What is the name of the fracture that does not completely break through the bone? Incomplete Fracture
Which injury affects muscle: Strain or Sprain? Strain
Which injury affects ligaments: Strain or Sprain? Sprain
What does RICE stands for and which injury do you use for? Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation; Sprain
Name the disease that causes inflammation in the fluid-filled sac, which is near joints. Bursitis
Name the disease that is caused by repetitive motion in hands and wrist, which leads to numbness, pain, swelling, and discoloration. Carpal Tunnel Syndrome