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CityMD Medical Terms

Basic Medical Terminology from CityMD's medical staff training- EASY (9/17)

TermDefinition
(Anatomical Directions) Superior Situated above or higher than another part
(Anatomical Directions) Inferior Located beneath or directed downward
(Anatomical Directions) Distal Located far from a point of reference
(Anatomical Directions) Proximal Located nearer to a point of reference
(Anatomical Directions) Volar Relating to the palm of the hand or the sole of the foot
(Anatomical Directions) Palmar Pertaining to the palm of the hand
(Anatomical Directions) Dorsal Near the back or upper surface of the body
(Anatomical Directions) Ventral Close to the anterior or abdominal aspect or the lower surface of the body
(Anatomical Directions) Plantar Relating to the sole of the foot
(Anatomical Directions) Anterior Located near the front or on the ventral surface of the body
(Anatomical Directions) Posterior Located behind or on the dorsal surface of the body
(Anatomical Directions) Lateral Pertaining to or directed to a side
(Anatomical Directions) Medial Situated near the middle or on the median plane
(Anatomical Directions) Supine Lying on the back with the face and palms upward
(Anatomical Directions) Prone Lying flat with the face downward
(Anatomical Directions) Unilateral Affecting or confined to one side only
(Anatomical Directions) Bilateral Occurring on or involving both sides of a part
(Anatomical Directions) Superficial Existing or occurring on the surface or immediately beneath it
(General Nomenclature) -itis Inflammation or disease of something specified
(General Nomenclature) Dys- Abnormal, difficult or impaired
(General Nomenclature) Hem- Pertaining to blood
(General Nomenclature) Gastro- Pertaining to the stomach
(General Nomenclature) -uria Presence of a specified substance in urine
(General Nomenclature) -phagia Eating or swallowing
(General Nomenclature) -algia Denoting pain in a specified part of the body
(General Nomenclature) Poly- More than usual, excessive or abnormal amount
(General Nomenclature) A- Abnormal absence or suppression
(General Nomenclature) Tachy- Rapid, accelerated rate
(General Nomenclature) Brady- Slow, decreased rate
(General Nomenclature) Intra- Within or inside something
(General Nomenclature) Inter- In between or among layers
(General Nomenclature) Oto- Pertaining to the ear
(General Nomenclature) Ophthalm- Pertaining to the eye
(General Nomenclature) Chole- Indicating bile or gallbladder
(General Nomenclature) Cyst- Bladder or sac
(General Nomenclature) -ectomy Surgical removal of a specified part of the body
(General Nomenclature) Adeno- Gland or glandular
(General Nomenclature) -rhea Flow, discharge
(General Nomenclature) Hypo- Below, beneath, underneath or less than normal
(General Nomenclature) Hyper- Above, over or in excess
(General Nomenclature) Acute Rapid onset followed by a short severe course
(General Nomenclature) Chronic Developing slowly and of long duration with frequent recurrence
(General Nomenclature) Localized Restricted, focal or limited to a specific part
(General Nomenclature) Diffuse Widely dispersed, spread out, not limited, generalized
(General Nomenclature) Intermittent Occurring occasionally or at regular or irregular intervals
(General Nomenclature) Recurrent Occurring periodically or appearing repeatedly
(Systemic Medical Terminology) Febrile Having a fever
(Systemic Medical Terminology) Fever Abnormally high body temperature (oral temperature > 99.5 °F or ear temperature >100.4 °F)
(Systemic Medical Terminology) Night Sweats Excessive sweating during sleep
(Systemic Medical Terminology) Malaise Feeling of general discomfort or uneasiness
(Systemic Medical Terminology) Fatigue State of physical or mental weakness or tiredness
(Systemic Medical Terminology) Diaphoresis Excessive sweating
(Systemic Medical Terminology) Myalgia Muscle pain or body ache
(Systemic Medical Terminology) Inflammation Localized reaction of a tissue to irritation or injury, characterized by pain, redness and swelling
(Systemic Medical Terminology) BMI Body mass index, ratio of weight to height used to determine a person’s nutritional level (underweight or obese)
(Systemic Medical Terminology) SpO2 Saturation level of oxygen in blood, determined via pulse oximetry by placing a device on the finger
(Systematic Common Diagnoses) Influenza The Flu, caused by a virus typically transmitted through the air, characterized by fever, chills, body aches and URI (upper respiratory tract infection) symptoms
(Systematic Common Diagnoses) Viral Syndrome Viral illness with a combination of constitutional and respiratory symptoms
(Ophthalmologic → Basic Anatomy) Cornea Transparent front part of the eye
(Ophthalmologic → Basic Anatomy) Pupil Hole or aperture located in the center of the iris
(Ophthalmologic → Basic Anatomy) Iris Circular, colored portion of the eye responsible for controlling the size of the pupil
(Ophthalmologic → Basic Anatomy) Conjunctiva Thin layer covering the inside of the eyelids and the sclera (white portion of the eye)
(Ophthalmologic → Basic Anatomy) Eyelid Thin fold of skin that covers and protects the eye
(Ophthalmologic → Basic Anatomy) Sclera Opaque, white, fibrous, protective, outer layer of the eye
(Ophthalmologic → Basic Anatomy) Retina Innermost light sensitive layer of the eye
(Ophthalmologic → Basic Anatomy) Lens Transparent elastic curved structure behind the iris that helps in focusing light on the retina
(Ophthalmologic → Medical Terminology) Erythema Redness of the outer covering layer
(Ophthalmologic → Medical Terminology) Edema Abnormal fluid accumulation beneath the skin, leading to swelling
(Ophthalmologic → Medical Terminology) Ecchymosis Bruising or discoloration of the outer covering layer
(Ophthalmologic → Medical Terminology) Discharge Secretion of fluid from certain parts of the body
(Ophthalmologic → Medical Terminology) Injection Red discoloration of the eye
(Ophthalmologic → Medical Terminology) Photophobia Pain or discomfort in the eyes when looking at light
(Ophthalmologic → Common Diagnoses) Conjunctivitis (Pink Eye) Inflammation or infection of the conjunctiva, characterized by redness and often discharge
(Ear/Nose/Throat → Basic Anatomy) Tympanic Membrane (TM) Eardrum
(Ear/Nose/Throat → Basic Anatomy) Auricle Pinna or outer projecting portion of the ear
(Ear/Nose/Throat → Basic Anatomy) Ear Canal Narrow, tube-like passage through which sound enters the ear
(Ear/Nose/Throat → Basic Anatomy) External Ear Outer portion of the ear, including the auricle and the canal
(Ear/Nose/Throat → Basic Anatomy) Eustachian Tube Auditory tube or a narrow channel connecting the middle ear and the nasopharynx
(Ear/Nose/Throat → Basic Anatomy) Nasal Septum Partition of bone and cartilage between the nasal cavities
(Ear/Nose/Throat → Basic Anatomy) Sinus Air-filled cavities in the bones of the forehead and face
(Ear/Nose/Throat → Basic Anatomy) Frontal Sinuses Pair of air-filled cavities in the frontal bone of the skull
(Ear/Nose/Throat → Basic Anatomy) Maxillary Sinuses Pair of air-filled cavities in the maxillary bone of the skull
(Ear/Nose/Throat → Basic Anatomy) Pharynx Area at the back of the mouth, extending from the nasal cavity to the larynx
(Ear/Nose/Throat → Basic Anatomy) Tonsils Two oval-shaped masses of lymphoid tissue at the back of the throat between the mouth and the pharynx
(Ear/Nose/Throat → Basic Anatomy) Uvula Small, conical, fleshy mass of tissue suspended from the center of the soft palate
(Ear/Nose/Throat → Basic Anatomy) Gingiva Gums, enveloping the teeth
(Ear/Nose/Throat → Medical Terminology) Effusion Seepage of fluid into a body cavity or tissue
(Ear/Nose/Throat → Medical Terminology) Exudate Fluid or pus that has seeped out of blood vessels, tissues or organs due to inflammation
(Ear/Nose/Throat → Medical Terminology) Tonsillar Exudates White pus deposits on the tonsils
(Ear/Nose/Throat → Medical Terminology) Bulging TM Occurs due to fluid collection in the middle ear cavity
(Ear/Nose/Throat → Medical Terminology) Cerumen Earwax present in the ear canal
(Ear/Nose/Throat → Medical Terminology) Post Nasal Drip Accumulation of excess mucous in the throat or the back of the nose, produced by the nasal mucosa
(Ear/Nose/Throat → Medical Terminology) Tinnitus Ringing sound within the ear
(Ear/Nose/Throat → Medical Terminology) Vertigo Type of dizziness involving the sensation of spinning around
(Ear/Nose/Throat → Medical Terminology) Dysphagia Difficulty or inability to swallow (rare in an urgent care setup)
(Ear/Nose/Throat → Medical Terminology) Odynophagia Pain or discomfort in swallowing, usually occurring due to throat infections
(Ear/Nose/Throat → Common Diagnoses) Otitis Media Inflammation of the middle ear due to infection
(Ear/Nose/Throat → Common Diagnoses) Otitis Externa (Swimmer’s Ear) Inflammation of the outer ear and ear canal due to infection
(Ear/Nose/Throat → Common Diagnoses) Otalgia Earache or pain in the ear
(Ear/Nose/Throat → Common Diagnoses) Otorrhea Discharge from the ear
(Ear/Nose/Throat → Common Diagnoses) Pharyngitis Inflammation of the throat due to viral or bacterial infections
(Ear/Nose/Throat → Common Diagnoses) Tonsillitis Infection, inflammation and swelling of the tonsils
(Ear/Nose/Throat → Common Diagnoses) Sinusitis Inflammation of the mucous membrane lining the sinuses due to infection
(Ear/Nose/Throat → Common Diagnoses) Rhinorrhea Runny nose or persistent watery mucus discharge from the nose
(Ear/Nose/Throat → Common Diagnoses) Congestion Narrowing of passages due to swollen membranes from inflamed blood vessels
(Ear/Nose/Throat → Common Diagnoses) Epistaxis Nosebleed or hemorrhage from the nose
(Cardiovascular → Basic Anatomy) Thorax Chest, part of the body between the neck and the abdomen
(Cardiovascular → Basic Anatomy) (Thorax) Cardiac Pertaining to the heart
(Cardiovascular → Basic Anatomy) (Thorax) Costal Pertaining to the ribs
(Cardiovascular → Basic Anatomy) (Thorax) Sternum Breastbone, long flat bone present in the middle of the anterior wall of the thorax
(Cardiovascular → Basic Anatomy) Vasculature Arrangement of blood vessels
(Cardiovascular → Basic Anatomy) (Vasculature) Brachial Artery Major blood vessel of the upper arm
(Cardiovascular → Basic Anatomy) (Vasculature) Radial Artery Main artery at the lateral part of the wrist proximal to the thumb, where a pulse is usually taken
(Cardiovascular → Medical Terminology) Syncope Fainting or loss of consciousness resulting from insufficient blood flow to the brain
(Cardiovascular → Medical Terminology) Palpitations Sensation of an abnormally fast heartbeat or with an irregular rate
(Cardiovascular → Medical Terminology) Arrhythmia Abnormal or irregular heartbeat
(Cardiovascular → Medical Terminology) Tachycardia Heart rate exceeding the normal range (resting heart rate >100 bpm)
(Cardiovascular → Medical Terminology) Bradycardia Slow heart rate below the normal range (resting heart rate < 60 bpm)
(Cardiovascular → Medical Terminology) Murmurs Pathologic audible heart sounds produced as a result of turbulent blood flow
(Cardiovascular → Medical Terminology) Myocardial Infarction Heart attack or injury to the heart muscle due to improper blood flow to the heart
(Cardiovascular → Common Diagnoses) Atypical Chest Pain Chest pain that is sharp, sudden, random and short- lived
(Cardiovascular → Common Diagnoses) Atrial Fibrillation Abnormal rapid irregular heartbeat (like a drum with no rhythm)
(Cardiovascular → Common Diagnoses) Hypertension Long-standing high blood pressure, reading above 140/90 mm Hg, associated with a chronic underlying cause
(Cardiovascular → Common Diagnoses) Hypotension Long-standing low blood pressure, reading below 90/60 mm Hg
(Cardiovascular → Common Diagnoses) Hypercholesterolemia Higher than normal levels of cholesterol in the blood
(Respiratory → Basic Anatomy) (Respiratory → Basic Anatomy) Pulmonary Pertaining to the lungs
(Respiratory → Basic Anatomy) Larynx Voice box, air passage between the lower pharynx and the trachea containing the vocal chords
(Respiratory → Basic Anatomy) Trachea Windpipe, tubed airway extending from the larynx into the thorax eventually dividing into bronchi
(Respiratory → Basic Anatomy) Bronchi Two main branches of the trachea leading into the lungs
(Respiratory → Basic Anatomy) Alveoli Small air sacs or cavities in the lungs where the exchange of gases takes place
(Respiratory → Medical Terminology) Sputum Phlegm, coughed up mass of salivary matter and mucus
(Respiratory → Medical Terminology) Inspiration Inhalation of air into the lungs or to breathe in
(Respiratory → Medical Terminology) Expiration Exhalation of air from the lungs or to breathe out
(Respiratory → Medical Terminology) Wheeze Hoarse whistling sound produced with difficulty in breathing
(Respiratory → Medical Terminology) Stridor Noisy breathing due to narrowed airways
(Respiratory → Medical Terminology) Rhonchi Continuous coarse rattling snore-like sounds in the throat or bronchi, lower-pitched than a wheeze
(Respiratory → Medical Terminology) Rales Crackles or coarse short discontinuous sounds heard during inhalation
(Respiratory → Medical Terminology) Crepitus Crackling crunching sound produced due to presence or discharge of gas
(Respiratory → Medical Terminology) Dyspnea Shortness of breath or difficulty in breathing or air
(Respiratory → Medical Terminology) Hemoptysis Coughing up of blood or bloody sputum from the lungs or airway
(Respiratory → Medical Terminology) Infiltrates Cells or body fluids that have passed into the lung tissue, suggestive of pneumonia or infection of the lungs
(Respiratory → Common Diagnoses) Pneumonia Infection of the lung primarily involving inflammation of the alveoli
(Respiratory → Common Diagnoses) Bronchitis Inflammation of the air passages including trachea and bronchi
(Respiratory → Common Diagnoses) Asthma Chronic inflammatory disease of the airways causing them to spasm and swell periodically, leading to narrowing of the passages and difficulty in breathing
(Gastrointestinal → Basic Anatomy) Abdomen Belly or region of the body between the thorax and pelvis
(Gastrointestinal → Basic Anatomy) (Abdomen) Right Upper Quadrant (RUQ) Important for liver, gallbladder
(Gastrointestinal → Basic Anatomy) (Abdomen) Left Upper Quadrant (LUQ) Important for stomach, spleen, pancreas
(Gastrointestinal → Basic Anatomy) (Abdomen) Right Lower Quadrant (RLQ) Important for right ovary, appendix, right ureter
(Gastrointestinal → Basic Anatomy) (Abdomen) Left Lower Quadrant (LLQ) Important for left ovary, left ureter
(Gastrointestinal → Basic Anatomy) (Abdomen) Right Lumbar Region Middle right region important for right kidney
(Gastrointestinal → Basic Anatomy) (Abdomen) Left Lumbar Region Middle left region important for left kidney
(Gastrointestinal → Basic Anatomy) (Abdomen) Epigastric Region Top center region important for stomach
(Gastrointestinal → Basic Anatomy) Esophagus Passage or tube extending from the pharynx to the stomach
(Gastrointestinal → Basic Anatomy) Stomach Enlarged sac-like portion of the digestive tract between the esophagus and small intestine
(Gastrointestinal → Basic Anatomy) Small Intestine Narrow proximal portion of the intestine extending from the stomach to the cecum
(Gastrointestinal → Basic Anatomy) Large Intestine Wider distal portion of the intestine extending from the ileum to the anus
(Gastrointestinal → Basic Anatomy) Appendix Accessory worm-shaped pouch attached to the cecum
(Gastrointestinal → Abdominal Organs) Liver Largest gland of the body which secretes bile and is located in the upper right portion of the abdominal cavity
(Gastrointestinal → Abdominal Organs) Gallbladder Small sac present on the posterior surface of the liver which serves as a reservoir for bile
(Gastrointestinal → Abdominal Organs) Spleen Large lymphoid organ situated in the upper left part of the abdominal cavity which acts as a reservoir for blood cells
(Gastrointestinal → Abdominal Organs) Pancreas Large elongated gland lying transversely behind the stomach whose secretions include insulin
(Gastrointestinal → Medical Terminology) Diarrhea Condition of having three or more loose or liquid bowel movements per day
(Gastrointestinal → Medical Terminology) Constipation Infrequent or difficult evacuation of feces
(Gastrointestinal → Medical Terminology) Distension State of being swollen or stretched
(Gastrointestinal → Medical Terminology) Emesis Vomiting, forcible ejection of contents of stomach through the mouth
(Gastrointestinal → Medical Terminology) Nausea Unpleasant sensation characterized by gastrointestinal distress and an urge to vomit
(Gastrointestinal → Medical Terminology) Bloating Abdominal distension due to swallowed air or intestinal gas
(Gastrointestinal → Medical Terminology) Organomegaly Visceromegaly or abnormal enlargement of an organ
(Gastrointestinal → Medical Terminology) Melena Passage of black tar-like stools containing digested blood, usually resulting from upper GI tract bleeding
(Gastrointestinal → Medical Terminology) Hematochezia Passage of bloody stools containing fresh blood, usually resulting from bleeding in the colon or rectum
(Gastrointestinal → Medical Terminology) Hematemesis Vomiting of bright red blood, indicating rapid upper GI bleeding
(Gastrointestinal → Medical Terminology) Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) Heartburn, regurgitation of stomach contents containing acid into the esophagus
(Gastrointestinal → Medical Terminology) Guarding Involuntary or voluntary muscular contraction secondary to pain, detected during physical examination
(Gastrointestinal → Medical Terminology) Rebound Tenderness Pain or tenderness occurring upon the release of pressure over a part
(Gastrointestinal → Common Diagnoses) Gastritis Inflammation of the lining of the stomach
(Gastrointestinal → Common Diagnoses) Gastroenteritis Stomach flu or intestinal flu or inflammation due to infection or irritation of the GI tract, particularly the stomach and intestine, leading to vomiting and diarrhea
(Gastrointestinal → Common Diagnoses) Appendicitis Inflammation of the appendix and is a medical emergency as it can lead to rupture of the appendix
(Gastrointestinal → Common Diagnoses) Cholecystitis Inflammation of the gallbladder due to bacterial infection or the presence of gallstones
(Genitourinary → Basic Anatomy) Kidneys Pair of organs located in the lower back area responsible for filtration of blood and secreting the waste material as urine
(Genitourinary → Basic Anatomy) Ureters Tubes connecting the kidneys to the bladder for transmission of urine
(Genitourinary → Basic Anatomy) Urinary Bladder Muscular sac in the anterior part of the pelvic cavity which serves as a reservoir for urine
(Genitourinary → Basic Anatomy) Urethra Canal through which urine is discharged from the bladder to the exterior as well as semen in males
(Genitourinary → Medical Terminology) Dysuria Painful or difficult urination
(Genitourinary → Medical Terminology) Hematuria Blood in the urine
(Genitourinary → Medical Terminology) Urinary Frequency Urination at short intervals or having to urinate frequently
(Genitourinary → Medical Terminology) Urinary Urgency Sudden almost incontrollable need to urinate
(Genitourinary → Medical Terminology) Urinary Incontinence Inability to control urination leading to leakage of urine
(Genitourinary → Medical Terminology) Urinary Retention Accumulation of urine in the bladder due to inability to urinate
(Genitourinary → Medical Terminology) Flank/CVA Tenderness Pain elicited by tapping on each side of the mid-back area overlying the kidney
(Genitourinary → Common Diagnoses) Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) Infection of one or more structures in the urinary system, more common in females than in males
(Genitourinary → Common Diagnoses) Pyelonephritis Inflammation or infection of the kidneys and upper urinary tract usually resulting from bacterial infection of the bladder
(Genitourinary → Common Diagnoses) Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD) Venereal diseases or illnesses that get transmitted through vaginal/anal/oral sex, shared IV needles or blood transfusions, such as gonorrhea, chlamydia, syphilis, candidiasis, hepatitis-B, hepatitis-C, herpes, HIV, HPV and trichomoniasis.
(Musculoskeletal → Basic Anatomy) (Major Bones) Cranium Skull
(Musculoskeletal → Basic Anatomy) (Major Bones) Maxilla Upper jaw
(Musculoskeletal → Basic Anatomy) (Major Bones) Mandible Lower jaw
(Musculoskeletal → Basic Anatomy) (Major Bones) Sternum Breastbone
(Musculoskeletal → Basic Anatomy) (Major Bones) Humerus Upper arm bone
(Musculoskeletal → Basic Anatomy) (Major Bones) Radius Lateral bone of the forearm, on the same side as the thumb
(Musculoskeletal → Basic Anatomy) (Major Bones) Ulna Medial bone of the forearm, on the same side as the little finger
(Musculoskeletal → Basic Anatomy) (Major Bones) Carpals Wrist bones
(Musculoskeletal → Basic Anatomy) (Major Bones) Metacarpals Bones of the hands and knuckles
(Musculoskeletal → Basic Anatomy) (Major Bones) Phalanges Bones of the fingers and toes
(Musculoskeletal → Basic Anatomy) (Major Bones) Pelvic Bone Hip bone (Musculoskeletal → Basic Anatomy) (Major Bones) Femur
(Musculoskeletal → Basic Anatomy) (Major Bones) Patella Kneecap
(Musculoskeletal → Basic Anatomy) (Major Bones) Tibia Shinbone, shankbone, medial bone of lower leg
(Musculoskeletal → Basic Anatomy) (Major Bones) Fibula Calfbone, lateral bone of the lower leg
(Musculoskeletal → Basic Anatomy) (Major Bones) Medial Malleolus Inside part of the ankle
(Musculoskeletal → Basic Anatomy) (Major Bones) Lateral Malleolus Outside part of the ankle
(Musculoskeletal → Basic Anatomy) (Major Bones) Metatarsals Bones of the feet
(Musculoskeletal → Basic Anatomy) (Vertebral Column) Cervical The first seven segments of the vertebral column
(Musculoskeletal → Basic Anatomy) (Vertebral Column) Thoracic The twelve vertebrae composing the middle segment of the vertebral column
(Musculoskeletal → Basic Anatomy) (Vertebral Column) Lumbar The five largest segments of the vertebral column in the lower back
(Musculoskeletal → Basic Anatomy) (Vertebral Column) Sacrum Large triangular bone at the base of the spine
(Musculoskeletal → Basic Anatomy) (Vertebral Column) Coccyx Tailbone or small triangular bone at the end of the spine
(Musculoskeletal → Basic Anatomy) Ligament Band or sheet of tough fibrous tissue connecting two or more bones, cartilages or other structures to provide support
(Musculoskeletal → Basic Anatomy) Tendon Fibrous tough cord of connective tissue attaching a muscle to a bone or cartilage
(Musculoskeletal → Basic Anatomy) Achilles Tendon Large tendon at the back of the heel
(Musculoskeletal → Medical Terminology) Flexion Joint movement that decreases the angle between the bones
(Musculoskeletal → Medical Terminology) Extension Joint movement that increases the angle between the bones
(Musculoskeletal → Medical Terminology) Adduction Movement which brings a limb closer to the body
(Musculoskeletal → Medical Terminology) Abduction Movement which draws a limb away from the body
(Musculoskeletal → Medical Terminology) Inversion Movement where the foot is tilted inwards
(Musculoskeletal → Medical Terminology) Eversion Movement where the foot is tilted outwards
(Musculoskeletal → Medical Terminology) Contusion Bruise, injury to a body part without a break in the skin
(Musculoskeletal → Medical Terminology) Sprain Twisting joint injury when it is carried beyond its normal range of motion without fracture or dislocation
(Musculoskeletal → Medical Terminology) Strain Overstretching or overexertion of a muscle
(Musculoskeletal → Medical Terminology) Fracture Break, rupture or crack in a bone or cartilage
(Musculoskeletal → Medical Terminology) Dislocation Displacement of a bone from its normal position at a joint
(Musculoskeletal → Medical Terminology) Tenderness Pain, discomfort or soreness to touch or pressure
(Musculoskeletal → Medical Terminology) Axilla Armpit or underarm
(Musculoskeletal → Common Diagnoses) Sciatica Pain and tenderness in the lower back and along the back of the thigh caused by compression or irritation of a sciatic nerve root
(Dermatologic → Medical Terminology) (Trauma Associated) Laceration Tear or cut of the skin
(Dermatologic → Medical Terminology) (Trauma Associated) Lesion Injury, wound or localized pathological change in a body part
(Dermatologic → Medical Terminology) (Trauma Associated) Abrasion Scraped skin due to friction
(Dermatologic → Medical Terminology) (Trauma Associated) Excoriation Superficial tear of the skin
(Dermatologic → Medical Terminology) (Trauma Associated) Wound Physical injury causing a cut or broken skin
(Dermatologic → Medical Terminology) (Trauma Associated) Burn Injury to tissues caused by contact with heat, flame, chemicals or electricity
(Dermatologic → Medical Terminology) (Rashes and Reactions) Pruritis Itching of skin
(Dermatologic → Medical Terminology) (Rashes and Reactions) Rash Spotted pink or red skin eruption may be accompanied by itching
(Dermatologic → Medical Terminology) (Rashes and Reactions) Urticaria Hives or appearance of slightly raised erythematous (red) patches with severe itching
(Dermatologic → Medical Terminology) (Rashes and Reactions) Allergy Abnormal body reaction to a specific substance, typically leading to a rash or swelling
(Dermatologic → Medical Terminology) (Rashes and Reactions) Papules Firm bumps on the skin with no visible fluid
(Dermatologic → Medical Terminology) (Rashes and Reactions) Jaundice Yellow discoloration of the skin and sclera due to increased level of bile pigments in the blood resulting from liver disease
(Dermatologic → Medical Terminology) (Rashes and Reactions) Macules Flat discolored spots on the skin surface
(Dermatologic → Medical Terminology) (Rashes and Reactions) Vesicles Small blisters or elevations on the skin containing fluid
(Dermatologic → Medical Terminology) (Rashes and Reactions) Abscess Pus pocket or enclosed collection of pus in any tissue of the body in response to infection or presence of foreign material
(Dermatologic → Medical Terminology) (Rashes and Reactions) Pus Thick yellowish-white or greenish-yellow fluid made up of dead cells and tissue, formed due to infection
(Dermatologic → Medical Terminology) (Rashes and Reactions) Cyst Abnormal closed sac in the body or under the skin containing fluid
(Dermatologic → Medical Terminology) (Rashes and Reactions) PPD Purified protein derivative, used in tuberculin skin sensitivity screening test for tuberculosis
(Dermatologic → Common Diagnoses) Dermatitis Inflammation of the skin usually characterized by an itchy pink or red rash
(Dermatologic → Common Diagnoses) Shingles (Herpes Zoster) Viral infection causing a painful rash occurring usually on the face or as a single stripe or belt of blisters wrapping around either side of the torso
(Dermatologic → Common Diagnoses) Cellulitis Bacterial infection with inflammation, just beneath the skin surface
(Dermatologic → Common Diagnoses) Paronychia Inflammation or infection involving the folds of skin tissue surrounding a nail
(Dermatologic → Common Diagnoses) Subungual Hematoma Collection of blood beneath a nail usually resulting from trauma
(Neurologic → Basic Anatomy) Sciatic Nerve Largest nerve of the body supplying the skin of the leg and muscles of the back of thigh and those of the leg and foot
(Neurologic → Medical Terminology) Paresthesia Altered skin sensation described as numbness, burning, tingling, pins and needles, etc
(Neurologic → Medical Terminology) Paresis Partial or incomplete paralysis
(Neurologic → Medical Terminology) Dizziness Sensation of unsteadiness, lightheadedness, faintness or whirling
(Allergy/Immunologic → Medical Terminology) Anaphylaxis Rapidly progressing life-threatening allergic reaction
(Hematologic/Lymphatic → Medical Terminology) Anemia Decreased level of blood or hemoglobin in the body
(Hematologic/Lymphatic → Medical Terminology) Lymphadenopathy Abnormal enlargement of lymph nodes usually due to infection or disease
(Endocrine → Medical Terminology) Hypothyroidism Underactive thyroid or low production or secretion of hormones by the thyroid gland
(Endocrine → Medical Terminology) Hyperthyroidism Overactive thyroid or excess production of hormones by the thyroid gland
(Endocrine → Medical Terminology) Diabetes Mellitus Insufficient production of insulin by the pancreas leading to a high glucose (sugar) level in the body
(Endocrine → Medical Terminology) (Diabetes Mellitus) Type-I Diabetes/Juvenile Diabetes Failure of the body to produce sufficient insulin or insulin-dependent diabetes
(Endocrine → Medical Terminology) (Diabetes Mellitus) Type-II Diabetes/Adult-Onset Diabetes Failure of body cells to respond to insulin properly or develop resistance or non-insulin-dependent diabetes
(Medications and Prescriptions → Medical Terminology) Dose Specified quantity of medication to be administered at one time
(Medications and Prescriptions → Medical Terminology) Route Path by which a substance is taken into the body
(Medications and Prescriptions → Medical Terminology) (Route) PO Orally or by mouth
(Medications and Prescriptions → Medical Terminology) (Route) IV Intravenous or into a vein
(Medications and Prescriptions → Medical Terminology) (Route) IM Intramuscular or within a muscle
(Medications and Prescriptions → Medical Terminology) (Route) SC Subcutaneous or directly underneath the skin
(Medications and Prescriptions → Medical Terminology) (Route) ID Intradermal or into the inner layer of skin
(Medications and Prescriptions → Medical Terminology) (Route) PR By rectum
(Medications and Prescriptions → Medical Terminology) (Route) PV By vagina
(Medications and Prescriptions → Medical Terminology) (Route) SL Sublingual or beneath the tongue
(Medications and Prescriptions → Medical Terminology) (Route) Ophthalm Ophthalmic or on the external eye
(Medications and Prescriptions → Medical Terminology) (Route) Otic By way of the ear
(Medications and Prescriptions → Medical Terminology) (Route) Nasal By way of the nose
(Medications and Prescriptions → Medical Terminology) (Route) Inhalational Within the respiratory tract by inhaling orally or nasally
(Medications and Prescriptions → Medical Terminology) (Route) Topical On the outer surface of the skin
(Medications and Prescriptions → Medical Terminology) Frequency Number of occurrences of a periodic process in a unit of time
(Medications and Prescriptions → Medical Terminology) (Frequency) QD Every day
(Medications and Prescriptions → Medical Terminology) (Frequency) OD Once daily
(Medications and Prescriptions → Medical Terminology) (Frequency) BID Twice a day
(Medications and Prescriptions → Medical Terminology) (Frequency) TID Thrice a day
(Medications and Prescriptions → Medical Terminology) (Frequency) QID Four times a day
(Medications and Prescriptions → Medical Terminology) (Frequency) QW Once a week
(Medications and Prescriptions → Medical Terminology) (Frequency) BIW Twice a week
(Medications and Prescriptions → Medical Terminology) (Frequency) TIW Thrice a week
(Medications and Prescriptions → Medical Terminology) (Frequency) QHS At bedtime
(Medications and Prescriptions → Medical Terminology) (Frequency) QAM In the morning
(Medications and Prescriptions → Medical Terminology) (Frequency) QPM At night
(Medications and Prescriptions → Medical Terminology) (Frequency) Q#H Every # hours
(Medications and Prescriptions → Medical Terminology) (Frequency) Q#1 - #2 Every #1 to #2 hours
(Medications and Prescriptions → Medical Terminology) (Frequency) PRN As needed