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Lesson 8

Medical Prefixes and Suffixes (P-Z)

TermDefinition
pachy thick prefix or suffix
pachycephalic abnormal thickness of the skull
para near; departure from the norm prefix
paralgia abnormal pain
path disease prefix or suffix
pathology study of disease
penia deficiency suffix
cytopenia lack of cellular elements in the blood
peri around prefix
pericardium around the heart
pexy fixation, suspension suffix
retinopexy surgical repair of detached retina
phobia fear of suffix
hydrophobia water, fear of
phoresis transmission suffix
diaphoresis perspiration, transmission of sweat
plasty plastic surgical correction suffix
orthoplasty surgical straightening
plegia paralysis; stroke suffix
paraplegia paralysis from the waist down
poly many prefix or suffix
polyarthritis arthritis in numerous joints
post after prefix or suffix
postmortem after death
pre before prefix
preoperative before surgery
pro in front of, on behalf of prefix
proglossis tip of tongue
pseudo false prefix
pseudodipsa false thirst
ptosis falling suffix
mastoptosis sagging of the breast
re back, again prefix
reflex flex response to stimulation
retro backward prefix
retroflexed bent backward, posterior
rrhaphy suture suffix
cardiorrhaphy suturing of the heart
rhexis rupture suffix
angiorrhexis ruptured blood vessel
scopy exam suffix
bronchoscopy bronchus exam
semi half prefix
semicomatose half-conscious
sphygmo pulse prefix
sphygonomanometer pulse meter
sub below prefix
sublingual under the tongue
super, supra above prefix
superacute highly severe
sym, syn together prefix or suffix
symbiotic dependent on one another
tachy swift, fast prefix
tachycardia rapid heart rate
tele distance prefix
telemetry distance signal motor interpretation
toxo toxic, poison prefix or suffix
toxicoderma skin disease caused by poison
trans across prefix
transfusion transfer of blood into an individual
tri three prefix
tricuspid three cusps
ultra above
ultrasonic high frequency sound
uni one prefix
uniocular having one working eye
xeno foreign prefix
xenograft a graft from one species to another
xero dry prefix
xerochilia dry lips
Created by: stephurtado7