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Unit 6 Review

TermDefinition
Circumcision (Religious, cultural) The removal of the loose skin covering the head/ tip of the penis
Impotence or "erectile dysfunction" Can't obtain an erection
Vasectomy Male sterilization in which the sperm duct is cut and tied off
Toxic Shock Syndrome (TSS) Bacteria can breed on the blood that is left on tampons within the body
Ectopic Pregnancy Occurs when a fertilized egg, or zygote, doesn't travel into the uterus, but instead grows rapidly in the Fallopian tube
Urinary Tract Infection (U.T.I.) Usually bacteria gets into urethral opening
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (P.I.D.) Infection that can scar reproductive organs
Vaginitis Infection when Ph becomes disrupted
Gynecologist Doctor who specializes in disorders of the woman's reproductive organs
Abstinence Voluntarily choosing not to engage in sexual activity until marriage
Hormonal Method of Birth Control Prevention ovulation or inhibiting fertilization
The primary hormone of the female reproductive system Estrogen
Menopause End of period
Ovulation Once puberty begins, one of the ovaries release a ripened egg about once a month
Most common bacterial STD: Chlamydia
Most common viral STD: (HPV) Human Papilloma Virus
Two STD's that can be cured with antibiotics: Gonorrhea and Chlamydia
If an infected person does not show symptoms, do they still contain the disease? Yes
Two ways HIV is passed: 1. Through any form of sexual intercourse with an infected person. 2. Through contact with blood or blood parts of an infected person
List four reasons why Caesarean Births are performed: Breech, too large babies, previous caesarean, known STD's
List three reasons a woman may miss her period: Pregnant, high stress, eating disorders
A full term pregnancy lasts: 37-40 weeks or 9 months
Sex chromosomes (what letters) Boy- XY. Girl- XX
Ultrasound Sound waves are used to create a picture of the fetus to detect age, the presence of multiples, major birth defects and other serious complications
Vernix Caseosa Is the cheesy substance found on the baby to help protect from the amniotic fluid
Amniocentesis In this test, done at 15- 18 weeks, amniotic fluid is extracted via the abdomen and analyzed form chromosomal defects and genetic defects
What determines the gender of the baby Sperm
Why would a newborn baby have an oddly shaped head Form force of birth process and skull is not completely formed yet
Testes 2 found in the scrotum sac, contain seminiferous tubules, testosterone
Prostate Gland Heart shaped. Neutralizes acidity of the urethra/ vagina. Adds chemical substance
Urethra A tube that passes through the penis to the outside of the body. Carries both urine and sperm out of the body
Vas deferens Sperm storage, transports sperm from the testes, out of the scrotum, to urethra
Penis 3 cylinders of erectile tissue, not a muscle
Ovaries The primary reproductive glands. They produce eggs and sex hormones
Uterus Strong Easton muscle "pouch" or "womb"
Vagina A muscular passage leading from the uterus to the outside of the body
Fallopian tubes Two tubes/ passageways that carry eggs ( ovum) away from the ovaries
Cervix Glans around cervix produce cervical mucous which increases during ovulation
Relationship A bond or connection you have with other people
Endocrine system Regulates long-term changes in the body such as growth and development. It also controls many of your body's daily activities
Hormones Chemical messages in the bloodstream that trowels to target cells in the body to speed up, slow down, turn on or turn off cell activities of the body
Puberty The period of sexual development during which a person becomes sexually mature and physically able to reproduce
Hysterectomy Operation done to remove the uterus. (No longer can have children, no menstruation)
STD Sexually transmitted diseases
STI Sexually transmitted infection
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) A virus that causes aids
Aids Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
Where is the egg fertilized The egg is fertilized in the Fallopian tube