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Nutrition I

Health

TermDefinition
Nutrient a substance found in food that is used by the body to support normal growth, maintenance, and repair
AMA science of food, the nutrients and substances therein their action, interaction, and balance in relation to health and disease, and the process by which the organism ingests, digests, absorbs, transports,utilizes and excretes food substance
Macronutrients nutrients required in the greatest amount -carbohydrates -proteins -fats
Micronutrients -vitamins -minerals -water
Calories standard unit of energy used or taken in
Carbohydrates body's main source of energy -4 cal per gram
complex carbohydrates absorbed more slowly (fruits, veggies, whole grains) -more energy-last longer
Simple carbohydrates digested quickly/contain refined sugars and few essential vitamins and mierals (processed baked goods, candy , white bread)
Fiber or roughage (soluble) -improve cholesterol and blood sugar -oats -dried beans -some fruits
Fiber (insoluble) -bulks your stool -veggies -whole grains -legumes -most fruits
Federal guidelines on the amount of fiber people need - 25g per day for women -38g per day for men
Created by: kthomas96