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Health

Intro to Wellness

TermDefinition
World Health Organization (WHO) defines health as a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity
Dimensions of Wellness -Physical wellness -Emotional wellness -Intellectual wellness -Spiritual wellness -Interpersonal and social wellness -Environmental, or planetary, wellness
Physical Health body size and functioning
Social Health having a broad social network and successful interaction with others
Intellectual Health ability to think clearly and make responsible decisions
Emotional Health ability to express emotions and maintain a level of self-confidence
Spiritual Health having a sense of meaning and purpose in one's life
Environmental Health appreciation of one's external environment
Leading Causes of Death 1. Heart Disease 2. Cancer 3. Chronic Lower Respiratory Disease (pneumonia) 4. Accidents (unintentional injuries)
Relative Risk Measure of comparative risk of health-related event such as disease or death between two groups/ the chance that a person receiving an exposure will develop a condition compared to the chance that a non-exposed person will develop the same condition.
Life Expectancy 78.8 yrs Total 81.3 yrs Women 76.2 yrs Men
3 Major Aspects of Public Health 1. preventative 2.less funded 3.more community based
3 Major Aspects of Medical practice 1. curative 2. more funding 3. individualized
Public Health personal hygiene, clean air and water, education, organization of medical and nursing services for preventing disease
Charles Winslow -father of public health -bacteriologist and graduate of MIT in 1898 -defined public health in 1920
Epidemiology (study of what is upon the people) study of distribution and determinants of disease frequency in human populations
10 Greatest Public Health Achievements Vaccinations, Motor Vehicle Safety, Workplace safety, Control of infectious diseases, Reduction in heart disease & stroke deaths, safe & healthy foods, Maternal & infant care, Family planning, Fluoridated water, Recognition of tobacco as a health hazzard
Two Distinct Characteristics of Public Health 1. It deals with preventive rather than curative aspects of health 2. It deals with population-level, rather than individual-level health issues
Precontemplation no intention of changing behavior
Contemplation intending to take action within 6 months
Preparation planning to take action within a month
Action outwardly changing behavior
Maintenance successful behavior change within the past 6 months
Created by: kthomas96