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terms

QuestionAnswer
Conscious the state of being mentally alert and having awareness of surroundings, sensations, and thoughts
Shock a condition that occurs when organs and tissues in the body do not receive an adequate blood supply.
Dyspnea difficulty breathing.
Syncope loss of consciousness, also called fainting.
Epistaxis nosebleed.
Insulin reaction Complication of diabetes that can result from either too much insulin or too little food; also know as hypoglycemia.
Hypoglycemia complication of diabetes that is caused by having too little insulin; also called diabetic ketoacidosis or diabetic coma.
epilepsy an illness of the brain that causes seizures.
transient ischemic attack (TIA) a warning sign of a CVA/stroke resulting from a temporary lack of oxygen in the brain, symptoms may last up to 24 hours.
pressure points areas of the body that bear much of its weight.
bony prominences areas of the body where bone lies close to the skin.
pressure ulcer a serious wound resulting from skin breakdown; also called pressure sore, bed sore or decubitus ulcer.
foot drop a weakness of muscles in the feet and ankles that causes difficulty with the ability to flex the ankles and walk normally.
orthotic device, or orthosis a device that helps support and align a limp and improves its functioning.
partial bath a bath given on days when a complete bath or shower is not done; includes washing the face, hands, underarm, and perineum.
axillae underarms
additive a substance added to another substance changing its effect.
safety razor a type of razor that has a sharp blade with a special safety casing to help prevent cuts; requires the use of shaving cream or soap.
pediculosis an infestation of lice
affected side a weakened side from a stroke or injury; also called the weaker or involved side.
halitosis bad breath
edentulous having no teeth, toothless
aspiration the inhalation of food, drink, or foreign material into the lungs.
obstructed airway a condition in which the tube through which air enters the lungs is blocked.
homeostasis the condition in which all of the body's systems are working at their best.
integument a natural protective covering.
specific immunity a type of immunity that protects against a particular disease that is invading the body at a given time.
lymph a clear yellowish fluid that carries disease-fighting cells called lymphocytes.
baseline initial values that can then be compared to future measurements.
dorsal recumbent body position in which a person is flat on her back with her knees flexed and her feet flat on the bed.
lithotomy body position in which a person lies on her back with her hips at the end of an exam table; legs are flexed, and feet are in padded stirrups.
total parenteral nutrition (TPN) the intravenous infusion of nutrients administered directly into the bloodstream, bypassing the digestive tract.
nasogastric tube feeding tube, inserted through the nose and goes to the stomach
percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tube feeding tube placed through the abdominal wall into the stomach
gastrostomy a surgically-created opening into the stomach in order to insure a tube
diet cards cards that list the resident's name and info about the special diets, allergies, likes and dislikes, and other instructions
fluid balance taking in and eliminating equal amounts of fluid.
fluid overload a condition that occurs when the body is unable to handle the amount of fluid consumed.
edema swelling caused by excess fluid in the body.
cognition the ability to think logically and quickly.
cognitive impairment loss of ability to think logically, concentration and memory are affected.
delirium a state of severe confusion that occurs suddenly; it is usually temporary
dementia there serious loss of mental abilities; such as thinking, remembering, reasoning, and communicating.
progressive something that continually gets worse or deteriorates.
degenerative something that continually gets worse.
onset in medicine, the first appearance of the signs or symptoms of an illness.
Alzheimers Disease a progressive, incurable disease that causes tangled nerve fibers and protein deposits to form in the brain, which eventually causes dementia.
perseveration repeating words, phrases, questions, and actions.
intervention a way to change an action or development
sundowning becoming restless and agitated in the late afternoon, evening, or night.
catastrophic reaction overreacting to something in an unreasonable way.
elope in medicine, when a person with Alzheimer's disease wanders away from a protected area and does not return
pillaging taking things that belong to someone else
validating giving value to or approving
mental health the normal functioning of emotional and intellectual abilities.
mental illness a disease that affects a person's ability to function at a normal level in the family, home, or community; often produces inappropriate behavior.
situation response a temporary condition that may be caused by a crisis, temporary changes in the brain, side effects from medications, interactions among medications, or severe change in the environment.
fallacy false belief
apathy lack of interest
major depressive disorder a type of depression that causes withdrawal, lack of energy, and loss of interest in activities as well as other symptoms , also called major depression.
schizophrenia a brain disorder that affects a person's ability to think and communicate clearly.
paranoid schizophrenia a brain disorder that centers mainly on hallucinations and delusions.
psychotherapy a method of treating mental illness that involves talking about one's problems with mental health professionals.
substance abuse the repeated use of legal or illegal drugs, cigarettes, or alcohol in a way that is harmful to oneself or others.
rehabilitation care that is managed by professionals to help to restore a person to the highest possible level of functioning
ROM range of motion exercises that put a joint through its full arc of motion
AROM active range of motion exercises to put a joint through its full arc of motion that are performed by the affected person alone, without help.
AAROM active assisted range of motion exercises to put a joint through its full arc of motion that are performed by a person with some help from the affected person.
PROM passive range of motion exercises to put a joint through its full arc of motion that are performed by a person alone, without the affected person's help.
abduction moving a body part away from the midline of the body
adduction moving a body part toward the midline of the body.
extension straightening a body part
flexion bending a body part
dorsiflexion bending backward
rotation turning a joint
pronation turning downward
supination turning upward
opposition touching thumb to any other finger
anesthesia the use of medication to block pain during surgery and other medical procedures.
pulse oximeter a noninvasive device that uses a light ti determine the amount of oxygen in the blood.
telemetry the application of a cardiac monitoring device that sends information about the hearts rhythm and rate to a monitoring station.
artificial airway any plastic, metal, or rubber device inserted into the respiratory tract to maintain or promote breathing.
intubation the passage of a plastic tube through the mouth, nose, or an opening of the neck into the trachea
tracheostomy a surgically-created opening through the neck into the trachea
mechanical ventilation using a machine to assist with or replace breathing when a person is unable to do this on his own.
sedative an agent or drug that helps calm and soothe a person and may cause sleep
chest tube hollow drainage tubes that are inserted into the chest to drain air, blood or other fluid, or pus that has collected inside the pleural cavity or space.
grief deep distress or sorrow over a loss
hospice care holistic, compassionate care given to dying people and their families.
palliative care care that focuses on the comfort and dignity of a person who is very sick and/or dying rather than on curing him or her.
Cheyene-strokes slow, irregular respirations or rapid, shallow respirations
rigor mortis the latin term for the temporary condition after death which the muscles in the body become stiff and rigid
postmortem care care of the body after death
resume a summary of listing of relevant job experience and education
stress the state of being frightened, excited, confused, in danger, or irritated
stressor something that causes stress.
Created by: amberhomsany