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Week 1 Flashcards

-oid (suffix) like, resembling
-logy (suffix) the study of
-ician (suffix) skilled professional or expert
multi- (prefix) many
mon/o- (prefix or combining form) one, single
dipl/o- (combining form) double
cyanosis (medical word) abnormal condition of being blue;
Leuk/o-(combining form) white
-cyte (suffix) cell
dia-(prefix) through
per- (prefix) through
trans- (prefix) across, through
Dextro- (prefix) right
sinistro- (prefix left
Ne/o- new
Hypertension High blood pressure
Hypotension Low blood pressure
myx/o- mucus
muc/o- mucus
caudal pertaining to the tail or the tail bone
cephalad toward or in the direction of the head
dys- painful, difficult, abnormal
brady- slow
tachy- fast
Adenopathy Any disease of a gland
Metastasis Spreading of cancer
Otoscope Instrument used to examine the ears
Ophthalmoscope Instrument used to examine the eyes
Sclerosis Abnormal condition of hardening
Lithotripsy Procedure to crush stones
Neoplasia Uncontrolled tissue growth
Proximal Closer to the point of origin
Distal Away from the point of origin
Necrosis Tissue death
Etiology The cause of disease
-ectomy surgical excision
-tomy process of cutting or making an incision
-stomy surgically created opening
-centesis procedure to puncture
-tripsy process of crushing
-penia condition of deficiency
-pathy disease; suffering
-itis inflammation of; infection of;
-ia condition; state; thing;
-oma tumor; mass
-scope instrument used to examine
-scopy process of using an instrument to examine
-plasty process of reshaping by surgery
-emia condition of the blood; substance in the blood
-ic pertaining to
-ics knowledge; practice
-ist one who specializes in
-osis condition; abnormal condition; process
-um a structure; a period of time
-sis process; condition; abnormal condition
-somia condition of a body
-megaly enlargement
-ism process; disease from a specific cause;
-al pertaining to
endo- innermost, within
epi- upon; above
hyper- above; more than normal
hypo- below; deficient
Infra- below; beneath
intra- within
inter- between
cry/o- cold
aden/o- gland
adip/o- fat
arthr/o- joint
cardi/o- heart
cephal/o- head
cyst/o- urinary bladder; fluid filled sac or pouch
dipl/o- double
enter/o- intestines
eti/o- cause of disease
gastr/o- stomach
hem/o- blood
hemat/o- blood
iatr/o- physician; medical treatment
intestin/o- intestine
lapar/o- abdomen;
leuk/o- white
lip/o- fat
lith/o- stone
necr/o- dead cells, tissues, or body
onc/o- tumor; mass
ot/o- ear
phleb/o- vein
scler/o- hard
somat/o- body
sten/o- narrowness; constriction
vas/o- blood vessel; vas deferens
ven/o- vein
Anterior The front portion; toward the front
Aortostenosis Narrowing or constriction of the aortic arch
Arthroplasty Surgical reshaping of a joint
Auscultation The process of listening with and instrument
Cardiomegaly Enlargement of the heart
Caudal Pertaining to the tail region
Cephalic Pertaining to the head region
Coronal Plane The plane created by the coronal suture line in the head; divides the body into anterior and posterior sections
Cystitis Inflammation or infection of the urinary bladder
Diaphoresis Profuse sweating, usually caused by a serious medical condition
Dorsal Pertaining to the back side
Exterior Pertaining to the outside
Hepatomegaly Enlargement of the liver
Iatrogenic Caused by physician or medicine
Idiopathic Unknown cause or origin
Inferior In the lower part of the body or part
Ischemia To block blood
Laparoscopy Examination of the abdomen with an instrument
Lateral Pertaining to the side
Leukocyte A white cell (blood cell)
Medial Pertaining to the middle
Nosocomial Pertaining to hospital or hospitalization
Palpation Examination by touching
Pathology The study of disease
Percussion Examination by tapping
Posterior Pertaining to the back side
Prone Face down
Sagittal Plane The plane that is created by the sagittal suture in the head. Divides the body into right and left sections
Superficial Near the surface of the body
Superior In the upper or top part; above
Supine Face up, palms up,
Syncope Fainting
Thrombosis The process of blood clot formation
Tracheostomy Creation of an opening into the trachea
Transverse Plane The plane that divides the body into top and bottom halves.
Created by: Marlys