Busy. Please wait.
or

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
or

Username is available taken
show password

why


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.


Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Don't know
Know
remaining cards
Save
0:01
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
Retries:
restart all cards
share
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Body Sys2-Cardio

Medical Terminology

TermDefinition
cardi a root word that means heart ____) is the combining form. For example, a ____ is a recording of heart activity
angi a root word that means blood vessels ____ is the combining form. For example, an ____ is an image of a blood vessel
arteri a root word that means artery ____) is the combining form. For example, an ____ is a recording of an artery
ven a root word that means vein ____ or ____) are the combining forms. For example, ____ means to puncture a vein
hemat a root word that means blood ____ is the combining form. For example, ____ology is the study of blood and blood disorders
cyt a root word that means cell ____ is the combining form. For example, _____ is a red blood cell.
a- or an- a prefix that means no or without For example, ____ means not enough red blood cells.
hyper- a prefix that means above or above normal For example, ____ means high blood pressure
hypo- a prefix that means under or below normal For example, ____ means low blood pressure.
tachy- a prefix that means fast For example, ____ means a fast heartbeat
brady- a prefix that means slow For example, ____ means a slow heartbeat
erythr a prefix that means red ____) is the combining form. For example, ____ means a red blood cell
leuk a prefix that means white or colorless ____ is the combining form. For example,____ is a white blood cell.
-emia a suffix that means blood condition For example, ____ means not enough red blood cells.
-osis a suffix that means a condition or disease For example, ____ means a disease characterized by stiffening of the arteries
heart muscular organ in the chest that rhythmically expands and contracts to pump blood throughout the body
blood a liquid that carries red and white blood cells, nutrients, and waste products throughout the body
atrium a type of chamber in the heart, of which there are two: the right atrium receives blood returning to the heart from the body, and the left atrium receives blood returning to the heart from the lungs
ventricle a pumping chamber of the heart, of which there are two: the right ventricle, which pumps blood into the lungs, and the left ventricle, which pumps blood to the body
valve one of the four structures in the heart that control the flow of blood, permitting it to flow in only one direction
artery a blood vessel (tubular structure) that carries blood away from the heart
vein a blood vessel (tubular structure) that carries blood back to the heart
capillary the smallest of blood vessels, it receives blood from the arterial system and delivers it to the venous system while exchanging nutrients and wastes with nearby tissues
erythrocyte a red blood cell, which carries oxygen throughout the body
leukocyte a white blood cell, which forms part of the immune system that protects the body from foreign material and organisms
platelet also called a thrombocyte; a small, irregularly shaped cell that circulates in the blood and stops blood loss when a wound occurs
plasma the non-cellular, liquid part of blood that consists mostly of water
blood clot a collection of platelets and proteins that blocks the opening caused by a wound to a blood vessel
oxygen saturation the degree to which the oxygen-carrying molecules, called hemoglobin, in red blood cells are filled, or saturated, with oxygen, expressed as a percentage of the maximum they can carry
lymph plasma that has escaped from a capillary and is returning to the general circulation by way of a lymph vessel
lymph vessel a vessel that returns lymph to the general circulation, filtering the fluid as it passes
aorta One of two arteries leading out of the heart, it receives freshly oxygenated blood from the left ventricle and carries it away from the heart to the rest of the body
pulmonary artery One of two arteries leading out of the heart, it receives blood from the right ventricle and carries it into the lungs, where oxygen is acquired and carbon dioxide, a waste gas, is released
pulmonary vein One of two veins leading into the heart, it carries freshly oxygenated blood from the lungs into the left atrium.
vena cava One of two veins leading into the heart, it carries blood returning from the body into the right atrium
aortic valve the heart valve that separates the left ventricle from the aorta
tricuspid valve the heart valve that separates the right atrium from the right ventricle
mitral valve the heart valve that separates the left atrium from the left ventricle
pulmonary valve the heart valve that separates the right ventricle from the pulmonary artery
heart contractility the ability of the heart to contract, generating force to pump blood; contractility can be reduced in various diseases
diastole that phase of heart activity in which the heart relaxes and fills with blood from the venous system before the next systole
systole that phase of heart activity in which the heart contracts, pumping blood out into the arteries
heart rate the number of times the heart beats in one minute
blood pressure the pressure of blood pushing on the walls of the blood vessels
cardiac output (CO) the volume of blood pumped by the heart in one minute
Created by: rleroux